Notices

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[Note. An asterisk denotes a reference to a previously published or recurrent entry.]

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UNIVERSITY PREACHERS

Trinity Term 1999

Thursday, 22 April, at 8 a.m. THE REVD PHILIP URSELL, Principal of Pusey House, Fellow of St Cross College, Celebrant. Holy Communion (Latin). At St Mary's.

Sunday, 25 April, at 10 a.m. THE REVD CANON JOHN MACQUARRIE, FBA, Emeritus Lady Margaret Professor of Divinity, Emeritus Student of Christ Church. (St Mark's Day Sermon.) At Magdalen College.

Sunday, 2 May, at 10 a.m. THE RT REVD AND RT HON LORD HABGOOD OF CALVERTON, sometime Archbishop of York. (Fourth Bampton Lecture: `Varieties of unbelief—moral autonomy'.) At St Mary's.

Sunday, 9 May, at 10 a.m. THE RT REVD AND RT HON LORD HABGOOD. (Fifth Bampton Lecture: `Varieties of unbelief—all or none'.) At St Mary's.

Sunday, 16 May, at 10 a.m. THE RT REVD AND RT HON LORD HABGOOD. (Sixth Bampton Lecture: `Varieties of unbelief—anorexia religiosa'.) At St Mary's.

* Whit Sunday, 23 May, at 10 a.m. THE VERY REVD CANON ROBERT JEFFERY, Sub-Dean and Canon of Christ Church. At the Cathedral.

* Trinity Sunday, 30 May, at 10 a.m. MRS SUSAN HOWATCH, Novelist. At Keble College.

Sunday, 6 June, at 10 a.m. THE RT REVD AND RT HON LORD HABGOOD. (Seventh Bampton Lecture: `Varieties of unbelief—the presence of an absence'.) At St Mary's.

Sunday, 13 June, at 10 a.m. THE RT REVD AND RT HON LORD HABGOOD. (Eighth Bampton Lecture: `Varieties of unbelief—believing in belief'.) At St Mary's.

* Commemoration Sunday, 20 June, at 10 a.m. THE VERY REVD DR JOHN SIMPSON, Dean of Canterbury. At St Mary's.

Sunday, 27 June, at 10 a.m. THE MOST REVD JEAN-MARIE CARDINAL LUSTIGER, Archbishop of Paris. (St John Baptist's Day Sermon.) At Magdalen College.

* On these days Doctors will wear their robes.

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CHICHELE PROFESSORSHIP OF PUBLIC INTERNATIONAL LAW

ALAN VAUGHAN LOWE (LL.B., LL.M., PH.D. Wales, MA Cambridge), Fellow, and Warden of Leckhampton, Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, and Reader in International Law, University of Cambridge, has been appointed to the professorship with effect from a date to be arranged.

Dr Lowe will be a fellow of All Souls College.

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PROFESSORSHIP OF TRANSPLANTATION

PETER JOHN FRIEND (MA, MD Cambridge), University Lecturer, Department of Surgery, University of Cambridge, Honorary Consultant Surgeon, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, and Fellow and Director of Studies in Medicine, Magdalene College, Cambridge, has been appointed to the professorship with effect from 1 October 1999.

Mr Friend will be a fellow of Green College.

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CONFERMENT OF THE TITLE OF VISITING PROFESSOR

On the recommendation of the Mathematical Sciences Board, the General Board has conferred the title of Visiting Professor in Software Engineering on M. THOMAS (B.SC. London, HON. D.SC. Hull), Chairman Emeritus, Praxis Critical Systems Ltd., for the period until 18 April 2003.

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PHYSICAL AND THEORETICAL CHEMISTRY LABORATORY

On the recommendation of the Physical Sciences Board, the General Board has assigned the Physical and Theoretical Chemistry Laboratory to PROFESSOR G. HANCOCK, MA, Fellow of Trinity College and Professor of Chemistry, for a period of one year from 1 October 1999.

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SUB-DEPARTMENT OF ASTROPHYSICS

On the recommendation of the Physical Sciences Board, the General Board has assigned the Sub-department of Astrophysics to PROFESSOR J.I. SILK, Fellow of New College and Savilian Professor of Astronomy, for a period of five years form 1 October 1999.

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SUB-DEPARTMENT OF ATOMIC AND LASER PHYSICS

On the recommendation of the Physical Sciences Board, the General Board has assigned the Sub-department of Atomic and Laser Physics to PROFESSOR K. BURNETT, MA, D.PHIL., Fellow of St John's College and Professor of Chemistry, for a period of five years from 1 October 1999.

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SUB-DEPARTMENT OF THEORETICAL PHYSICS

On the recommendation of the Physical Sciences Board, the General Board has assigned the Sub-department of Theoretical Physics to PROFESSOR D. SHERRINGTON, MA, Fellow of New College and Wykeham Professor of Physics, for a period of five years from 1 October 1999.

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ROCHE PRIZE IN LABORATORY MEDICINE 1999

The Prize has been awarded to MARTIN W.G. SCOTT-BROWN.

Proxime accesserunt: GARETH J. FORBES and NICOLA L. JONES.

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PUSEY AND ELLERTON JUNIOR PRIZE

A Junior Prize has been awarded to PHILIP MCCOSKER, St Benet's Hall.

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ORATION BY THE SENIOR PROCTOR

The following Oration was delivered in Congregation on 17 March by R.W. AINSWORTH, MA, D.PHIL., Fellow of St Catherine's College, on demitting office as Senior Proctor.

SENIOR PROCTOR: Insignissime Vice-Cancellarie, licetne Anglice loqui?

VICE-CHANCELLOR: Licet.

SENIOR PROCTOR: This is the moment, I hope you will allow, for the 750th set of Proctors, and the last of the Millennium, not only to report on matters of interest in our year, but to set these in the historical context of the activities of our predecessors and our contemporaries. Contemporary might be regarded as anything beyond the half-way point, 1623.

I am frequently asked what it is that we do, and this is usually followed on my part by a very long intake of breath. `Uphold the statutes' is usually regarded as too trite a representation. `Our role is partly disciplinary, partly administrative and partly ceremonial'sounds too boring. The easiest way today is to paint a picture based on some of the memorable events—perhaps of the Impressionists' school.

