Graphic | Oxford University Coronavirus Research
Graphic | Oxford University Coronavirus Research

Here is a selection of the latest scientific publications from the University of Oxford; to search for a specific author, use the ‘find’ function within your browser and search for their name.

Epidemiological Identification of A Novel Pathogen in Real Time: Analysis of the Atypical Pneumonia Outbreak in Wuhan, China, 2019–2020

Sung-mok Jung, Ryo Kinoshita, Robin N. Thompson, Natalie M. Linton, Yichi Yang, Andrei R. Akhmetzhanov and Hiroshi Nishiura

Journal of Clinical Medicine

Writing in the Journal of Clinical Medicine, Robin Thompson and colleagues reported that while virological tests confirmed that a novel coronavirus caused the COVID-19 outbreak, non-virological descriptive characteristics could have determined that the outbreak is caused by a novel pathogen in advance of virological testing being completed.

Novel Coronavirus Outbreak in Wuhan, China, 2020: Intense Surveillance Is Vital for Preventing Sustained Transmission in New Locations

Robin N Thompson

Journal of Clinical Medicine

Writing in the Journal of Clinical Medicine, Robin Thompson assessed the risk of sustained transmission whenever the coronavirus arrives in other countries. Data describing the times from symptom onset to hospitalisation for 47 patients infected early in the current outbreak were used to generate an estimate for the probability that an imported case is followed by sustained human-to-human transmission.

Pandemic potential of 2019-nCoV

Robin N Thompson

Lancet Infectious Diseases

Writing in Lancet Infectious Diseases in early February 2020, Robin Thompson summarised the risk of 2019-nCoV becoming a global pandemic.

Pneumonia of unknown aetiology in Wuhan, China: potential for international spread via commercial air travel

Isaac I Bogoch, Alexander Watts, Andrea Thomas-Bachli, Carmen Huber, Moritz U G Kraemer and Kamran Khan

Journal of Travel Medicine

Writing in the Journal of Travel Medicine in January 2020, Moritz Kraemer and colleagues evaluated the potential for international dissemination of the then-newly emerging COVID-19 via commercial air travel.

Potential for global spread of a novel coronavirus from China

Isaac I Bogoch, Alexander Watts, Andrea Thomas-Bachli, Carmen Huber, Moritz U G Kraemer and Kamran Khan

Journal of Travel Medicine

Writing in the Journal of Travel Medicine in late January 2020, Moritz Kraemer and colleagues further modelled the potential for international spread of COVID-19.

Open access epidemiological data from the COVID-19 outbreak

Bo Xu and Moritz U G Kraemer, on behalf of the Open COVID-19 Data Curation Group

Lancet Infectious Diseases

Writing in Lancet Infectious Diseases in February 2020, Moritz Kraemer and colleagues described establishment of the centralised repository of individual-level information on patients with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19

Preparedness and vulnerability of African countries against importations of COVID-19: a modelling study

Marius Gilbert, Giulia Pullano, Francesco Pinotti, Eugenio Valdano, Chiara Poletto, Pierre-Yves Boëlle, Eric D'Ortenzio, Yazdan Yazdanpanah, Serge Paul Eholie, Mathias Altmann, Bernardo Gutierrez, Moritz U G Kraemer and Vittoria Colizza

The Lancet

Writing in the Lancet, Moritz Kraemer and colleagues evaluated the preparedness and vulnerability of African countries against their risk of importation of COVID-19.

The effect of human mobility and control measures on the COVID-19 epidemic in China

Moritz U.G. Kraemer, Chia-Hung Yang, Bernardo Gutierrez, Chieh-Hsi Wu, Brennan Klein, David M. Pigott, open COVID-19 data working group, Louis du Plessis, Nuno R. Faria, Ruoran Li, William P. Hanage, John S. Brownstein, Maylis Layan, Alessandro Vespignani, Huaiyu Tian, Christopher Dye, Simon Cauchemez, Oliver G. Pybus and Samuel V. Scarpino

MedRxiv

Writing in MedRxiv, Moritz Kraemer, Bernardo Gutierrez, Louis du Plessis, Nuno Faria, Christopher Dye, Oliver Pybus and colleagues reported on the use of real-time mobility data from Wuhan and detailed case data including travel history to elucidate the role of case importation on transmission in cities across China and to ascertain the impact of control measures.

