Examinations and Boards

Contents of this section:

[Note. An asterisk denotes a reference to a previously published or recurrent entry.]

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CHANGES IN REGULATIONS

With the approval of the Educational Policy and Standards Committee of Council, and, where applicable, of divisional boards, the following changes in regulations made by divisional and faculty boards, and the Continuing Education Board, will come into effect on 18 May.

1 Life and Environmental Sciences Board

(a) Honour School of Archaeology and Anthropology

With effect from 1 October 2001 (for first examination in 2002)

In Examination Decrees, 2000, p. 131, ll. 35–6, delete `Committee for Archaeology or Board of the Faculty of Anthropology and Geography' and substitute `Committee for the School of Archaeology or the Committee for the School of Anthropology'.

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(b) Honour School of Human Sciences

With effect from 1 October 2001 (for first examination in 2002)

1 In Examination Decrees, 2000, delete from p. 231, l. 19 to p. 232, l. 25.

2 Ibid, p. 231, l. 26, delete `(iii)' and substitute `(ii)'.

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(c) Degree of Master of Philosophy

With effect from 1 October 2001 (for first examination in 2002)

In Examination Decrees, 2000, p. 635, delete ll. 5–6 and substitute `Within the Division of Life and Environmental Sciences, the course shall be administered by the School of Anthropology. The regulations made by the divisional board are as follows:'.

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(d) M.Phil. in Classical Archaeology

(i) With effect from 1 October 2001 (for first examination in 2002)

1 In Examination Decrees, 2000, p. 584, delete l. 3, and substitute `Within the Division of Life and Environmental Sciences, the course shall be administered by the Committee for the School of Archaeology. The regulations made are as follows:'.

2 Ibid., p. 585, delete from `titles', l. 16, to `Monday', l. 17, and insert `essay titles, countersigned by the supervisor, must be submitted for approval to the Chairman of Examiners by noon on Friday'.

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(ii) With effect from 1 October 2001 (for first examination in 2003)

In Examination Decrees, 2000, p. 585, l. 8, after `examination' insert `and the chosen method of examination'.

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(e) M.Phil. in European Archaeology

(i) With effect from 1 October 2001 (for first examination in 2002)

1 In Examination Decrees, 2000, p. 611, delete l. 28, and substitute `Within the Division of Life and Environmental Sciences, the course shall be administered by the Committee for the School of Archaeology. The regulations made are as follows:'.

2 Ibid., p. 612, delete from `titles', l. 34, to `Monday', l. 35, and insert `essay titles, countersigned by the supervisor, must be submitted for approval to the Chairman of Examiners by noon on Friday'.

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(ii) With effect from 1 October 2001 (for first examination in 2003)

In Examination Decrees, 2000, p. 612, l. 27, after `examination' insert `and the chosen method of examination'.

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(f) M.Phil. in World Archaeology

(i) With effect from 1 October 2001 (for first examination in 2002)

1 In Examination Decrees, 2000, p. 678, delete ll. 25–6, and substitute `Within the Division of Life and Environmental Sciences, the course shall be administered by the Committee for the School of Archaeology. The regulations made are as follows:'.

2 Ibid., p. 678, l. 27, after `Committee for' insert `the School of'.

3 Ibid., p. 679, delete from `titles', l. 27, to `Monday', l. 28, and insert `essay titles, countersigned by the supervisor, must be submitted for approval to the Chairman of Examiners by noon on Friday'.

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(ii) With effect from 1 October 2001 (for first examination in 2003)

In Examination Decrees, 2000, p. 679, l. 20, after `examination' insert `and the chosen method of examination'.

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(g) M.Sc. by Coursework

With effect from 1 October 2001

1 In Examination Decrees, 2000, p. 759, insert new cl. 1 as follows after l.30 and renumber existing cll. 1–8 as 2–9:

`1. Within the Division of Life and Environmental Sciences, the course shall be administered by the Committee for the School of Archaeology. The regulations made are as follows:'.

2 Ibid., p. 760, l. 22, delete `Board of the Faculty of Biological Sciences' and substitute `Life and Environmental Sciences Divisional Board'.

3 Ibid., p. 784, l. 43, delete `Board of the Faculty of Anthropology and Geography' and substitute `Life and Environmental Sciences Divisional Board'.

4 Ibid., p. 785, l. 42, delete `Board of the Faculty of Anthropology and Geography' and substitute `Life and Environmental Sciences Divisional Board'.

5 Ibid., p. 786, l. 44, delete `Board of the Faculty of Biological Sciences' and substitute `Life and Environmental Sciences Divisional Board'.

6 Ibid., p. 790, l. 35, delete `Board of the Faculty of Biological Sciences' and substitute `Life and Environmental Sciences Divisional Board'.

7 Ibid., p. 795, l.15, insert new cl. 1 as follows and renumber existing cll. 1–10 as 2–11:

`1. The Life and Environmental Sciences Divisional Board shall elect for the supervision of the course a Standing Committee, which shall have power to arrange lectures and other instruction. The course director will be responsible to this organising committee.'