Proctoring, in a way, is an amazingly seasonal job, and this is reflected by the admission date. In my view mid March is chosen so that the Proctors, particularly the Junior Proctor, are well and truly warmed up in every respect by the peak examination season in June. The Proctors have responsibility to oversee the whole of the undergraduate and postgraduate system of exams, and I estimate for Junior Members taking written papers this involves some four thousand students, six thousand seven hundred papers, twenty thousand hours of writing, ten thousand bottles of fizz popped, and nine hundred and twenty four Bulldog hours in trying to keep control outside. For the Proctors it has meant assessing three hundred and twenty three medical certificates and seventy eight cases of dyslexia, scrutinising the appointment of examiners, liaising over exam- timetabling, policing the invigilation of the exams, and then being ready for the consequent release of student tension afterwards. Our predecessors were somewhat smug about the reduction in number of so- called Schools cases in the Proctors' Court, in their year forty. Our year has seen a definite increase of `trashing' offences—fizzing, spraying, splatting of champagne, Ribena, eggs, syrup, and baked beans. But this year I believe that a greater degree of sportsmanship has been shown on both sides. The Junior Proctor has even had me running in pursuit of an undergraduate, and no doubt our improved statistics are due to my greater athletic prowess than that shown by my immediate predecessor, Martin Ceadel. Only a very few students have been churlish enough to try to avoid Proctorial justice by using such unimaginatively false names as Peter Pumpkin and Ben Dover, and since the giving of a false name now counts as obstruction, they usually finish up in a deeper mire.

The Proctors' Court, where we act firstly as investigators, and then as prosecution, judge, and jury is still withstanding the test of time. Yes, there is truth in the rumour that the Junior Proctor practises his lines in front of a mirror every morning. `You have as much chance of being found not guilty in the Proctors' Court as a defendant in a Tudor Treason Trial.' Or before proceedings even begin, `Anyone who has committed the offences you have, would undoubtedly have the gall to deny them.' Only once in the opening of a case did I make the mistake of misreading my script by saying `when you have been found guilty you will have the opportunity to appeal.' The truth of the matter is that the system has worked well in that of the 111 cases, only two people were sufficiently unhappy as to appeal. Interestingly enough, in one case of use of unfair means in an examination, we decided on an academic penalty which ultimately was seen as fair by the student and the college involved, but which was objected to by the examiners, on the grounds that they thought Proctors could only apply monetary penalties. Whilst I am quite sure that our logic of the requirement for this would have won the day, our Clerk had been wise enough to phrase our decision as a recommendation, which they were able to accept, thus avoiding a constitutional crisis.

Proceedings in our Proctors' Courts have always started with a standard piece text where we introduce ourselves to the quivering party, explaining that we have a duty to uphold the Statutes. The charge is then read out, always related to the appropriate place in the Proctors' and Assessor's Memorandum—the bible of acceptable behaviour. The origin of this tome, which is updated once a year, relates to the edicts which used to be dispersed as individual notices throughout the University.

I have done some digging for information in the Archives for my oration today, but what follows hasn't made it there yet—the 1926 Proctors' Memorandum still sits in our office. I quail at the workload we would now have if those rules were still in play:

`An undergraduate may not make an ascent by aeroplane, airship or balloon, except with the written consent of his parent.'

`Undergraduates are forbidden (under severe penalties) to visit the bar of any hotel, restaurant or public-house.'

Hotels and restaurants approved by the Proctors included the Good Luck Tea-Rooms, the Lantern, the Shamrock, and the King's Arms—some things don't change.

`Undergraduates may not take instruction in dancing except from teachers licensed by the Proctors, including Miss April Elvey, of the Dragon School, and Miss Norah Marks, Messrs Taphouses' Rooms.'

`It is expected that undergraduates will not loiter in the public streets, at coffee-stalls, or at the stage door of a theatre.'

By 1942, this had been modified to include `shall not loiter...in motor cars, or to frequent resorts at which undesirable acquaintances are likely to be made.' Our modern equivalent is what we call our `no gathering' rule.

How could we have removed the next one—`It is a serious offence to obstruct or annoy an Officer or Servant of the University in the discharge of his duty.'

One final comment on the Proctors' Court. Three current Heads of Houses have confessed to me that they appeared in front of our predecessors. Sir John Hanson, Warden of Green, was the first to admit it—fined ten shillings for the late return of a library book in 1957—when he mentioned it he was obviously still very shaken by the experience. I'm still trying to remember who the second was, and the third is sitting very close to me as I speak.

I am afraid our successors will be spending an increasing amount of time dealing with personal computers and the network, the information highway. For the benefit of the fifteen hundredth set of Proctors reading this oration in 2748, a personal computer, to quote the dictionary definition, is a machine located on the user's desk capable of storing or processing electronic data, which came into common use in the late twentieth century for a brief period of three decades. I wonder when it will be that we will return to scribes sitting at desks, handwriting their theses?

We have had to deal with e-mail bombings, use of unfair means involving computers in exams, offensive web pages, harassment by e-mail, and inappropriate uses of computer accounts, to name but some. We have taken a serious view of these offences, to send a message round the community, as evidenced in the statistics accompanying the printed version of this oration.

Of course, Senior Tutors and examiners are always a joy to deal with, not least because of the polish that is always expended on any letter sent to the Proctors. `Mr X, who is entered for the Preliminary Examination in Y, has managed to mash his thumb by indulging in some sort of sporting activity. He cannot write. It is not obvious to me that this will be much of a disadvantage to him, but in order to give him the benefit of any doubt we would be grateful for permission for him to take the examination using a word processor. We are aware of the regulations which require any word processor to have almost all of its brain removed, but we do not think that this by itself means that the word processor could write the prelim.'

I have drawn from W.A. Pantin, Oxford Life in Oxford Archives (1972), for some of what follows.

From the moment of earliest mention in 1248, the two Proctors represented the two Nations in Oxford, the Senior, the Southerners, and the Junior the Northerners. Then like now they took an active part in supervising the exercises for degrees at every stage, keeping a register of all those who broke the statutes, being present at public examinations, and collecting and pronouncing graces of candidates for degrees. They administered the oath to new Masters, and still do, such that inter alia they could be called on to quell a riot with `Siste per fidem.' This has been much used by us outside the Exam Schools when large cohorts have finished their last exams, to universal blank looks.

The Proctors were also the ancestors of the University Chest Office, rendering income and expenditure accounts, way ahead of any Vice-Chancellor's accounts. To start with there were few commitments—the cost of larger projects, such as the nave of St Mary's and the Divinity School, being met by special appeals. In the fourteen hundreds the average income was £58 mostly from fees for degrees and fines. Expenditure was incurred in terms of paying for the University scribe (the Registrar—£2 13s 4d per annum), distribution to poor scholars, and (having the right priorities) with some 10 per cent going on the annual audit feast which lasted three days. Last week's Proctors' Dinners were much more modest, although perhaps the University has an event somewhat similar to the audit feast—the Tenants' Dinner. In earlier times our Land Agent would collect the rents from the University farms on or near Lady Day, travelling round on horseback to visit, and if successful in raising the rent, would treat the tenants in some local hostelry. The dawn of banking has seen a change, and now we hold an annual Tenants' Dinner, this year in Wadham, to mark this event. It wasn't until unkind Vice-Chancellor Tresham from Christ Church secured Queen Mary's benefaction somewhere around 1550 that the Vice-Chancellor's Accounts were inaugurated, and the power of the Proctors began to wane, in some respects.

