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Seven new Royal Society Fellows
16 May 08
Seven out of 44 new Fellows announced by the Royal Society today are Oxford academics. Oxford has more new Fellows this year than any other single institution.
Professor Fraser Armstrong FRS, Professor of Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, Inorganic Chemistry Laboratory
Professor Armstriog is distinguished for revolutionalising the way in which complex electron-transfer processes can be interrogated in proteins. He has pioneered an important electrochemical technique protein film voltammetry. Recently, he has resolved some of the complicated catalytic reactions and active-site transformations of hydrogenases enzymes of importance for future energy technology.
Sir John Bell FRS, Regius Professor of Medicine
Professor Bell has made major contributions to the development of UK clinical and medical science. He founded the Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics in Oxford, the first to focus on the genetics of common diseases, and then led the creation of four other clinical research institutes in Oxford. Underpinning his strategic planning, his own research on the immunogenetics of HLA, T cell receptors and autoimmune diseases has been sustained and ground breaking.
Professor David Deutsch FRS, Visiting Professor, Department of Atomic and Laser Physics, Centre for Quantum Computation, The Clarendon Laboratory
Professor Deutsch laid the foundations of the quantum theory of computation, and has subsequently made or participated in many of the most important advances in the field. He has set the agenda for worldwide research efforts in this new, interdisciplinary field, made progress in understanding its philosophical implications (via a variant of the many-universes interpretation) and made it comprehensible to the general public, notably in his book The Fabric of Reality.
Professor Brian Foster FRS, Professor of Experimental Physics, Department of Physics
Professor Foster is an international leader in the development of accelerators, instrumentation and physics analysis of electron-positron and electron-proton colliders. His vision of a strong UK contribution to this effort and to accelerator science is reflected in his founding the Adams Institute for Accelerator Science in Oxford and RHUL, of which he was the first director.
Professor Russell Foster FRS, Professor of Circadian Neuroscience and Chair, Nuffield Laboratory of Ophthalmology
Russell Foster has made fundamental contributions to the field of biological clocks (circadian rhythms) and the role of a novel photoreceptor in the retina that is critical for the pathway whereby light signals at dawn and dusk entrain the central circadian clock. His earlier research studied non- retinal photoreceptors in the deep brain of birds which are used to regulate seasonal reproduction.
Professor Graham Russell FRS, Professor of Musculoskeletal Pharmacology, The Botnar Research Centre, Nuffield Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Honorary Consultant, Nuffield Orthopaedic Centre
Graham Russell's research on tissue mineralization and pyrophosphate set the scene for the discovery of bisphosphonates as drugs. He was a leader in that discovery process and in research that led to the application and use of the first generation bisphosphonates. He brought novelty to this field at its very beginning, and again almost 30 years later, with his work on the mechanism of action of these drugs, which are now the major drugs used for treating disorders of bone resorption.
Professor Ulrike Tillmann FRS, Professor of Mathematics, Mathematical Institute and Tutorial Fellow, Merton College
Ulrike Tillmann is a world leader in the study of the moduli space of algebraic curves - an object that is central to algebraic geometry, topology and string theory. Tillmann's highly original contribution was to open it up to the methods of stable homotopy theory thus providing new tools for attacking the structure of this space and also spaces related to graphs and free groups.