Geography | University of Oxford
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Geography is a diverse discipline that bridges the arts and social and natural sciences, providing a broad education and addressing pressing issues including environmental change, regional and global inequalities and the transformation of global economy and culture. Students obtain a coherent view of the rapidly changing world and the ways in which society influences and is influenced by it.

The Oxford Geography degree focuses on the interrelationships between society and the physical and human environment. Students are introduced to the full range of geographical topics in the foundational courses, which they can then follow up in more detail in the optional papers. There is considerable emphasis on interdisciplinary approaches in the course, with opportunities to explore the cross-fertilisation between Geography and other disciplines such as anthropology, sociology, history, political science, economics, earth sciences and biology.

The facilities available are among the best in the country, notably:

  • the Radcliffe Science Library (RSL), which holds a geography collection of over 28,000 volumes on its open shelves with many more held in closed stack storage. There are over 100 print journals on the open shelves of the RSL as well as electronic access to over 600 core journals;
  • well-equipped Geolabs for practical physical courses and individual research projects.

Fieldwork and international opportunities

The School of Geography and the Environment emphasises the importance of fieldwork since it believes there is no substitute for teaching subjects at first hand. In the first year, all students take part in a four-day physical geography field trip at the start of term and local skills-related field days. Second-year students will undertake a week-long overseas residential field course (currently to Berlin and Tenerife). Independent research in the field or in archives is a key element of the dissertation. Each year, around 30% of our undergraduates choose to do their dissertation overseas.


Geography graduates have a broad set of transferable skills including literacy, numeracy and graphicacy, along with their experience of research projects and working in groups. Some graduates are able to use their geographical knowledge directly in their work or in higher degrees. In recent years Geography graduates have proceeded to employment in management consultancy, local and central government, conservation and heritage management, the law, the media, teaching and research. You can see more on alumni profiles on the Geography website.

Related courses

Students interested in this course might also like to consider Biological SciencesEarth Sciences (Geology) or Human Sciences.

A typical week

  • Lectures in the morning
  • Seminars/practical classes in the afternoon
  • Tutorials: at least one college tutorial a week, and some college-based classes.

Tutorials are usually 2-4 students and a tutor. Class sizes may vary depending on the options you choose. There would usually be no more than around 20 students though classes for some of the more popular papers may be up to 40 students.

Most tutorials, classes, and lectures are delivered by staff who are tutors in their subject. Many are world-leading experts with years of experience in teaching and research. Some teaching may also be delivered by postgraduate students who are usually studying at doctorate level.

To find out more about how our teaching year is structured, visit our Academic Year page.

1st year


Four compulsory courses:

  • Earth systems processes
  • Human geography
  • Geographical controversies
  • Geographical techniques

Induction physical geography field trip to Dorset (four days)

One-day human geography field trip exercise in Oxford


Four written papers: Two fieldwork reports; submitted essay on Geographical controversies

2nd and 3rd years


Geographical Research (core)

Foundational courses (two chosen)

  • Space, place and society
  • Earth system dynamics
  • Environmental geography

Options (three chosen)

Options currently offered include:

  • African societies
  • Biogeography, biodiversity and conservation
  • Climate change impacts and adaptation
  • Climate change and variability
  • Complexity
  • Cultural spaces
  • Desert landscapes and dynamics
  • European integration
  • Geographies of finance
  • Geographies of nature
  • Geography at war
  • Geopolitics in the margins
  • Island life
  • New approaches to urban geography
  • The Quaternary period
  • Transport and mobilities


Overseas field trip

The options listed above are illustrative and may change. The University may cap the number of students who are able to take a particular one. A full list of current options is available on the Geography website.


Six written papers: Three extended essays; fieldwork report; dissertation

The content and format of this course may change in some circumstances. Read further information about potential course changes.

If English is not your first language you may also need to meet our English language requirements.

Wherever possible, your grades are considered in the context in which they have been achieved.  (See further information on how we use contextual data.) 

It is highly recommended for candidates to have Geography to A-level, Advanced Higher or Higher Level in the IB or another equivalent.

If, and only if, you have chosen to take any science A-levels, we expect you to take and pass the practical component in addition to meeting any overall grade requirement.

Oxford University is committed to recruiting the best and brightest students from all backgrounds. We offer a generous package of financial support to Home/EU students from lower-income households. (UK nationals living in the UK are usually Home students.)


These annual fees are for full-time students who begin this undergraduate course here in 2019.