The Hart report of the late 1960s introduced a number of checks on our power. For instance, Charles Caine (Junior Proctor in 1965) told me at the Tenants' Dinner that at the end of a Proctors' Court, if the misdemeanour had been sufficiently serious, it was a case of `away you go laddie.' Now there is a Court of Appeals. Proctor Caine also told us that the fines from the Proctors' Court went into the Motor Transport Account, and that when it was large enough, they blew it on a very shiny five speed automatic Riley. (This seems incidentally to be remarkably at variance with a slightly earlier generation of Proctors, who according to Mr Livingstone, the Vice-Chancellor's recently retired chauffeur, used to travel by Lambretta scooters). Now the Proctors can no longer use fines for their own benefit, although we have succeeded in taking through Council this year a reform which allows the fines to go to some University based good cause. When we floated our idea of fines reform to our Clerk, however, we caught him momentarily in best Sir Humphrey Appleby mode. `I am afraid, Sir' (it has always been `Sir' on the few occasions we have had disgreements), `I cannot recommend that, for two reasons,' came the immediate response. `On the one hand you might be inclined to fine more, knowing it was going to a good cause, and secondly you might be encouraging the undergraduates to transgress more for the same reason.' In the event, this year £6,400 goes to the Blind Recording Service of the Bodleian Library.

To be serious for a moment, our Clerk, Brian Gasser, has been a most valued member of staff. He has chomped his way through an enormous workload of papers, advice, and help rendered, and tried valiantly to keep us under control. We most certainly would have sunk very rapidly without him and his very hard working staff, Caroline, Joely, and Justine. Linda Mason, Assistant Clerk to the Proctors (Examinations), has an incredible workload at the peak exam season, and for most of the rest of the year, and her reputation for ready pearls of wisdom to hard-pressed chairmen of Examiners is most justly deserved.

Again like the countless generations of our predecessors, because of our role as Curators of the Parks, the Botanic Gardens, the Examination Schools, the Sheldonian Theatre, Visitors of the Taylorian, the Ashmolean, the Pitt Rivers, the Museum, Delegates of the Press, of Military Instruction, we have had many memorable tours of inspection. Particular impressions which remain in my mind include a visit to the University Arboretum where we heard that the Education Officer, Louise Allen, holding a post previously funded by the Friends of the Botanic Garden and now supported by the Kleinwort Benson Charitable Trust, saw 5,000 schoolchildren last year, and was asked for advice from Kew Gardens as to how Oxford managed these hoards so successfully.

Exposing these children to the work of the University is also seen as important to our access mission. We have been impressed by the behind-the-scenes work in the restoration services of the Ashomolean and Bodleian, in the Legal Accessions Unit, the Counselling Service, OUSU, and by projects such as the New Dictionary of National Biography, an OUP project run expertly by Professor Colin Matthew which has just reached its halfway stage (with 27,000 articles) ahead of schedule, with publication due in 2002.

We have crawled over the Radcliffe Camera, the Observatory, through the underground tunnel at the Bodleian, and around every nook and cranny in the Schools. What a joy it has been to be forced to explore Jackson's creation, built between 1876 and 1882. The poor undergraduate, facing the traditional Le Mans start to examinations, has no stomach for gazing admiringly at the quality of the interior design, the marble, tiled and cast-iron fireplaces, the portraits staring down, including that of Kaiser Wilhelm II, given an honorary doctorate in 1908 and especially positioned in the South School to invigilate over European History papers until his invigilation career was prematurely halted in 1914 by early retirement. Neither really does the examiner have the inclination to absorb the environment—too busy worrying about all the scripts which have to be marked. But the Proctors, their minds set to neutral gear whilst waiting to police the ending of an exam session or prior to a Proctors' swoop, can take in the features of the Jackson design. How many of you know that it was used as a military hospital in the First World War, and that the operating theatre and resuscitation stone cells in the basement remain untouched, complete with a lead-lined bath tub for sluicing out the corpses? The fact that ours must be the only University in the country with a recuperation room in our examination building could be a useful addition to our next HEFCE report—worth some extra funding? The Schools cost £180,000 to build with regular contributions coming from the Press—mainly profits from the publication of the Revised Version of the New Testament.

Personally, I have found the termly meeting of the Committee for the Archives amongst the many interesting and unsung meetings, not least because of Mr Walter Mitchell's termly report indexing the records of the Chancellors' Court. Some of his material gives a tantalising snap-shot of proctorial life over the years:

`In 1587, a proctor had to suffer rough treatment, when a man apprehended for drinking at the scandalously late hour of 9:45 turned violent. "Upon the suddayn Philip Coles gave mr proctor a great blowe on the face with his fiste. Wherwith mr proctor being moved told hym that since he used hym so, he should go with hym [sc. To prison], and so pulled hym one. And the said Philip thruste mr proctor agaynst the dore and toke hym by the throte and he tore mr proctors panes of his hose and thrust hym with his elbowe in the stomake." ' The culprit seems to have got away with an apology.

The earliest reference to spectacles in the records occurs in 1617, when a dying bedel is described as attempting in vain to use a pair, in order to read his will.

November 1791–April 1792: `No business done this term owing to the Vice-Chancellor and Assessor being confined with the Gout'.

The records of the nineteenth century shed light on the trades which surrounded undergraduates and academics alike: ink-sellers, japanners, auctioneers, breech-cleaners, and bacon-sellers, with a victualler who was also a stay-maker, but the Proctors' trade of 1852 seemed reassuringly familiar in its triviality. Two undergraduates had been prosecuted for driving a horse and tandem when permission had only been given for a gig. The case was brought to trial in order to prove the guilt or innocence of two Wadham men who had been rusticated by the Junior Proctor for a supposed breach of discipline in driving a tandem with two improper females.

The monitoring of Undergraduate Clubs has required a considerable effort from both the Assessor and our Clerk, and on the Sports side, a far-reaching review by the Committee for Sport chaired by Proctor Macmillan has reported. My impression in visiting Freshers' Fair was that it had not changed one jot in atmosphere from last time I had been there as a Fresher nearly thirty years ago. I suppose the nature of undergraduate societies has largely changed from the social clubs proliferating in the 1880s, from Mr Mitchell's records: the Friskers, Myrmidons, Busters, Flickerers, Nondescripts, no doubt reflecting the change in social profile of those coming up to Oxford. Now we have the Strategic Studies Club, the Historical Society, the Belly Dancing Club (Senior Member from St Hilda's), and the Guild of Assassins, one of whose members momentarily came into the Proctors' sights, for triggering the call-out of the Police Armed Response Unit, toting what turned out to be a plastic machine-gun.

