Professor Milner-Gulland is interested in understanding how social, ecological and behavioural factors interact and how they affect key issues in current conservation. Her research group focuses on three themes: understanding resource user incentives, planning for effective and socially just conservation, and accounting for social-ecological system dynamics. They seek to understand and improve the effectiveness of incentive-based mechanisms, such as payment for ecosystems services and biodiversity offsetting, in both land and marine ecosystems.
Professor Milner-Gulland also works on the illegal wildlife trade and is interested in designing, monitoring and evaluating conservation interventions in order to improve their effectiveness. She is particularly interested in the conservation ecology of the saiga antelope in Central Asia, and co-founded the Saiga Conservation Alliance in 2006.
She is member of the Council of Fauna and Flora International, a trustee of the Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trust, and chair of the trustees of the Saiga Conservation Alliance. She is an advisor to a number of bodies including the International Union for Conservation of Nature and the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals.
- Conservation science
- Saiga antelopes
- Bushmeat hunting
- Illegal wildlife trade
- Conservation in Africa
- Conservation in Central Asia (particularly Kazakhstan, Russia, Uzbekistan)
- Sustainable use of wildlife
- Poverty and development links to the environment
Professor Milner-Gulland has extensive experience of working with a range of media, including radio, TV, and print outlets.