Fee status

Annual Course fees

(Channel Islands & Isle of Man)

For more information please refer to our course fees page. Fees will usually increase annually. For details, please see our guidance on likely increases to fees and charges.

EU applicants should refer to our dedicated webpage for details of the implications of the UK’s plans to leave the European Union.

Living costs

Living costs at Oxford might be less than you’d expect, as our world-class resources and college provision can help keep costs down.

Living costs for the academic year starting in 2019 are estimated to be between £1,058 and £1,643 for each month you are in Oxford. Our academic year is made up of three eight-week terms, so you would not usually need to be in Oxford for much more than six months of the year but may wish to budget over a nine-month period to ensure you also have sufficient funds during the holidays to meet essential costs. For further details please visit our living costs webpage.

Financial support


A tuition fee loan is available from the UK government to cover course fees in full for Home (UK)/EU students undertaking their first undergraduate degree*, so you don’t need to pay your course fees up front.

In 2019 Oxford is offering one of the most generous bursary packages of any UK university to those on a family income of around £42,875 or less, with additional opportunities available to those from households with incomes of £16,000 or less. This support is available in addition to the government living costs support.  See further details.

(Channel Islands and Isle of Man)

Islands students are entitled to different support to that of students from the rest of the UK.

Please refer the links below for information on the support to you available from your funding agency:

States of Jersey
States of Guernsey
Isle of Man


Please refer to the "Other Scholarships" section of our Oxford Bursaries and Scholarships page.

*If you have studied at undergraduate level before and completed your course, you will be classed as an Equivalent or Lower Qualification student (ELQ) and won’t be eligible to receive government or Oxford funding

Fees, Funding and Scholarship search

Additional Fees and Charges Information for Geography

First year students attend a four day residential field course in the UK during their first term. The cost of the field trip is borne by the School of Geography and the Environment and there is no charge to students.

Students are also required to undertake a one week fieldtrip in their second year and have a choice between trips to Copenhagen or Tenerife. These field trips provide students with the opportunity to learn and practice the field research skills that they will employ in their own dissertation research. Some of the projects students have had the opportunity to undertake on previous trips include pilot balloon tracking of trade winds and monitoring of microclimates using i-button data in Tenerife and studying everyday youth politics and issues of ethnic assimilation in Copenhagen. Students have to write a report of their research which is assessed as part of the final examinations. The cost of the field trip is borne by the School of Geography and the Environment and there is no charge to students.

All candidates must follow the application procedure as shown in applying to Oxford. The information below gives specific details for students applying for this course.

Written test

Candidates applying in 2018, either for entry in 2019 or for deferred entry in 2020, will not have to take an admissions test. Further information about all our written tests can be found on our tests page.

Written work

Written work is not required when applying for this course.

What are tutors looking for?

Tutors are looking for students who match academic achievement with enthusiasm, commitment and an awareness of the world around them.

For more detail on the selection criteria for this course, please see the Geography website.

Suggested reading

Please see the Geography website for an introductory reading list. We would also encourage you to read National Geographic magazine or any other Geography materials which you find interesting.


Watch a series of short videos of students talking about some aspect of their time at Oxford.


'I chose to apply for Geography at Oxford because of the uniqueness of the course and the challenge I knew it would provide. Throughout the three years you study both human and physical core topics, with the ability to select special topics on top of this in your second and third years. I am both a physical and human geographer, choosing Biogeography and Finance as my two special subjects. The highlight of the academic week is the tutorial – one of the main reasons I applied to Oxford. There are so few places where you have the opportunity to discuss your week’s work with a leading academic in their field.

Each Geography year group is relatively small, so you get to know everyone very quickly and there is a great sense of community. The field trips during Easter are also a great opportunity to get to know everyone better.

Since coming to Oxford I have joined my college boat club, as well as taking part in other activities, such as being a member of my college ball committee. The University Freshers’ Fair during Freshers’ Week has a club or society for almost every interest imaginable; for instance I am a member of the Law Society, which has some great socials!

Each day at Oxford brings new challenges and opportunities, and there is never a dull moment.'


She is now a chartered accountant in the Corporate Tax Department at Deloitte LLP. She says:  

‘My degree gave me a really broad basis of knowledge and understanding of global issues on which to build more technical skills. The focus on self-study and development as well as more formal lectures has really helped with the transition to a career where I need to be self-motivated and manage my workload.’