We have had our trials and tribulation, too. I can report that the Bulldogs are in good form with four full-time, and thirty-four special constables, and that the last Senior Proctor of the Millennium has refused to countenance the replacement of the bowler hat with the flat-cap. I shan't forget the image of Bulldog Harvey, megaphone to his lips outside Schools, shouting `Don't spray it, drink it.' It has been encouraging that the student body has on several occasions expressed their gratitude for the behaviour and presence of the Bulldogs, most notably at the recent sit-in at the Examination Schools over the government's introduction of the £1,000 fee, to the extent that a signed thank-you note to the constables was sent by all the occupiers. How strange it was for the Junior Proctor and me together with the Registrar and our legal advisers to be closeted in one of Jackson's fine rooms, whilst we tried in vain for hours to negotiate an early end to the occupation. The only constructive side of the afternoon was the time available to examine in minute detail the features of the room. I wonder what Jackson would have made of it? His design for the railings was obviously not intended to keep the media away from attempting to photograph the process. It had its amusing moments, though. When the electricity to the sockets in the lobby was turned off, there was a moment when the sit-in was projected as a work-in, the argument being put that electricity was required for their lap-top computers, so that they could continue to work. Nothing whatsoever to do with the fact that they wanted to use their electric kettles for a brew.

The battle between Universities and Government over the £1,000 fee was fought and lost two years ago, and it has been most puzzling to me that there is any mileage whatsoever seen in attacking Oxford University over it. Pointless disruption has been caused to the good burghers of Oxford, relations with Thames Valley Police have been strained, and the poor Bulldogs lost a night's sleep when the Schools were occupied overnight. Incidentally, as I addressed the occupiers in the School, trying to encourage them out before nightfall, a Bulldog overheard the comment `Don't believe a word this guy is saying; he's obviously a trained, skilled negotiator.' No such training was given to me at last year's Senior Proctors' Dinner.

Other troublesome areas have included the occupation of the old LMS station prior to its removal to make way for the new Said Business School. Tunnelling expertise had been imported from Newbury Common by the occupiers, and it was with much relief that we witnessed the start of the well-planned and executed operation to clear it, lead by the Under Sheriff of Berkshire, thankfully with no injuries incurred. It was in a sense a Black Letter Day in that the national media chose the same day to run on their front page headlines a case of use of `unfair means in an examination.' The cheating was something which had been dealt with by us, and the sentence was subsequently upheld in the Court of Appeal. In our view, it should not have been within the bounds of national interest, any more than any other Proctors' case over the last three-quarters of a Millennium has been, and there was at least a potential of it fouling up the Proctorial process—presumably not what was desired.

Pantin talks about how remarkable it is that the powers and functions of the Proctors have survived continuously, both in the period of oligarchy and the period of nineteenth-century `reform', unlike those of Congregation which waned for two hundred years. From the Middle Ages the Proctors had a veto of any motion in Congregation or Convocation, illustrating according to Pantin the predominance of young Arts men over the learned Doctors. It was used in 1845 to block a motion condemning John Henry Newman's Tract XC, and there was a possibility of it being used in 1899 to deny an honorary degree to Cecil Rhodes. One wonders when or whether it was done away with—it could still be mighty handy to exercise it. Our dealings with Congregation have been limited to a debate related to the issue of governance of the University, following the Working Group report on Governance, post the North Commission. Congregation will still be the ultimate authority, but there may well be a much welcomed streamlining of committee structures, an integrating of the roles of Hebdomadal Council and General Board. If the reforms are handled correctly, there may well be significant devolution of decision taking in a downwards direction, within an over-arching structure provided centrally.

Our duties involve the Proctors and Assessor sitting on some 108 committees, most of which fortunately do not meet once a week. I draw to our successors' attention one meeting they shouldn't miss. It is the Standing Committee on Standing Committees—innocuous sounding, but a real focus of power. This is the committee which meets once a year to populate all the other committees, and a proper place for the wielding of the Proctorial spanner.

Dress and ceremonial have given us some moments of light relief. The Proctors have three sets of official robes. The best set is kept in the Clarendon Building ready for degree ceremonies, together with ermine hoods, given by an old member in the last century who had Hudson Bay Company connections. The hoods are irreplaceable, legally at any rate, and are whipped off our backs and locked in the safe the moment a degree ceremony is over. The set in reasonable condition remains in the University Offices for our attendance at the relevant committees, whilst the worst set is kept in the Examination Schools in case we become embroiled in flying baked beans and flour. Luckily we avoided this year, but one of our Pro-Proctors took a direct hit from a considerable quantity of flour. We tried to mete out due punishment, but the person involved was from London University. I must also report at this stage that this year has seen the adoption of a new robe for the Assessor, modelled on the stylish Proctor's garb, but in Byzantine Purple, as befits a Classicist. The Vice- Chancellor has been much obsessed with encouraging the Assessor to wear matching pink socks as part of his subfusc, but to no avail yet.

The Marshal has the major role of organising all pomp and circumstance, at which he is a true professional, in terms of checking that all is well on ceremonial occasions, particularly in terms of timing and dress. Our year has seen the re-enactment of the regular Encaenia skirmish between the Chancellor and the Marshal, in terms of speed of procession, this time all the way along The Broad. The Chancellor wants to speed up, and the Marshal to slow down. This is a difficult battle for the Chancellor to win since the Marshal is in front of him, but there are usually plenty of sotto voce `For God's sake, hurry up man.'

The last Vice-Chancellor also enjoyed exercising the Marshal, usually in terms of spotting candidates with improper subfusc at degree ceremonies, and blaming the Marshal. `The young lady on the front row was wearing bottle-green tights.' We have witnessed an indelible mark left on the Marshal. At one of our early ceremonies, whilst assembling in the Napoleon Room beforehand (so named mainly because of the collection of Napoleonic relics housed in there, and not just because the VC robes there), the Marshal proudly boasted to our current Vice-Chancellor that he was ready to deal with any improperly dressed ladies, that he had gone out and bought three sets of black tights, and opened his jacket to show them. The Vice- Chancellor drily observed that unfortunately his radio-microphone was already switched on, and that that remark would have been broadcast to all the assembled parents in the Sheldonian Theatre.

Pantin talks about academic funerals or memorial celebrations being not just ceremonial tributes, but a representation of one of the basic assemblies of the University, a solidarity between the living and the dead. Three very different occasions remain in my mind. The first was a memorial celebration of the life of Sir Isaiah Berlin, held in the Sheldonian Theatre, with Alfred Brendel playing passionately. The second was a traditional service in Christ Church Cathedral for Sir John Thompson, combining three elements of his service as Lord Lieutenant of Oxfordshire, commander of the Oxfordshire Yeomanry, and a significant benefactor to the University. He had also been Chairman of Barclays Bank—the inventor of the Barclaycard—and a Steward of the Jockey Club. Buglers bugled, Lord Oaksey spoke (mainly about the horses Sir John had owned), and Christ Church choir sang the Battle Song of the Republic. The third was a Memorial Service for Philip Holdsworth, former Master of St Benet's Hall, held in the chapel there, where the solidarity between the living and the dead was demonstrated in Benedictine contemplation.