8 Ibid., p. 796, ll. 18–9, delete `Graduate Studies Committee of the Board of the Faculty of Anthropology and Geography' and substitute `Organising Committee'.

9 Ibid., ll. 23–4, delete `Graduate Studies Committee of the Board of the Faculty of Anthropology and Geography' and substitute `Organising Committee'.

10 Ibid., l. 29, delete `Board of the Faculty of Anthropology and Geography' and substitute `Life and Environmental Sciences Divisional Board'.

11 Ibid., p. 803, after l. 17 insert new cl. 1 as follows and renumber existing cll. 1–8 as 2–9:

`1. The Life and Environmental Sciences Divisional Board shall elect for the supervision of the course a Standing Committee, which shall have power to arrange lectures and other instruction. The course director will be responsible to this organising committee.'

12 Ibid., p. 813, after l. 15 insert new cl. 1 as follows and renumber existing cll. 1–8 as 2–9:

`1. The Life and Environmental Sciences Divisional Board shall elect for the supervision of the course a Standing Committee, which shall have power to arrange lectures and other instruction. The course director will be responsible to this organising committee.'

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(h) Degree of Master of Studies

With effect from 1 October 2001

1 In Examination Decrees, 2000, p. 687, insert new item 1 as follows after l. 21 and renumber existing regulations 1–9 as 2–10:

`1. Within the Division of Life and Environmental Sciences, the course shall be administered by the Committee for the School of Archaeology. The regulations made are as follows:'.

2 Ibid., p. 693, insert item 1 as follows after l. 22 and renumber existing regulations 1–9 as 2–10:

`1. Within the Division of Life and Environmental Sciences, the course shall be administered by the Committee for the School of Archaeology. The regulations made are as follows:'.

3 Ibid., p. 698, insert item 1 as follows after l. 1 and renumber existing regulations 1–9 as 2–10:

`1. Within the Division of Life and Environmental Sciences, the course shall be administered by the Committee for the School of Archaeology. The regulations made are as follows:'.

4 Ibid., p. 744, insert item 1 as follows after l. 40 and renumber existing regulations 1–9 as 2–10:

`1. Within the Division of Life and Environmental Sciences, the course shall be administered by the Committee for the School of Archaeology. The regulations made are as follows:'.

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(i) M.St. in Classical Archaeology

With effect from 1 October 2001 (for first examination in 2002)

1 In Examination Decrees, 2000, p. 693, l. 23, after `Committee for' insert `the school of'.

2 Ibid., p. 694, l. 3, after `dissertation' insert `, countersigned by the supervisor,'.

3 Ibid., p. 694, ll. 3–4, delete `in time for its meeting in the eighth', and substitute `by noon on the Monday of the seventh'.

4 Ibid., p. 695, delete from `titles', l. 20, to `Monday', l. 22, and insert `essay titles, countersigned by the supervisor, must be submitted for approval to the Chairman of Examiners by noon on Friday'.

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(j) M.St. in European Archaeology

With effect from 1 October 2001 (for first examination in 2002)

1 In Examination Decrees, 2000, p. 698, l. 32, after `dissertation' insert `, countersigned by the supervisor,'.

2 Ibid., p. 698, l. 32, delete `not later than', and insert `by noon on the'.

3 Ibid., p. 699, delete from `titles', l. 19, to `Monday', l. 20, and insert `essay titles, countersigned by the supervisor, must be submitted for approval to the Chairman of Examiners by noon on Friday'.

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(k) M.St. in World Archaeology

With effect from 1 October 2001 (for first examination in 2002)

1 In Examination Decrees, 2000, p. 745, l. 20, after `dissertation', insert `, countersigned by the superivsor,'.

2 Ibid., p. 745, ll. 20–1, delete `in time for its meeting in the eighth', and substitute `by noon on the Monday of the seventh'.

3 Ibid., p. 746, delete from `titles', l. 3, to `Monday', l. 4, and insert `essay titles, countersigned by the supervisor, must be submitted for approval to the Chairman of Examiners by noon on Friday'.

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2 Board of the Faculty of English Language and Literature

Honour School of English Language and Literature

With effect from 1 October 2002 (for first examination in 2003)

1 In Examination Decrees, 2000, p. 201, delete l. 7 and substitute `(d) (i) Marvell, or (ii) Swift, or (iii) Lady Mary Wortley Montagu'.

2 Ibid., delete l. 10 and substitute `(g) (i) Joyce, or (ii) Eliot, or (iii) Woolf'.

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3 Board of the Faculty of Literae Humaniores

(a) Honour Moderations in Classics

With effect from 1 October 2001 (for first examination in 2002)

In Examination Decrees, 2000, at each of p. 37, l. 33; p. 39, l. 35; p. 41, l. 19; p. 43, l. 15; delete `The Elements of Deductive Logic' and substitute `Introduction to Logic'.

