Professor MacFarlane is a specialist on Russian foreign policy and the regional dynamics of the former Soviet Union, with particular reference to the south of that region. He is also interested in the impact of international organisations in the management and resolution of civil conflicts and in the political and economic transitions of former communist states.
- Russian foreign policy and security policy
- International relations and security of the former Soviet states, especially Georgia
- Politics and security in the Caucasus and Central Asia
- International organisations and conflict
Professor MacFarlane has experience of working with the media.