Certainly the pleasurable side of Proctoring includes the disparate nature of the special events we attended—the Gladstone Centenary commemorations, the opening lecture in the American Institute series, `The Secret Tapes of the Cuban Missile Crisis', the launch of the Oxford -Intel initiative in the House of Commons and 11 Downing Street, to name but some.

In terms of the first of these, the Gladstone event, Professor Colin Matthew, editor of the Gladstone Diaries, had had the idea of marking the centenary of Gladstone's death with an exhibition of Gladstone memorabilia in the Bodleian, a service at St Mary's when Lord Runcie preached, and a concluding dinner at Christ Church. It was both a salutary experience to hear a recording of Gladstone's voice being played in Christ Church hall, and a delight to sample Bombe Gladstone, the only dish dedicated to Gladstone. The recording had been made by Thomas Edison on 22 November 1888 in the house of J.T. Knowles in London, a well-known editor of intellectual journals, whereas Bombe Gladstone had emerged from the kitchens of the Savoy Hotel in the 1880s, then under the direction of Auguste Escoffier. We heard how Gladstone had been a bright spark as a student, wanting his viva to go on for longer than the examiners wanted. This energy continued throughout his life and at the age of 85 he had wheel-barrowed many loads of his papers the three-quarters of a mile between his castle and St Deiniol's Library, set up to make his books and some of his papers publicly available.

Oxford used to have a reputation for being slow to accept new-fangled ideas, and being good at stopping their applications here. I suppose one of the best-known examples with a long term impact was the failure to grasp the advent of railways with enthusiasm, committing us to a century and a half of changing trains at Didcot for all points West. I suppose our part in this attitude has been our marked reluctance to accept the idea of the use of video-conferencing for examination by viva voce, ... yet. How could the examination be considered to be public? Would we need terminals in every faculty so that people could stand in front of screens in their subfusc to observe the process? How would we know that it really was the right person being examined? Would they have to put their thumb print on the screen? (Incidentally, how do we know now?)

Another first in terms of stopping things was the closure of Magdalen Bridge on May Morning. This decision was taken because of the huge volume flow rate of water in the Cherwell (ten times the norm) which prevented the Police Underwater Search Unit from sweeping the river-bed for all the items of hardware (old beds, supermarket trolleys, the odd Mini car) which might cause injury to anyone foolish enough to jump in. The police were also of the view that if someone did jump in at Magdalen, such was the velocity of the stream that they would be fished out in Cowley, although I didn't think the river went anywhere near Cowley. We were apprehensive about the reaction of the expected 3,000 congregating at the far side of the bridge, about whether they would be able to reach the point where the action was happening. OUSU were most helpful and responsible, and in the event the most alarming moment was being on top of Magdalen Tower when the bells started. The sight and sensation of two-feet-thick walls moving in time to the swings was more than my engineering instincts could cope with, and I was unable to advise my colleagues whether the safest action was to stand by the walls or in the middle of the roof, being reduced to a wreck.

But elsewhere we have seen Oxford marching on at great pace in many areas. We have maintained our position as the top research university in the country, assessed by HEFCE, whilst still maintaining an obsessive interest in the developing undergraduate curricula and maintaining an affordable tutorial system. Oxford is seen as having a most efficacious technology transfer system with Isis Innovation acting as the midwife in the process of giving birth to new spin-out companies. It has been astonishing to see the extent to which the University is committed at the moment to its new buildings programme. Buildings underway and being converted include the new St Cross Social Sciences Centre, the Said Business School, the Rothermere American Institute, the Sackler Library, the Begbroke Technology Centre, with distinct possibilities of an Islamic gallery extension at the Ashmolean, and a new chemistry building in addition to these. The Government's JIF initiative has spawned a whole raft of proposals and raised expectations well beyond a sustainable level, and we have witnessed the care which has been taken in attempting to deal with proposals from across the University in a fair manner, whilst ensuring that proper financial prudence is maintained. It would be very easy to get carried away.

And then there is the Poetry List. I did contemplate bucking the national and local trend, and perhaps my duties, by not mentioning it, but I supposed that that was unrealistic given the ear-bashings I have had in the street, at dinner parties, the University Church, and many many other places. I shall be very brief. The Proctors and Assessor are ex officio Delegates of Oxford University Press, and the Senior Proctor is a member of Finance Committee, essentially the Board of Directors, although it is accountable to the Delegates. This apparently contorted structure has withstood the pressures (and hence demonstrated the wisdom of its creation) of the fierce public debate over the Poetry List. We greatly welcome the resolution of the controversy with an imaginative and constructive solution which appears to satisfy the requirements of most protagonists, and for which the Secretary of the Delegates and Chief Executive, Henry Reece, and the Chairman of Finance Committee together with the English Faculty deserve hearty congratulations. The Press is regarded as a department of the University, though some regard it as the first spin-out company. During the course of the year every view has been expressed to me in terms of how it should be regarded. Some have said that it is a multi-billion pound company which should be totally privatised immediately, others that it should be floated with the University retaining a controlling share of equity, whilst many feel that is unthinkable that the University should expect any return whatsoever. What is clear is that it currently operates with two themes in mind. Firstly its academic and scholastic profile brings great credit to the University, and secondly its strength derives also from having commercial objectives. Undoubtedly the flagship projects are the Third Edition of the Oxford English Dictionary and the New Dictionary of National Biography (which will be published to time in 2002), but it is also surely of great credit to that institution that it is market leader in English language teaching, and a considerable force in publishing for schools in the UK and overseas.

I believe that the overcoming of the crisis this year has demonstrated that the mechanisms are in place for its management in appropriate style, given, as I have said earlier, that a complete spectrum of opinion in terms of future direction will certainly be found in this academic community. I wish the Delegates well for the future, and for the rest of our community, I recommend a return to their primary sources for all scholars still tempted to pick up their quills and write on the subject of the Press to the Oxford Magazine.

Time for a few concluding headlines:

Most unusual case: My prosecution of the Junior Proctor for smoking in Academical Dress before the Gladstone Centenary Dinner.

Most University offences committed, by college: St Hugh's.

Most University offences committed, by subject: PPE.