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(b) Honour School of Literae Humaniores

With effect from 1 October 2002 (for first examination in 2003)

In Examination Decrees, 2000, p. 255, delete ll. 17–44, and substitute:

`Pliny, Letters I.8, 10; III.9, 13; V.7, 11, 20; VI.5, 13; VIII.24; IX.5; X.8, 15–121 (tr. Loeb or Penguin),
Dio Chrysostom, Orations (or Discourses) 38, 40, 43–9 (tr. Loeb),
Apuleius, Apology (tr. H.E. Butler), The Apologia and Florida of Apuleius of Madaura (1909),
Apuleius, Florida 16, 20 (tr. H.E. Butler), The Apologia and Florida of Apuleius of Madaura (1909),
Fronto, Ad Pium I.8 (Loeb I.236–9); Ad M. Caesarem III.2–5 (Loeb I58–69); Ad Amicos I.1 (Loeb I.282–7); II.7 (Loeb II.176– 87), II (Loeb I.292–5),
Aelius Aristides, Oration 26 (To Rome) 1–14, 28–39, 58–100 (tr. with notes by C.A. Behr, The Complete Works (1981–6)), II.73–97 (tr. with commentary by J.H. Oliver, The Ruling Power (1953)),
Aelius Aristides, Oration 30 (= Sacred Tales 4), 68–108 (tr. with
notes by C.A. Behr, The Complete Works (1981–6)), II.318–39 (also
in C.A. Behr; Aelius Aristides and the Sacred Tales (1968), 253–77)),
Lucian, Alexander, or the False Prophet; Peregrinos (both tr. Loeb),
Epictetus, Discourses III.7, 13; IV.7 (tr. Loeb),
Philostratus, Lives of the Sophists, preface; I.introduction; I.8 (Favorinus), 21 (Scopelian), 25 (Polemo); II.1 (Herodes), 2 (Theodotus), 9 (Aristeides), 23 (Damianus), 24 (Antipater) (tr. Loeb),
Plutrarch, Precepts of Statecraft 17–20, 25–32 (tr. Loeb Plutarch, Moralia X.234–53, 262–99),
P.A. Brunt, Select Texts from the Digest (copies are available from the Classics Office),
H.A. Musurillo, Acts of the Christian Martyrs (1972) nos. 1, 6, 8,
Eusebius, Ecclesiastical History IV.8–9, 26; V.1 (tr. Loeb or Penguin),
Tertullian, Apologeticum, 1–2, 37–50 (tr. Loeb),
J. Stevenson (ed.), A New Eusebius (revised by W.H.C. Frend, 1987), nos. 31–2, 34–6, 39, 41, 92, 110, 111, 112–16, 117, 136.

Inscriptions and other documentary material:

N. Lewis and M. Reinhold, Roman Civilization (3rd edn, 1990), II.186–9, 231–337,
J.H. Oliver, The Ruling Power (1953), 958–63 (oil law of Hadrian), Hesperia 24 (1955), 340–3 (s.c. on reduction of costs of gladiators),
J.H. Oliver, Marcus Aurelius: Aspects of Civic and Cultural Policy in the East (Hesperia Supp. 13, 1970), 1–33 (with emendations by C.P. Jones, ZPE 8 (1971), 161–83) (Herodes Atticus and his enemies),
Journal of Roman Studies 63 (1973), 86–7 (tr. in Lewis and Reinhold II.56–8) (tabula Banasitana),
Journal of Roman Studies 74 (1984), 173–80 (Palmyra tax law),
Journal of Roman Studies 76 (1986), 182–99 (lex Irnitana) (selection available from the Classics Office),
Journal of Roman Studies 80 (1990), 183–7 (Demostheneia at Oenoanda).
G.M. Rogers, Sacred Identity of Ephesos: Foundation Myths of a Roman City (1991), 152–85 (Vibius Salutaris).'

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4 Board of the Faculty of Literae Humaniores and Social Sciences Board

Preliminary Examination for Philosophy, Politics, and Economics

With effect from 1 October 2001 (for first examination in 2002)

In Examination Decrees, 2000, p. 97, ll. 11–13, delete `Philosophical questions about ... the starred sections' and substitute `Philosophical questions about logic may be studied by reading Mark Sainsbury, Logical Forms, 1st or 2nd edition (Blackwell) Chapters 1, 2, and 4, omitting Chapter 4, sections 12 and 18–20'.

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5 Board of the Faculty of Literae Humaniores and Mathematical and Physical Sciences Board

Honour Moderations in Mathematics and Philosophy

With effect from 1 October 2001 (for first examination in 2002)

In Examination Decrees, 2000, p. 53, ll. 27–9, delete `Philosophical questions about ... the starred sections' and substitute `Philosophical questions about logic may be studied by reading Mark Sainsbury, Logical Forms, 1st or 2nd edition (Blackwell) Chapters 1, 2, and 4, omitting Chapter 4, sections 12 and 18–20'.