The most unexpected thing about my course:

'The breadth and depth of geography is overwhelming. I am learning about representations of culture and the general circulation of the atmosphere at the same time, allowing me to uncover previous passions and interests I didn't know I had.'

I wish they'd told me when I was applying to university...

'That the interviews should be fun! I worried about mine before I came and sitting outside the room before being called in was nerve-wracking, but the actual interview was fun and it introduced me to some ideas I hadn't come across before. Yes it was challenging, but fun to realise ways of thinking that I hadn't come across before.'

The best thing that Oxford did for me:

'It has allowed me to continue my passion for rowing, taking it to university level while studying the subject I love. For me it's the best of both worlds!'

My favourite Oxford memory is..

'Winning the 2013 Henley Boat Race with OUWLRC. I was so excited and stressed for the race but after we had won I was so happy!'


The most unexpected thing about my course:

'The speed at which I have been expected to learn things, but also my ability to do this.'

I wish they'd told me when I was applying to university...

'That living away from home can be difficult and there are many compromises to make when living with other people.'

The best thing that Oxford did for me:

'It made me confident that I was clever and had a valid opinion or argument.'

My favourite Oxford memory is...

'The endless but incredibly satisfying process of being emailed an essay title and reading list (several pages long) and having no clue about the topic and often not understanding the terms in the essay question.  Yet five days later I have read lots, in the surroundings of the most beautiful and well-equipped libraries, written an essay and argued my case in front of a world-class expert.'

I'd just like to add:

'I have enjoyed my time at Oxford immensely.  If you are lucky enough to be awarded a place at Oxford, seize every opportunity you can, especially academically.  I am sad to leave, but Oxford will always be a memorable part of my life.  Thank you.'

Contextual information

The Key Information Sets provide a lot of numbers about the Oxford experience – but there is so much about what you get here that numbers can’t convey. It’s not just the quantity of the Oxford education that you need to consider, there is also the quality – let us tell you more.

Oxford’s tutorial system

Regular tutorials, which are the responsibility of the colleges, are the focal point of teaching and learning at Oxford. The tutorial system is one of the most distinctive features of an Oxford education: it ensures that students work closely with tutors throughout their undergraduate careers, and offers a learning experience which is second to none.

A typical tutorial is a one-hour meeting between a tutor and one, two, or three students to discuss reading and written work that the students have prepared in advance. It gives students the chance to interact directly with tutors, to engage with them in debate, to exchange ideas and argue, to ask questions, and of course to learn through the discussion of the prepared work. Many tutors are world-leaders in their fields of research, and Oxford undergraduates frequently learn of new discoveries before they are published.

Each student also receives teaching in a variety of other ways, depending on the course. This will include lectures and classes, and may include laboratory work and fieldwork. But the tutorial is the place where all the elements of the course come together and make sense. Meeting regularly with the same tutor – often weekly throughout the term – ensures a high level of individual attention and enables the process of learning and teaching to take place in the context of a student’s individual needs.

The tutorial system also offers the sustained commitment of one or more senior academics – as college tutors – to each student’s progress. It helps students to grow in confidence, to develop their skills in analysis and persuasive argument, and to flourish as independent learners and thinkers.

More information about tutorials

The benefits of the college system

  • Every Oxford student is a member of a college. The college system is at the heart of the Oxford experience, giving students the benefits of belonging to both a large and internationally renowned university and a much smaller, interdisciplinary, college community.
  • Each college brings together academics, undergraduate and postgraduate students, and college staff. The college gives its members the chance to be part of a close and friendly community made up of both leading academics and students from different subjects, year groups, cultures and countries. The relatively small size of each college means that it is easy to make friends and contribute to college life. There is a sense of belonging, which can be harder to achieve in a larger setting, and a supportive environment for study and all sorts of other activities.
  • Colleges organise tutorial teaching for their undergraduates, and one or more college tutors will oversee and guide each student’s progress throughout his or her career at Oxford. The college system fosters a sense of community between tutors and students, and among students themselves, allowing for close and supportive personal attention to each student’s academic development.

It is the norm that undergraduates live in college accommodation in their first year, and in many cases they will continue to be accommodated by their college for the majority or the entire duration of their course. Colleges invest heavily in providing an extensive range of services for their students, and as well as accommodation colleges provide food, library and IT resources, sports facilities and clubs, drama and music, social spaces and societies, access to travel or project grants, and extensive welfare support. For students the college often becomes the hub of their social, sporting and cultural life.

More about Oxford’s unique college system and how to choose a college

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