Most tantilising story, on the occasion of The Needle and Thread Dinner at Queen's. The final act of hospitality was the passing around of a Loving Cup, in the form of an especially concocted college ale contained in the Founder's Horn. This container is a long horn mounted on silver bands supported on a pair of silver pheasants' feet, and presented to the college by the founder in 1360. A number of guests were somewhat worried, because the horn was so old, about the possibility of spores of the bubonic plague still remaining in the narrow end of the container. I was also interested in the recipe for the ale, and asked the Provost whether it was a college brew. He told me how important a tradition it had been at Queen's over the six centuries for the traditional recipe and method to be carefully maintained and passed down. The last custodian of the knowledge had been butler Jack, who being seriously ill in hospital had had a visitation from the highest college authorities, with a view to their receiving his important knowledge of recipe and method. Jack seemed pleased to see them, as they explained their presence to him. When he was ready to proceed, they lent forwards with their notebooks poised to catch his last precious but feeble words—`Clear off.'

With that simple imperative, it is certainly time for us to quit.

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PROCTORIAL YEAR 1998/99

Summary of Offences

(totals for 1997/98 given in brackets)

Breach of Examination Regulations (Using unfair means) 5 (4)

1 Overall mark to be reduced by 1 class to determine final result. 2 @ £50

1 Expelled - appeal made to Disciplinary Court against sentence - dismissed

1 (case in progress)

Breach of Rules Committee Regulations (Conduct after examinations) 65 (40)

1 @ £25

37 @ £35 (+ in 1 case `damages'of £5.99)

12 @ £40

2 @ £30

3 - case dismissed

1 - not guilty

6 @ £50

3 @ £60

Breach of Rules Committee Regulations (Harassment) 6 (0)

6 (0) 1 - Rusticated 1 year

1 @ £80

1 @ £150

3 case withdrawn

Breach of University Regulations (Occupation/attempted occupation of University/College property) 1 (0)

1 @ £60

Breach of University Regulations (Obstruction) 18 (1)

1 @ £80

2 @ £35

1 @ £150

6 @ £65 (1 with letter of apology) 1 @ £40

1 @ £60

2 @ £75

1 - letter of apology

1 - case withdrawn

1 @ £70

1 @ £25

Breach of University Regulations (Misrepresentation)

1 (1) 1 - Expelled

Breach of University Regulations (Disruption of administration and misrepresentation) 1 (0)

1 @ £250

Breach of University Regulations (Computer Misuse) 12 (6)

1 Rusticated 1 year/fined £200

1 @ £500/computer access withdrawn

1 @ £50

1 @ £125

2 @ £75

1 @ £60

1 @ £300

1 @ £150

1 @ £100

1 @ £200

1 @ £250

Breach of University Regulations (Removal/defacement of library books) 0 (4)

Breach of University Regulations (`Fly-posting') 0 (1)

Other 2 (0)

1 @ £150

1 @ £200 Total number of offences: 111 (157)

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MEMBERSHIP OF THE UNIVERSITY DISCIPLINARY COURT

At its statutory Hilary Term meeting the Rules Committee established the panels of Members of Congregation and Junior Members from which, in accordance with Title XIII of the Statutes, the Registrar draws names by lot to fill vacancies on the University Disciplinary Court. The following appointments to the Court have been made with effect from Trinity Term 1999:

Congregation

Dr D.S. Fairweather (Corpus Christi), two years, vice Professor R. Jacoby.

Junior Members

Ms C.S. Thomas (Jesus), and Mr R.J. Thomas (St Anne's), one year, vice Mr T. Jestadt and Ms C.E. Pinches.

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PROPOSALS FOR HONORARY DEGREES TO BE CONFERRED AT THE ENCAENIA IN 2000, AND FOR DEGREES BY DIPLOMA

Council's Advisory Committee for Degrees by Diploma and Encaenia Honorary Degrees gives preliminary consideration both to proposals received from members of Congregation for the conferment of degrees by diploma upon royal personages and heads of state on occasions other than Encaenia, and to proposals for the conferment of Encaenia honorary degrees. The current membership of the committee is: Dr P.A. Slack, Principal of Linacre (Pro-Vice-Chancellor, in the chair); Dr R.A. Mayou, Nuffield (Assessor 1999–2000, ex officio); Dr A.M. Bowie, Queen's (Assessor 1998–9, ex officio); Professor J. Griffin, Balliol (Public Orator, ex officio); Mr A.B. Atkinson, Warden of Nuffield; Professor I.C. Butler, Christ Church; Professor R.A. Cowley, Wadham; Professor Sir John Grimley Evans, Green College; Professor N.J. Hitchin, New College; Professor S.D. Iversen, Magdalen; Dr J.M. Rawson, Warden of Merton; Professor A.J. Ryan, Warden of New College. The committee finds it helpful to be able to review all proposals together, in a standard format. Members of Congregation who wish to make suggestions to the committee about honorary degrees to be conferred at the Encaenia in 2000 are therefore asked to do so by sending in proposals which provide information under the following headings:

Name and title of nominee;
Date of birth;
Degrees and membership of learned societies (e.g. FRS, FBA);
Honorary degree proposed;
Oxford college (if any);
University connection (if any) (e.g. Honorary Fellow, Old Member);
Basic biographical details;
Main achievements;
Brief statement as to why it would be particularly appropriate for Oxford to confer an honorary degree at the present time;
Nominee's address for correspondence;
Marital status of nominee;
Name and address of proposer;
Signature and date.

The information should not exceed two A4 pages.

Proposals should be sent to Miss Noon, University Offices, Wellington Square, not later than Friday, 14 May 1999. There is a special form for proposals for degrees by diploma, copies of which are available from Miss Noon.

Members of Congregation wishing to suggest candidates are asked in particular to note the following points:

(a) under Council's standing orders, no member of Council or of the advisory committee shall forward to that committee or propose directly to Council the name of any person for any honorary degree unless he or she is prepared personally to recommend that the conferment of such a degree be seriously considered;

(b) while informal soundings within the University on any proposal will often be desirable, every effort should be made to ensure that publicity is not at any stage given to any proposal for the conferment of an honorary degree. The advisory committee will report to Council early in Michaelmas Term, submitting a short-list of candidates for further consideration. Council will then decide which proposals should be referred to its Committee on Honorary Degrees. The final list of proposed honorands, drawn up by Council in the light of the latter committee's report, will be submitted to Congregation for approval in accordance with the requirements of Tit. II, Sectt. VI and VIII (Statutes, 1997, pp. 14–16).

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ACADEMIC STAFF—WORKING TIME REGULATIONS 1998

The General Board has agreed the following form of words to cover the contractual position of all university academic staff in the light of the Working Time Regulations 1998.

`Those holding academic posts are able to determine the duration of their own working time in accordance with the terms of the Working Time Regulations 1998, and are therefore exempt from the majority of the requirements of those regulations. Although an annual leave entitlement for such staff is not defined in absolute terms, the annual salary paid and the number of working days in each leave year shall incorporate the applicable requirements of the regulations that all employees are entitled to a minimum of twenty days of paid annual leave inclusive of all public holidays.'