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6 Boards of the Faculties of Literae Humaniores and Modern History

Honour School of Ancient and Modern History

With effect from 1 October 2002 (for first examination in 2003)

In Examination Decrees, 2000, p. 127, delete ll. 9–36, and substitute:

`Pliny, Letters I.8, 10; III.9, 13; V.7, 11, 20; VI.5, 13; VIII.24; IX.5; X.8, 15–121 (tr. Loeb or Penguin),
Dio Chrysostom, Orations (or Discourses) 38, 40, 43–9 (tr. Loeb),
Apuleius, Apology (tr. H.E. Butler), The Apologia and Florida of Apuleius of Madaura (1909),
Apuleius, Florida 16, 20 (tr. H.E. Butler), The Apologia and Florida of Apuleius of Madaura (1909),
Fronto, Ad Pium I.8 (Loeb I.236–9); Ad M. Caesarem III.2–5 (Loeb I58–69); Ad Amicos I.1 (Loeb I.282–7); II.7 (Loeb II.176– 87), II (Loeb I.292–5),
Aelius Aristides, Oration 26 (To Rome) 1–14, 28–39, 58–100 (tr. with notes by C.A. Behr, The Complete Works (1981–6)), II.73–97 (tr. with commentary by J.H. Oliver, The Ruling Power (1953)),
Aelius Aristides, Oration 30 (= Sacred Tales 4), 68–108 (tr. with
notes by C.A. Behr, The Complete Works (1981–6)), II.318–39 (also
in C.A. Behr; Aelius Aristides and the Sacred Tales (1968), 253–77)),
Lucian, Alexander, or the False Prophet; Peregrinos (both tr. Loeb),
Epictetus, Discourses III.7, 13; IV.7 (tr. Loeb),
Philostratus, Lives of the Sophists, preface; I. introduction; I.8 (Favorinus), 21 (Scopelian), 25 (Polemo); II.1 (Herodes), 2 (Theodotus), 9 (Aristeides), 23 (Damianus), 24 (Antipater) (tr. Loeb),
Plutrarch, Precepts of Statecraft 17–20, 25–32 (tr. Loeb Plutarch, Moralia X.234–53, 262–99),
P.A. Brunt, Select Texts from the Digest (copies are available from the Classics Office),
H.A. Musurillo, Acts of the Christian Martyrs (1972) nos. 1, 6, 8,
Eusebius, Ecclesiastical History IV.8–9, 26; V.1 (tr. Loeb or Penguin),
Tertullian, Apologeticum, 1–2, 37–50 (tr. Loeb),
J. Stevenson (ed.), A New Eusebius (revised by W.H.C. Frend, 1987), nos. 31–2, 34–6, 39, 41, 92, 110, 111, 112–16, 117, 136.

Inscriptions and other documentary material:

N. Lewis and M. Reinhold, Roman Civilization (3rd edn, 1990), II.186–9, 231–337,
J.H. Oliver, The Ruling Power (1953), 958–63 (oil law of Hadrian), Hesperia 24 (1955), 340–3 (s.c. on reduction of costs of gladiators),
J.H. Oliver, Marcus Aurelius: Aspects of Civic and Cultural Policy in the East (Hesperia Supp. 13, 1970), 1–33 (with emendations by C.P. Jones, ZPE 8 (1971), 161–83) (Herodes Atticus and his enemies),
Journal of Roman Studies 63 (1973), 86–7 (tr. in Lewis and Reinhold II.56–8) (tabula Banasitana),
Journal of Roman Studies 74 (1984), 173–80 (Palmyra tax law),
Journal of Roman Studies 76 (1986), 182–99 (lex Irnitana) (selection available from the Classics Office),
Journal of Roman Studies 80 (1990), 183–7 (Demostheneia at Oenoanda).
G.M. Rogers, Sacred Identity of Ephesos: Foundation Myths of a Roman City (1991), 152–85 (Vibius Salutaris).'

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7 Boards of the Faculties of Literae Humaniores and Oriental Studies

Honour School of Oriental Studies

With effect from 1 October 2003 (for first examination in 2004)

1 In Examination Decrees, 2000, p. 447, delete ll. 3–4.

2 Ibid., p. 462, delete ll. 16–17.

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8 Board of the Faculty of Modern History

(a) Honour School of Modern History

With effect from 1 October 2001 (for first examination in 2002)

1 In Examination Decrees, 2000, p. 304, 1.6, delete `1' and substitute `4'.

2 Ibid., l. 9, after `III', insert `IV'.

3 Ibid., l. 9, delete `V' and substitute `VI'.

4 Ibid., l. 10, delete `IV, Special Subject' and substitute `Special Subject (V below)'.

5 Ibid., delete ll. 11–15.

6 Ibid., delete ll. 28–30.

7 Ibid., ll. 33–6, delete `Candidates will paper.'

8 Ibid., l. 37, delete `(IV) and (V)' and substitute `(V) and (VI)'.

9 Ibid., l. 40, delete `VI' and substitute VII'.

10 Ibid., delete ll. 41–4 and substitute `II. General History: any one of the listed periods in the following three groups.'

