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The following speech was delivered by THE PUBLIC ORATOR in a Congregation held on Monday, 29 April, in presenting for the Honorary Degree of Doctor of Civil Law


Hic quem produco qua est et doctrina et sapientia Nunc demum, inquit, post Imperi Romani excidium potest Europa tota uno nomine, una civitate coniungi. cui civitati sive civitatum societati ipse summa civium universorum approbatione praesidet; Romanum enim videmus ita ipsi Romae superstitem, ita autem imperio si fieri potest mitiori quam antiquo illi praefectum, ut eum lingua Latina adloqui praecipue consentaneum esse videatur. gente humanissima ortus, nam cathedras academicas haud minus quam septem cum fratres huius tum sorores obtinuerunt, ex hominum musicorum scholis egressus vir qui musicae ita studet ut ipse tibiis chordisve cantare vix audeat, inter causidicos primum iurisprudentiae vacabat, mox autem ea disciplina reperta quae ingenio suo maxime convenit cum inter Bononienses tum inter Londinienses rei pecuniariae fiscique rationibus se tam luculento successu contulit ut brevi tempore ipse docere coepisset, cathedram autem academicam in vetustissima illa academia Bononiensi consecutus viginti fere annos re oeconomica discipulos collegasque erudiret. sed vehementer errat, si quis hunc umbratili tantum vitae professorumque disputationibus arbitratur esse aptum. virum enim salutamus rei civilis gnarum, in procellis forensibus non modo interritum sed etiam versutum, qui honorum onerumque cursu peracto, partibus novis conditis eorum qui se olivae arboris ramo distinguunt, pacis scilicet Minervaeque insigni, ad summa civitatis suae gubernacula provectus vix ad ulteriora progredi posse sit visus; sed rem apud suos tam prudenter gesserat ut unius civitatis finibus diutius contineri non posset. inde ad totius Europae arcem avocatus viginti fere iam menses sunt ex quo summo consilio praesidet, maximi momenti munus, quod hic ita obit ut scribarum formulis neglectis quidquid agitur civibus omnibus patefacere conetur; bene enim novit vir haud minori sagacitate quam scientia praeditus nihil adeo homines a consilio isto Europaeque signiferis abalienare quam sesquipedalia verba actionumque caliginem. cui dissipandae nemo plus contulit quam hic, qui Europam nil aliud esse nisi mercaturae genus aliquod pernegat, mentes nostras a nummulis aque argentariorum quisquiliis abductas ad spes notitiasque elatiores evehere temptat. sic tandem ubique concordiam, iustitiam, libertatem, provenire ac permanere posse.

Praesento hominem cum de patria sua tum de Europaeis universis optime meritum, oeconomum summum, oratorem facundum, in rebus publicis principem, Romanum Prodi, ut admittatur honoris causa ad gradum Doctoris in Iure Civili.


Signor Romano Prodi, whom I now present, is on record as saying `For the first time since the Roman Empire we have the opportunity to unite Europe'. That is typical of his long views. Roman in name, he is the highly praised President of the European Community; a less repressive form of European unity, we hope, than that earlier one imposed by Rome. It thus seems particularly appropriate to address him in the ancient language. Born in a highly cultured family—seven of the siblings became university teachers—he studied music, but although a keen listener he does not care to play. He studied law; but he found his true intellectual home in the study of economics, which he pursued both in Bologna and at the LSE. He did so well that he very soon became, first a teacher, and then a Professor at Bologna, a position which he held for almost twenty years. It would be quite wrong, however, to think of him as a cloistered academic, unfitted for anything but professorial debates. We salute in him a man equally active in public affairs, not merely unafraid of the storms of political life but highly successful in it, who founded the coalition party of the Ulivo—the olive, symbol of peace and of the arts—and who attained the Presidency of the Council of Ministers of the Italian Republic. It would seem that he could rise no higher; but such was his reputation that an international career beckoned, he received a call to Brussels, and since 1999 he has been President of the European Commission. In that important office he has been concerned to cut through the bureaucratic jargon and to make the proceedings accessible to the citizens at large. His practical wisdom, for which he is as notable as for his academic distinction, tells him that the main source of public alienation from the European Community is the obscurity which sometimes clouds its proceedings. Nobody has done more than Signor Prodi to disperse that obscurity. He has also said `Europe is not a business... so let's get away from the accountancy approach. Let's lift our eyes from our ledgers and look at the far horizon'. In that way we can hope for the establishment and maintenance of peace, justice, and freedom.

I present Romano Prodi, a man who has deserved very well both of his own country and of all the citizens of Europe, a distinguished economist, a powerful speaker, and a leading statesman, for admission to the honorary degree of Doctor of Civil Law.