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SALARIES OF CLINICAL ACADEMIC STAFF

Approval has been given for the implementation at Oxford of an increase in clinical academic salaries in line with the salary awards for 1999 decided by the Doctors' and Dentists' Review Body.

The new rates provide for a 3.5 per cent increase, with effect from 1 April 1999, on all salaries and scale points except the current scale and salary point of £59,040, which will receive a further £500 in addition to the 3.5 per cent to reflect the increase awarded to the maximum of the consultants' pay scale in NHS scales.

Payment will be made in April.

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EDUCATIONAL RECORDING AGENCY

Survey of off-air recording

This notice is to inform members of the University about a survey of educational recordings in which the University is obliged to participate this year, and to request co-operation in collecting the necessary information.

The University (including its constituent colleges) is covered by an Educational Recording Agency (ERA) Licence to record radio and television broadcasts and cable programmes for educational use, without infringing copyright. The University pays about £24,000 per annum for this licence.

It is a condition of the licence that institutions may be required to maintain for a specified period of time details of radio and television recordings made under the licence and to return this information to the ERA. Oxford University has been selected to take part in ERA's survey during the period 1 September 1998 to 31 August 1999 and the University is therefore asking all staff for assistance in collating the information required.

In each department and college, and some faculty offices, an individual has been nominated as the local co-ordinator for the survey. All staff are asked to give details to the most appropriate co-ordinator of all recordings of radio and television programmes which they make for educational purposes whether at home, in the University, or elsewhere. The information required is the title, date, and channel of the programme, and the location where the recording was made. As statistics have to be returned by the University at the end of every month, it is important that a co- ordinator is informed as soon as possible after a recording is made.

The identity of the local co-ordinator should be publicised in each department, college, and (where appropriate) faculty office. If it is not clear, the departmental administrator, senior tutor, or faculty office administrator should be able to identify the co- ordinator. In cases of difficulty, details of recordings can be passed instead to the University's central co-ordinator, Miss Catherine Long, at the ETRC (telephone: (2)70529, e-mail: catherine.long@etrc.ox.ac.uk). It is, of course, necessary to pass information about recordings only to one co-ordinator; there is no need, for example, to inform both a college co-ordinator and a faculty co-ordinator but simply the one which is most convenient.

Please note that ERA are likely to visit the University at some stage during the survey period and to monitor the information returned against recordings held by the University. It is therefore important that the required information is collected carefully and that recordings are available for inspection if necessary. It is also important to note the requirement (which is general and not just for the period of the survey) that each recording should be labelled with the date and time, and with the statement that `This recording is to be used only for educational purposes'.

It is hoped that the survey will not cause too much inconvenience, and the full co-operation of members of the University would be appreciated.

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EUROPEAN HUMANITIES RESEARCH CENTRE

Change of address

The Centre, under the directorship of Professor Malcolm Bowie, FBA, All Souls, fosters advanced research in the humanities. It places a special emphasis on the interdisciplinary dimension of humanities research and brings together, by way of its academic programmes, scholars from Europe and further afield. The Centre has a thriving publications programme under its Legenda imprint.

The Centre has now moved to 76 Woodstock Road, St Hugh's College, Oxford OX2 6LE (telephone: Oxford (2)84680, fax: (2)84681, e-mail: enquiries@ehrc.ox.ac.uk, Internet: www.ehrc.ox.ac.uk).

The editorial address of the Legenda publications programme will remain the Taylor Institution, 47 Wellington Square, Oxford OX1 2JF.

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WIDOWS OF FORMER MEMBERS OF THE UNIVERSITY'S PENSION SCHEMES

From time to time the attention of the University is drawn to individual cases of financial hardship among widows of former members of the Federated Superannuation System for Universities (FSSU) and the University of Oxford Employees Pension Scheme (EPS). Limited resources are available to alleviate proven cases of hardship and any enquiry should be addressed to the Superannuation Officer, University Offices, Wellington Square, Oxford OX1 2JD. All cases are dealt with in the strictest confidence.

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ELDON LAW SCHOLARSHIP 2000

The Board of the Faculty of Law announces that the Eldon Law Scholarship, value not less than £4,500 per annum, is awarded annually to be held for up to two years. Candidates must be members of the University of Oxford who: (a) have passed the examination for the Degree of Bachelor of Arts or for the Degree of Bachelor of Civil Law or for the Degree of Magister Juris; and (b) have been placed in the First Class in one or other of these examinations or in Honour Moderations or have gained one of the Chancellor's Prizes; and (c) intend to follow the profession of the Law; and (d) have applied for one of the scholarships either before, or within two years next following, the date of their call to the Bar.

Candidates will be required to sign a declaration that they intend to practise at the Bar in the United Kingdom.

Until they have been called to the Bar, scholars must produce proof that they have regularly kept their terms, unless prevented by illness, at one of the Inns of Court.

In general the policy of the awarding committee is to give preference to a candidate who has completed his or her Oxford education and is completing the vocational stage of training prior to entry into pupillage.

Applications, accompanied by a curriculum vitae, must be sent to the Head Clerk (on a form obtainable from him), University Offices, Wellington Square, Oxford OX1 2JD, not later than Friday, 29 October 1999, in a sealed envelope marked `Eldon Scholarship Application'. The representatives of the board will summon to interview at Oxford on Saturday, 22 January 2000, those candidates they wish to see.

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WINTER WILLIAMS LAW PRIZES 1999

The Board of the Faculty of Law invites entry for the Prizes which will be awarded in 1999 on the basis of essays, of not more than 5,000 words, submitted on one of the following subjects:

1. What effect do you consider the Human Rights Act 1999 will have on judicial review of administrative action after it comes into force in 2000? How far do you consider these effects to be desirable?

2. What is wrong with trusts for non-charitable purposes?

3. Are estoppel rights over land property rights?

The First Prize is of £400, the Second Prize is of £200. Grants to a total of £200 may be made to unsuccessful ca ndidates who have done meritorious work. The prizes will be awarded only if entries of sufficient merit are received.

The essays (two typed copies) must be sent to the Head Clerk, University Offices, Wellington Square, by 30 September 1999. There is no entry form, but each essay must be accompanied by: (i) a statement from the candidate's college that he or she is, on 30 September 1999, an undergraduate member of the University who has not exceeded the tenth term from matriculation, and is reading for the Honour School of Jurisprudence; (ii) a declaration that the essay is the candidate's own unaided work and that it has been submitted to any other person for advice, assistance, or revision.

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ASHMOLEAN MUSEUM

Concerts

The following concerts will be given at 6.30 p.m. on Wednesdays in the Ashmolean Museum. Tickets, costing £15 each, may be obtained from the Playhouse Box Office, Beaumont Street (telephone: Oxford 798600).