11 Ibid., p. 305, delete ll. 1–32.

12 Ibid., l. 34 delete `VI' and substitute `VII'.

13 Ibid., delete l. 35 to p. 367, l. 4 and substitute:

`III. EITHER a second period of British History OR a second period of General History OR a thesis, in accordance with the detailed regulation stated below under VII Theses.

The five periods of British and General History offered by a candidate in Honour Moderations and the Honour School or four periods if a thesis is offered to satisfy requirement III (above) or requirements IV or V(b) (below) must include at least one from each of the following period groups

1. Medieval History

(i) c.300–1087; (II) 1042–1330; General History (taken in Honour Moderations): I: 370–900, II: 1000–300; (taken in the Final Honour School): (i) 285–476, (ii) 476–750, (iii) 700–900, (iv) 900–1122, (v) 1122–1273, (vi) 1273–1409.

2. Early Modern History

(III) 1330–1550, (IV) 1500–1700; General History (taken in Honour Moderations): III: 1400–1650; (taken in the Final Honour School): (vii) 1409–1525; (viii) 1517–1618, (ix) 1618–1715.

3. Modern History

(V) British History 1685–1830; (VI) since 1830, General History (taken in Honour Moderations): VI: 1815–1914; (taken in the Final Honour School): (x) 1715–99; (xi) 1799–1856; (xii) 1856–1914; (xiii) 1914–45; (xiv) 1941–73, (xv) History of the United States 1600–1830, (xvi) History of the United States since 1815, (xvii) Europe and the Wider World 1815–1914. Candidates with Senior Student status, and candidates who have passed the First Public Examination in a course other than Modern History are required to offer at least one paper in British History and one in General History, to be taken from two out of the three period groups (1. Medieval History, 2. Early Modern History, 3. Modern History).

Candidates who have taken the Foundation Course in Modern History rather than Honour Moderations are required to offer at least one paper which relates to a period between 285 and 1409 (this may be taken to include Periods (i) or (II) of the History of the British Isles).

If two periods of General History are offered by any student, they must be taken from two of the three different groups (Group A, Group B, Group C) listed above under II.

IV. Further Subject: any one of the Further Subjects specified below.

1. Anglo-Saxon Archaeology of the Early Christian Period

2. The Near East in the Age of Justinian and Muhammad 527–c.700

3. The Carolingian Renaissance

4. The Crusades

5. Culture and Society in Early Renaissance Italy 1290–1348

6. Flanders and Italy in the Quattrocento 1420–80

7. Literature and Politics in Early Modern England

8. English Society in the Seventeenth Century

9. Society and Government in France 1610–1715

10. British Economic and Social History 1700–1870

11. The American Revolution and Constitution

12. Culture and Society in France from Voltaire to Balzac

13. Intellect and Culture in Victorian Britain

14. Literature, Politics and Society in France 1870–1914

15. Imperialism and Nationalism 1830–1966

16. Modern Japan 1868–1972

17. British Economic History since 1870 (as prescribed for the Honour School of Philosophy, Politics, and Economics)

18. British Economic History since 1870 (as prescribed for the Honour School of Philosophy, Politics, and Economics)

19. Revolutionary Mexico 1910–40

20. Political and Social Thought, either Part I: Scholasticism and Humanism or Part II: The Science of Society 1650– 1800 or Part III: Political Theory and Social Science

21. Nationalism, Politics and Culture in Ireland c.1870– 1921

22. A Comparative History of the First World War, 1914–20

23. The Soviet Union, 1924–41.

V. Special Subject, consisting of

(a) a paper including compulsory passages for comment; (b) a second paper.

1. From Julian the Apostate to St Augustine 350–96

2. Francia in the Age of Clovis and Gregory of Tours

3. Byzantium in the Age of Constantine Porphyrogenitus 913–59

4. The Norman Conquest of England

5. Saint Francis and Saint Clare

6. Politics, Heresy, and Propaganda in France 1294–1314

7. Lancaster and York 1444–61

8. The High Renaissance in Rome and Florence 1478–1513

9. Government, Politics, and Society in England, 1547–58

10. The Scientific Movement in the Seventeenth Century

11. Commonwealth and Protectorate 1647–58

12. English Architecture 1660–1720

13. Politics, Reform, and Imperial Crisis 1774–84

14. Church, State, and English Society 1829–54

15. Slavery, Emancipation, and the Crisis of the Union 1857–75

16. Political Pressures and Social Policy, 1899–1914

17. The Cuban Revolution and the end of the Spanish Empire, 1892–1900

18. The Russian Revolution of 1917

19. India, 1916–34; Indigenous Politics and Imperial Control

20. The New Deal 1933–41

21. The Development of the Third Reich 1934–41

22. France from the Popular Front to the Liberation 1936–44

23. War and reconstruction: ideas, politics and social change 1939–45.

A thesis may be offered in place of IV or V(b) provided that a thesis has not been offered to satisfy requirement III, in accordance with the detailed regulations stated below under VII theses.

