NASA-style caution needed before allowing research to influence policy

9 October 2020

Behavioural science should undergo rigorous testing and review before it informs public policy such as government responses to COVID-19, according to a paper today in Nature: Use caution when applying behavioural science to policy

Professor Andrew K. Przybylski, director of research at Oxford’s Internet Institute, is joint lead author of the paper, which recommends NASA’s Technology Readiness Levels be used to ensure new ideas are adequately tested before being adopted by governments and politicians. 

The NASA system envisages a nine-stage process, beginning with ‘basic principles’ going through to ‘successful mission operations’, to ensure safety and efficacy. Such an approach to behavioural science, could have a significant affect on how governments decide advice on household mixing or whether to encourage the use of public transport during a pandemic. 

Professor Przybylski, says, ‘It’s positive to see that researchers across the social sciences are turning their attention to developing solutions to help governments deal with coronavirus. However, we all need to ensure policy interventions informed by behavioural science are rigorously tested before being used on real-life people in real-life situations.’

The paper argues social and behavioural science research methods can make it difficult to know if policies will do more good than harm and argues for caution in the way research is communicated during crises. 

The team also calls for greater diversity and expertise of researchers, and experts in philosophy, ethics, statistics, and data and code management to work together to produce internationally-relevant research.

Notes for editors

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  2. The paper, ‘Use caution when applying behavioural science to policy’, was written by Hans IJzerman, Neil A. Lewis Jr, Andrew K Przybylski, Netta Weinstein, Lisa DeBruine, Stuart J. Ritchie, Simine Cazire, Patrick S. Forscher, Richard D. Morey, james D. Ivory and Farid Anvari is published in Nature Human Behaviour. 

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About the Oxford Internet Institute
The Oxford Internet Institute (OII) is a multidisciplinary research and teaching department of the University of Oxford, dedicated to the social science of the Internet. Drawing from many different disciplines, the OII works to understand how individual and collective behaviour online shapes our social, economic and political world. Since its founding in 2001, research from the OII has had a significant impact on policy debate, formulation and implementation around the globe, as well as a secondary impact on people’s wellbeing, safety and understanding. Drawing on many different disciplines, the OII takes a combined approach to tackling society’s big questions, with the aim of positively shaping the development of the digital world for the public good.