16 June: Chinese music performed by the London Chinese Orchestra.

21 July: Indian music performed by Shard Sahai on the tabla.

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Vivien Leigh Prize

A prize of £300 is offered by the Ashmolean Museum from the Vivien Leigh Fund for a two-dimensional work of art on paper, not exceeding fifty-five by 40 centimetres, by an undergraduate member of the University. The work will be chosen, if a work of sufficient merit is submitted, by the Keeper of Western Art in the Ashmolean Museum, from work submitted to the Print Room by 17 June or work exhibited at the annual degree show at the Ruskin School of Drawing and Fine Art. It is a condition of the award that the the winning work be given to the Ashmolean.

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ASHMOLEAN LIBRARY

Arrangements during the construction of the Sackler Library, summer 1998–summer 2000

The Committee for the Ashmolean Library advises readers that the construction of the Sackler Library is proceeding on a site immediately to the west of the present main library. It is expected that working conditions in the library will remain tolerable throughout most of the construction period, but there may be times when it becomes necessary for health and safety reasons to close or partially close the library at short notice. The Committee regrets any resulting inconvenience to readers and is taking all practicable measures to minimise disruption.

The project involves the replacement of the Griffith Institute, and the decanting of its holdings into adjacent accommodation for the construction period. The Ancient Near East holdings are now available to readers in the basement of the Oriental Institute Library; the Egyptological holdings are now accessible through No. 6 St John Street. All other sections of the Ashmolean's collections will remain on the existing site. Access to the Library remains via the Ashmolean Museum when the Museum is open ( Tuesday–Friday, 10 a.m.–5 p.m.; Saturday 10 a.m.–1 p.m.). At all other times access is through the new entrance opposite the Cast Gallery, which replaces the former Pusey Lane entrance.

The remaining basement level of the Griffith Institute building is scheduled for demolition in two phases : the first is currently programmed to occur between 31 May and 12 June 1999 and the second between 16 August and 31 August 1999. The library will remain open during these periods, but excessive noise, particularly during mornings, may lead to some disruption of normal library service.

During the latter period all parts of the library (together with the Ashmolean Museum) will be closed for one complete weekday to allow a major transfer of electrical supply cables. The date of this closure will be posted in the Gazette and on the Sackler Web site as soon as it is finalised. Some shorter electrical shutdowns may be required shortly thereafter.

The construction is currently expected to be completed by July 2000 with a view to opening the building for readers in time for the following Michaelmas Term. Readers are hereby warned that the movement of the library stock into the new building will involve an extended period of disruption during the Long Vacation of 2000 as sections of the library become progressively inaccessible. Further details of this will be announced as they become available.

Further information is available on the the Sackler Library Web site at http://www.classics.ox.ac.uk/sackler.html.

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WOLFSON CHILDCARE SCHOLARSHIP

Applications are invited for the Wolfson Childcare Scholarship, to be held at an Oxford University nursery (the Mansion House Nursery, Summertown House, and Bradmore Road Nursery). The scholarship was set up as a result of the generosity of the Wolfson Family Charitable Trust and is administered by the University's Childcare Committee.

Matriculated undergraduates and graduates of the University wholly or mainly pursuing their studies, and employees of the University and colleges, will be eligible to apply for the scholarship. The value of the award is likely to vary from year to year, according to the financial circumstances of the successful applicant, but may cover up to half the cost of nursery fees (but not extra charges for meals, etc.). The award will be made for one child, and for one year in the first instance. The scholarship is only tenable at a university nursery and can only be awarded to an applicant whose child already has a place, or for whose child an application form has been submitted.

Application forms for the Wolfson Childcare Scholarship can be obtained from the Childcare Officer, University Offices, Wellington Square, Oxford OX1 2JD. All scholarship forms must be returned to the Childcare Officer by Friday, 17 September.

Nursery application forms are available from the Childcare Officer and from the Nursery Managers, the Mansion House Nursery, Summertown Nursery, Summertown House, Banbury Road, Oxford OX2 6QW. (Please enclose a stamped addressed envelope.)

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UNIVERSITY CLUB

Wine-tastings

The following wine-tastings will be held at 5.45 p.m. on Wednesdays in the University Club, 6 South Parks Road. All members and their guests are welcome, the fee being £2 per person.

28 Apr.: Spanish wines.

2 June: Wines for summer drinking.

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MAISON FRANÇAISE

The Library

The library at the Maison Française d'Oxford, Norham Road, Oxford OX2 6SE (telephone: (2)74224), is a study and information centre for students and teachers of French, and for all those interested in French culture and society.

It has a wide range of books (41,000 volumes), periodicals (including Le Monde and Libération), a selection of cassettes, records, and videos, and Dossiers de presse on various contemporary topics such as the environment, education, and immigration. The social sciences section is currently being expanded.

Everyone is welcome to join the library and take advantage of these resources. Subscription fees for the academic year are: books £2.50, cassettes £2.50, videos £20.

The library's opening hours are: Tuesday–Friday, 10 a.m.–6 p.m.; Saturday, 10 a.m.–12.30 p.m.

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ASSOCIATION OF UNIVERSITY TEACHERS

The Association of University Teachers is both a professional association and a trade union, committed to the advancement of university education and research. At the national level, the AUT is the recognised union for academic and academic-related staff. Besides its concern for more general questions of university education and research, the AUT negotiates salary levels and conditions of employment with the Committee of Vice-Chancellors and Principals.

The Oxford branch of the AUT is open for membership to university and college employees, whether academic or academic-related. It has over 900 members. It is the official body with which the University discusses priorities and problems bearing on education and research, and negotiates solutions to them. Discussions between the Oxford AUT and university officers occur formally once per term at a meeting of a Joint Consultative Committee, but there are many other informal meetings to discuss particular problems, including those affecting the conditions of employment of academic and academic-related staff, such as the `waiver clause' for those employed on contract grants. The local AUT also provides confidential advice on problems relating to terms and conditions of employment.

Application for membership and other enquiries can be made to Mrs Anne Hendry, Administrative Secretary, Oxford AUT, New Barnett House, 28 Little Clarendon Street, Oxford OX1 2HY (telephone and fax: (2)70418, e-mail: aut@ermine.ox.ac.uk) (9.30 a.m.--4.30 p.m., Tuesday–Thursday).

Enquiries may also be directed to the following: Kit Bailey (Honorary Secretary), Department of Plant Sciences (telephone: (2)75090); Denis O'Driscoll, Department of Biochemistry (telephone: (2)75260); Arthur Marsh (Personal Cases), St Edmund Hall (telephone: (2)74170).

The Trinity Term meeting will be held on at 1.15 p.m. on Tuesday, 25 May, in Blackhall, Queen Elizabeth House, 21 St Giles'. All AUT members and non-members will be welcome.

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