Depending on the availability of teaching resources, not all Further and Special Subjects will be available to all candidates in every year. Candidates may obtain details of the choice of options for the following year by consulting lists posted at the beginning of the week four of Hilary Full Term in the Modern History Faculty and circulated to Modern History Tutors.

VI. Comparative History and Historiography: an extended essay.

Candidates shall be examined in Comparative History and Historiography by means of an extended essay, which shall not exceed 7,500 words (excluding footnotes, references, and bibliography) and shall be on a topic or theme chosen from a list circulated by the examiners by the end of Fifth Week of the Trinity Term of the year prior to the examination. The examiners' list shall be drawn from a syllabus approved by the Modern History Faculty Board, details of which shall be circulated to candidates at the beginning of the first Michaelmas Term of their work for the Honour School in the course handbook.

Candidates will be expected to demonstrate a detailed knowledge of either at least two societies or historical periods or a representative number of relevant historians.

Essays should be typed and should conform to the standards of academic presentation prescribed in the course handbook.

Essays (two copies) must be delivered by hand to the Examination Schools by 12 noon on the Friday of the Eighth Week of the Hilary Term immediately preceding the examination; candidates delivering essays will be required to complete a receipt form, which will only be accepted as proof of receipt if it is countersigned by a member of the Examination Schools staff. Each essay must be accompanied by a sealed envelope (bearing only the candidate's examination number) containing a formal declaration signed by the candidate that the essay is his or her own work. The University's regulations on Late Entries will apply. Any candidate may be examined viva voce.

VII. Theses

1. Any candidate may offer an Optional Thesis.

2. Any candidate may offer a thesis EITHER in fulfilment of clause III above, OR in place of a Further Subject (IV above) or the essay paper of the Special Subject (V(b) above).

3. A candidate may submit

(a) any essay or part of any essay which the candidate has submitted or intends to submit for any university essay prize; or

(b) any other work

provided in either case that (i) no thesis will be accepted if it has already been submitted, wholly or substantially, for a final honour school other than one involving Modern History, or another degree of this University, or a degree of any other university, and (ii) the candidate submits a statement to that effect, and (iii) the subject is approved by the Chairman of the Examiners for the Honour School of Modern History.

The provisos in cl. 3 above shall not debar any candidate from submitting work based on a previous submission towards the requirements for a degree of any other university provided that

(i) the work is substantially new;

(ii) the candidate also submits both the original work itself and a statement specifying the extent of what is new.

The examiners shall have sole authority to decide in every case whether proviso (i) to this clause has been met.

4. Every candidate intending to offer a thesis except as defined in cl. 3(a) must submit the title proposed together with the written approval of a supervisor or tutor to the Chairman of the Examiners for the Honour School of Modern History, the History Faculty, Broad Street, Oxford not earlier than the beginning of Trinity Full Term in the year preceding that in which the candidate takes the examination and not later than Friday of the first week of the following Hilary Full Term. The chairman shall decide whether or not to approve the title, consulting the faculty board if so desired, and shall advise the candidate as soon as possible. Candidates who have given notice that they propose to offer a thesis instead of a Further Subject or paper (b) of a Special Subject may withdraw that notice not later than Friday of the eighth week of Hilary Full Term in the year of examination.

5. Theses should normally include an investigation of relevant printed or unprinted primary sources, and must include proper references and a select bibliography. They must be the work of the author alone. In all cases, the candidate's tutor or supervisor shall discuss with the candidate the field of study, the sources available, and the methods of presentation. In the case of an optional thesis, the tutor or supervisor may read and comment on a first draft. In the case of thesis submitted in lieu of a paper, the tutor or supervisor shall set essential background and further reading, and shall read not more than two draft parts or chapters of the thesis and comment upon them.

6. No thesis offered above shall exceed 15,000 words in length (including footnotes, appendices, and bibliographies). Any such theses may be shorter. All such theses must be typed in double spacing on one side of quarto or A4 paper with the notes and references at the foot of each page, and must be bound or held firmly in a stiff cover.

7. All candidates must submit two copies of their theses, addressed to the Chairman of the Examiners, Honour School of Modern History, Examination Schools, Oxford, not later than noon on Monday of the first week of Trinity Full Term in which they are presenting themselves for examination. Every candidate shall present a certificate, signed by him or herself and by a college tutor, in a separate envelope bearing the candidate's examination number, addressed to the Chairman of the Examiners. The certificate (forms are available from the Faculty Office) should declare that (a) the thesis is the candidate's own work, (b) that no substantial portion of it has been presented for any other degree course or examination, (c) that it does not exceed 15,000 words in length.