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Mr Vice-Chancellor has received a communication from the Clerk of Her Majesty's Privy Council, stating that on 17 April 2002 1999 Her Majesty was pleased to approve the Statute concerning the approval of the new University Statutes, printed in Gazette, pp. 308, 508 (approved by Congregation, p. 565).

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The following course has been arranged in addition to those previously announced as taking place in Trinity Term (see Supplement (2) to No. 4618, 18 April 2002):

Small Group Teaching (Seminar Code: TEA/SMA)

Learning in classes and small groups (of between, say, four and twelve) is increasingly an important feature of undergraduate and graduate education in Oxford. The purpose of this four-part seminar is to identify the potential benefits and limitations of learning in groups. The series of four meetings will address issues such as group behaviours in first meetings, the role of the tutor, formality and authority, and collaborative learning. Inevitably the process of the four meetings will exemplify much of what we shall be discussing and the programme is designed to make full use of this. Participants will be invited to prepare a brief presentation of the context within which they teach and the purposes and strategies they pursue in small group or class teaching.

The four meetings will take place on the following Tuesdays: 14 May, 28 May, 11 June, and 17 June, 12 noon–1.45 p.m. (weeks 4, 6, 8 and 9).

To book a place on this or any other of the IAUL's seminars you may either: complete a booking form (available from departmental administrators or equivalent) and return it to the Institute for the Advancement of University Learning, Littlegate House, St Ebbe's, Oxford OX1 1PS; telephone the bookings and enquiries line on Oxford (2)86808; or e-mail:

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It has been decided that any former member of Congregation over the age of seventy-five who is resident in Oxford may continue to receive the Gazette, if he or she so wishes, on application in writing to the Information Office, University Offices, Wellington Square, Oxford OX1 2JD. Such applications must be renewed at the beginning of each academic year.

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The Business Liaison Unit has been set up to build on Oxford's excellent track record of collaboration with industry, and to act as a gateway for high technology business into the University.

The Unit has been established using discrete government funding designed to help higher educational institutions forge closer relations with business. This initiative marks the first step in developing a permanent third stream of funding, alongside teaching and research, from 2003--4 onwards.

In addition to promoting industrial contacts and raising the University's profile within the local business community, the Business Liaison Unit advises companies on appropriate access routes into the University, making sure that that local businesses benefit from the research, consultancy, training, and development that the University offers.

Based at Ewert House in Summertown, the Business Liaison Unit is led by the University's Regional Liaison Director, Joe Barclay (telephone: Oxford (2)80861, e-mail: Mr Barclay is supported by three Business Liaison Managers:

Dr Tony Klepping—Physical Sciences (telephone: (2)80863, e-mail:

Dr Mark Bowman—Life Sciences (telephone: (2)80864, e-mail:

Steven Wilson—IT/Communications (telephone: (2)80866, e-mail:

Any member of the University wishing to find out more about the work of the BLU should contact one of the Business Liaison Managers on the numbers given above. General enquiries should be directed to Nicola Shepard on (telephone: Oxford (2)80862, e-mail:

The Business Liaison Unit's Web address is:

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Statistical Consulting Service

The Department of Statistics offers a Statistical Consulting Service, providing general advice on the application of statistical methods to researchers throughout the University, but primarily in the sciences.

Any researcher wishing to see a consultant should e-mail to, giving a brief description of the problem to be dealt with.

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Vivien Leigh Prize

A prize of £300 is offered by the Ashmolean Museum from the Vivien Leigh Fund for a two-dimensional work of art on paper, not exceeding 55 by 40 centimetres, by an undergraduate member of the University. This work will be chosen, if a work of sufficient merit is submitted to the Print Room by Thursday, 13 June, or from work exhibited at the annual degree show at the Ruskin School of Drawing and Fine Art. It is a condition of the award that the winning work be given to the Ashmolean Museum.

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Curators of the Sheldonian Theatre

Lunchtime lecture-recital

On Monday, 13 May (fourth week), BRIAN HITCH and CLIVE DRISKILL-SMITH will give a short lecture-recital on the new organ in the Sheldonian Theatre at 1 p.m. It is planned to finish before 2 p.m. This new digital instrument created much discussion when it was first mooted some eight years ago, and now that the installation is finally completed the Curators are glad to take this opportunity to allow this complex instrument to be heard and briefly explained. They also welcome comment on the organ, and they have made arrangments for members of the university to play it. This event is open to all and there is no booking procedure or charge.

Music Faculty

CAROLINE BALDING (violin), STEPHEN DEVINE (harpsichord), and GABRIEL AMHERST (cello) will perform chamber music by Arcangelo Corelli and his contemporaries, at 8.30 p.m., on Friday, 10 May, in the chapel, New College. This concert is the second in the Band's year-long series `The Italian Experience'. Tickets, costing £8 (£5 concessions) may be obtained from Tickets Oxford at the Playhouse Box Office, Beaumont Street (telephone: Oxford 305305), or at the door.

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