The impact of transmission control measures during the first 50 days of the COVID-19 epidemic in China

Huaiyu Tian, Yonghong Liu, Yidan Li, Chieh-Hsi Wu, Bin Chen, Moritz U. G. Kraemer, Bingying Li, Jun Cai, Bo Xu, Qiqi Yang, Ben Wang, Peng Yang, Yujun Cui, Yimeng Song, Pai Zheng, Quanyi Wang, Ottar N Bjornstad, Ruifu Yang, Bryan Grenfell, Oliver Pybus and Christopher Dye

MedRxiv

Writing in MedRxiv, Moritz Kraemer, Christopher Dye, Oliver Pybus and colleagues evaluated the spread and control of the COVID-19 epidemic in China based on a unique synthesis of data including case reports, human movement and public health interventions.

Amplicon based MinION sequencing of SARS-CoV-2 and metagenomic characterisation of nasopharyngeal swabs from patients with COVID-19

Shona C. Moore, Rebekah Penrice-Randal, Muhannad Alruwaili, Xiaofeng Dong, Steven T. Pullan, Daniel P. Carter, Kevin Bewley, Qin Zhao, Yani Sun, Catherine Hartley, En-min Zhou, Tom Solomon, Michael B. J. Beadsworth, James Cruise, Debby Bogaert, Derrick W. Crook, David A. Matthews, Andrew D. Davidson, Zana Mahmood, Waleed Aljabr, Julian Druce, Richard T. Vipond, Lisa F. P. Ng, Laurent Renia, Peter J. M. Openshaw, J. Kenneth Baillie, Miles W. Carroll, Malcolm G. Semple, Lance Turtle and Julian A. Hiscox

MedRxiv

Writing in MedRxiv, Derrick Crook and colleagues reported the rapid identification of SARS-CoV-2 using Amplicon and metagenomic MinION based sequencing, and described the microbiome in nasopharyngeal swabs obtained from patients with COVID-19.

A novel coronavirus outbreak of global health concern

Chen Wang, Peter W Horby, Frederick G Hayden and George F Gao

The Lancet

Writing in The Lancet in January 2020, Peter Horby and colleagues presented a summary of the COVID-19 outbreak to date, including action taken to limit control the disease in China, isolation of the virus, genetic sequencing, epidemiology and spread of the outbreak at the time of writing

Quantifying dynamics of SARS-CoV-2 transmission suggests that epidemic control and avoidance is feasible through instantaneous digital contact tracing

Luca Ferretti, Chris Wymant, Michelle Kendall, Lele Zhao, Anel Nurtay, David G Bonsall and Christophe Fraser

MedRxiv

Writing in MedRxiv, Luca Ferretti, Chris Wymant, Michelle Kendall, Lele Zhao, Anel Nurtay, David G Bonsall and Christophe Fraser consider the ethical and implementation issues of using an algorithmic approach in instantaneous contact tracing, where newly diagnosed individuals can be traced and their past contacts can be tracked to allow appropriate testing and social distancing.

How will country-based mitigation measures influence the course of the COVID-19 epidemic?

Roy M Anderson, Hans Heesterbeek, Don Klinkenberg and T Déirdre Hollingsworth

The Lancet

Writing in The Lancet, T Déirdre Hollingsworth and colleagues summarise the actions taken internationally to contain the COVID-19 outbreak and forecast the potential impact of these measures.

The coronavirus outbreak: the central role of primary care in emergency preparedness and response

Catherine Dunlop, Amanda Howe, Donald Li and Luke N Allen

BJGP Open

Writing in BJGP Open, Luke Allen and colleagues describe the central role of primary care in managing the emergency response to the COVID-19 outbreak.

Video consultations for covid-19: An opportunity in a crisis?

Trisha Greenhalgh, Joe Wherton, Sara Shaw and Clare Morrison

BMJ

Writing in the BMJ, Trisha Greenhalgh, Joe Wherton, Sara Shaw and colleagues consider how appropriate video consultations are for dealing with the coronavirus crisis and discuss the challenges of scaling up this model at speed.

In silico identification of vaccine targets for 2019-nCoV

Chloe Hyun-Jung Lee and Hashem Koohy

F1000 Research

Writing in F1000 Research, Chloe Hyun-Jung Lee and Hashem Koohy report in silico identification of a comprehensive list of immunogenic peptides that can be used as potential targets for 2019-nCoV vaccine development.

Uncertainty in times of medical emergency: Knowledge gaps and structural ignorance during the Brazilian Zika crisis

Ann H.Kelly, Javier Lezaun, Ilana Löwy, Gustavo Corrêa Matta, Carolina de Oliveira Nogueira and Elaine Teixeira Rabello

Social Science & Medicine

Writing in Social Science & Medicine, Javier Lezaun and colleagues report the role of 'non-knowledge' played in the unfolding of the Brazilian Zika crisis in 2015-2016. The description and trajectory of three different kinds of uncertainty (global health uncertainty, public health uncertainty, and clinical uncertainty) has direct application to the current COVID-19 outbreak.