8. Every thesis shall be the candidate's own work. Every candidate shall sign a certificate to the effect that the thesis is his or her own work, and his or her tutor or supervisor shall countersign the certificate confirming that, to the best of his or her knowledge and belief, this statement is true. This certificate shall be presented together with the thesis, in a separate sealed envelope addressed to the Chairman of Examiners.

9. Candidates shall not answer in any other paper, with the exception of Comparative History and Historiography (VI), questions which fall very largely within the scope of their thesis. No candidate may present a thesis in replacement of a period of General or of British History, the subject matter of which falls within the parameters of a Further or Special Subject paper which the candidate proposes to offer.

10. the above regulations shall apply mutatis mutandis to all theses submitted under IV (Further Subjects) and V (Special Subjects).'

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(b) Honour School of Modern History and Economics

With effect from 1 October 2001 (for first examination in 2002)

1 In Examination Decrees, 2000, p. 366, l. 18, delete `VI' and substitute `VII'.

2 Ibid., l. 31, delete `first' and substitute `fourth'.

3 Ibid., l. 36, delete `second' and substitute `first', and delete `Michaelmas' and substitute `Hilary'.

4 Ibid., l. 48, delete `VI' and substitute `VII'.

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(c) Honour School of Modern History and English

With effect from 1 October 2001 (for first examination in 2002)

1 In Examination Decrees, 2000, p. 370, l. 18, delete `first' and substitute `fourth'.

2 Ibid., l. 23, delete `second' and substitute `first', and delete `Michaelmas' and substitute `Hilary'.

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(d) Honour School of Modern History and Modern Languages

With effect from 1 October 2001 (for first examination in 2002)

1 In Examination Decrees, 2000, p. 375, l. 5, delete `VI' and substitute `VII'.

2 Ibid., p. 376, l. 23, delete `first' and substitute `fourth'.

3 Ibid., p. 376, l. 28, delete `second' and substitute `first', and delete `Michaelmas' and substitute `Hilary'.

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(e) Honour School of Modern History and Politics

With effect from 1 October 2001 (for first examination in 2002)

1 In Examination Decrees, 2000, p. 380, l. 25, delete `VI' and substitute `VII'.

2 Ibid., p. 380, l. 36, delete `first' and substitute `fourth'.

3 Ibid., p. 380, l. 41, delete `second' and substitute `first', and delete `Michaelmas' and substitute `Hilary'.

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(f) Honour School of Ancient and Modern History

With effect from 1 October 2001 (for first examination in 2002)

1 In Examination Decrees, 2000, p. 126, l. 8, delete `first' and substitute `fourth'.

2 Ibid., l. 15, delete `second' and substitute `first'.

3 Ibid., l. 16, delete `Michaelmas' and substitute `Hilary'.

4 Ibid., p. 128, l. 48, delete `V' and substitute `VI'.

5 Ibid., l. 50, delete `VI' and substitute `VII'.

6 Ibid., p. 129, l. 3, delete `VI' and substitute `VII'.

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9 Board of the Faculty of Music

Honour School of Music

With effect from 1 October 2001 (for first examination in 2002)

In Examination Decrees, 2000, p. 412, after l. 11 insert:

`Candidates may offer self-accompanied vocal performance, which will be judged on both the singing and playing elements. They may not, however, propose a programme on more than one instrument in turn (such as violin and cello), other than such as might occur in the context of normal recital convention. Any candidate contemplating such a proposal should seek early advice from the Chairman of the Faculty Board, whose decision on behalf of the Board will be final.'

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10 Board of the Faculty of Theology

(a) B.Th.

(i) With immediate effect

1 In Examination Decrees, 2000, p. 552, l. 2, after `later than' insert `noon on'.

2 Ibid., p. 558, l. 12, after `later than' insert `noon on'.

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(ii) With immediate effect

1 In Examination Decrees, 2000, p. 550, l. 34, before `The length' insert `(For those candidates admitted before 1 October 2000)'.

2 Ibid., p. 557, after l. 11, insert `(For those candidates admitted after 1 October 2000)'.

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(b) Certificate for Theology Graduates

With effect from 1 October 2001 (for first examination in 2002)

In Examination Decrees, 2000, p. 1033, delete ll. 3–11 and substitute:

`Candidates for the Certificate for Theology Graduates must have obtained an Honours or Joint Honours Degree in Theology. Candidates for the one-year course must have obtained at least second class honours. Candidates for the one-year course who have not taken the Honour School of Theology in Oxford must apply to the Supervisory Committee.'

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(c) M.St. in Theology (Research)

With effect from 1 October 2001 (for first examination in 2002)

1 In Examination Decrees, 2000, p. 741, delete ll. 32–3, and substitute:

`(b) EITHER an essay of 5,000–7,000 words on a subject proposed by the candidate, and approved by the Faculty Board, OR, with the permission of the Faculty Board, an examination in Old Testament exegesis.'

2 Ibid, l. 38, after `(b)' insert `EITHER'.

3 Ibid, after l. 41, insert:

`OR with the permission of the Faculty Board, an essay of 5,000–7,000 words on a subject proposed by the candidate and approved by the Faculty Board'.

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11 Continuing Education Board

Undergraduate Advanced Diploma in Environmental Conservation

With effect from 1 October 2002 (for first examination in 2003)

In Examination Decrees, 2000, p. 1020, after l. 19, insert:

`Advanced Diploma in Environmental Conservation

1. COURSE

(a) The course will consist of lectures, classes, seminars and tutorials in Environmental Conservation. The course, which is available on a part-time basis only, will normally be taken over a period of two, and no more than five, years.

(b) The subjects of the course of study will be taught in two one-year modules, entitled:

1 Environmental Change and Issues

2 Conservation Management

One module will be offered each year.

2. Every candidate will be required to satisfy the examiners in the following:

(a) Attendance at the taught courses and at practical fieldwork sessions;

(b) Eight assignments of between 2,000 and 2,500 words in length, based on the taught courses;

(c) Two field notebooks based on the practical fieldwork;

(d) One long assignment of up to 5,000 words (including appendices);

(e) A dissertation of up to 10,000 words (including appendices) on a topic agreed by the Board of Studies.

Assignments under 2(b)–2(d) and the dissertation under (e) will be forwarded to the examiners for consideration by such dates as the examiners shall determine and shall notify candidates.

3. Candidates may be required to attend a viva voce examination at the end of the course of studies.

4. The examiners may award a distinction to candidates for the Advanced Diploma.

5. Candidates who fail to satisfy the examiners in the assignments under 2(b)–2(d), or the dissertation under 2(e), or both, may be permitted to resubmit work in respect of the part or parts of the examination which they have failed for examination on not more than one occasion which shall normally be within one year of the initial failure.'

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EXAMINATIONS FOR THE DEGREE OF DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY

The examiners appointed by the following divisional and faculty boards give notice of oral examination of their candidates as follows:

Medical Sciences

A. COPPELL, Oriel: `Antidepressant interactions with neurotrophins'.
Green College, Tuesday, 15 May, 2.30 p.m.
Examiners: N. Osborne, G. Curzon.

G. JOHNSON, Lincoln: `The genetics of type 1 diabetes'.
Wellcome trust Centre for Human Genetics, Tuesday, 15 May, 1 p.m.
Examiners: A.P. Monaco, D. Easton.

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Social Sciences

J. BOHNEN, St Cross: `The transformation of German defence policy (1989–97): the struggle to achieve a new consensus'.
Christ Church, Monday, 14 May, 2.15 p.m.
Examiners: J.R.C. Wright, W.E. Paterson.

N. DANARAJ, St Antony's: `Creating technological capabilities in Malaysia'.
Nuffield, Wednesday, 16 May, 2 p.m.
Examiners: A. Hurrell, J. Clegg.

M. SCHULTZE-KRAFT, St Antony's: `The quest for democratic civility: pacification and civil–military relations in post-conflict Central America'.
Examination Schools, Thursday, 24 May, 2.45 p.m.
Examiners: D. Browning, J. Dunkerley.

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Anthropology and Geography

S. KASSAM-JAN, St Antony's: `Gender, identity, and development among the Wakhi of northern Pakistan'.
Examination Schools, Friday, 18 May, 11 a.m.
Examiners: D. Chatty, M. Unnithan.

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English Language and Literature

S. MOSS, Linacre: `The Round Earth's Imagined Corners: the influence of voyaging and Polar travel writing on English Romanticism'.
Somerville, Wednesday, 20 June, 11 a.m.
Examiners: F. Stafford, P. Fielding.

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Literae Humaniores

A. JEFFERY, Wadham: `Feminist deconstruction and the possibility of practice: an assessment with reference to Kant'.
St Hugh's, Thursday, 7 June, 2 p.m.
Examiners: A.W. Moore, A. Assister.

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Modern History

I. MELICONI, Linacre: `From tools to machines and from the workshop to the factory: the British scientific instrument trade, 1862–1900'.
Examination Schools, Tuesday, 22 May, 10 a.m.
Examiners: R. Fox, G.J.N. Gooday.

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Physical Sciences

S. WILLIAMS-DARYN, Oriel: `Characterisation of clay/ surfactant/oil systems'.
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry Laboratory, Friday, 11 May, 11 a.m.
Examiners: R.G. Compton, T. Rayment.

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Theology

A. BARSAM, Mansfield: ` "Reverence for life": Albert Schweitzer's mystical theology and ethics'.
Christ Church, Friday, 25 May, 10 a.m.
Examiners: J. Webster, N. Biggar.

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