Examinations and Boards

Contents of this section:

[Note. An asterisk denotes a reference to a previously published or recurrent entry.]

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Election of one ordinary member

4 December 1997

The following has been duly elected as an ordinary member, to hold office until the beginning of Michaelmas Term 1999:

A.G. ROSSER, MA, Fellow of St Catherine's

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Preliminary Examination

Psychology, Philosophy, and Physiology: J.F. STEIN, B.SC., BM, MA, Fellow of Magdalen (address: Department of Physiology)

Honour Moderations

Classics: J. GRIFFIN, MA, Fellow of Balliol

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Law Moderations

P.N. MIRFIELD, BCL, MA, Fellow of Jesus

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Honour School

Physics: W.W.M. ALLISON, MA, D.PHIL., Fellow of Keble (address: Nuclear and Astrophysics Laboratory)

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Bachelor of Fine Art

B.D. CATLING, MA, Fellow of Linacre (address: Ruskin School of Drawing and Fine Art)

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Master of Philosophy

Qualifying Examination in English Studies Courses I and II: S.L. MAPSTONE, MA, D.PHIL., Fellow of St Hilda's

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Master of Studies

Research Methods in English (Medieval Period): V.A. GILLESPIE, MA, D.PHIL., Fellow of St Anne's (address: English Faculty)

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Honour School

Natural Science—Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry Part II: I.D. CAMPBELL, MA, Fellow of St John's (address: Department of Biochemistry)

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Bachelor of Fine Art

Preliminary Examination: B.D. CATLING, MA, Fellow of Linacre (address: Ruskin School of Drawing and Fine Art)

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Master of Philosophy

European Politics and Society Qualifying Test: A. MENON, MA, Fellow of St Antony's

Politics Qualifying Test: D.B. GOLDEY, MA, D.PHIL., Fellow of Lincoln

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Master of Science

Applied Social Studies Qualifying Test: C.H. ROBERTS, MA, Fellow of Green College (address: Department of Applied Social Studies)

Educational Research Methodology: G. WALFORD, MA, M.PHIL., Fellow of Green College (address: Department of Educational Studies)

Educational Studies: G. WALFORD, MA, M.PHIL., Fellow of Green College (address: Department of Educational Studies)

Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis: J. OCKENDON, MA, D.PHIL., Fellow of St Catherine's (address: Mathematical Institute)

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Diploma in Theology and BD Qualifying Examination

S.E. GILLINGHAM, MA, D.PHIL., Fellow of Worcester

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With the approval of the General Board, the following changes in regulations made by boards of faculties and the Committee on Continuing Education will come into effect on 2 January.

1 Boards of the Faculties of English and Literae Humaniores

(a) Honour Moderations in Classics and English

With effect from 1 October 2000 (for first examination in 2001)

1 In Examination Decrees, 1997, p. 42, after l. 48, insert:

`Candidates shall take one of the following courses

1. Course I'.

2 Ibid., p. 43, after l. 34, insert:

`Course II

Candidates for Course II shall be required:

(a) during their first year of study to have passed an examination under the auspices of the Board of the Faculty of Literae Humaniores during the Trinity Term. Candidates who fail to satisfy the examiners shall be permitted to offer themselves for re-examination during the following September. Each candidate shall offer two papers, each of three hours' duration, as follows:

1. Greek or Latin texts. Candidates must offer either (a) or (b):

(a) Homer, Odyssey VI; Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus 911–1185; Lysias 1.

(b) Virgil, Georgics 2.1–176, 362–542; Horace, Odes III. 5, 7, 9, 13, 14, 18, 21, 26, 30; Seneca, Epistles 47, 77.

The paper will comprise passages from these texts for translation and comment.

2.Greek or Latin Language. The paper will consist of passages for unseen translation out of Greek or Latin and sentences for translation from English into Latin or Greek.

(b) during their second year of study, to offer papers as for Course I.'

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(b) Honour School of Classics and English

With effect from 1 October 2002 (for first examination in 2003)

In Examination Decrees, 1997, p. 139, l. 9, after `and (d)'. insert `Course II candidates may not offer a paper which they have previously offered in their first year of study.'

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2 Board of the Faculty of Physical Sciences

Preliminary Examination in Physical Sciences

With immediate effect (for first examination in 1998)

1 In Examination Decrees, 1997, delete from p. 101, 1. 17 to p. 102, 1. 18 inclusive and substitute:

`Subject 5. Physics 1: Mechanics and Special Relativity

Newton's laws of Motion. Mechanics of particles in one dimension. Energy, work and impulse. Conservation of linear momentum including problems where the mass changes, eg. the motion of a rocket ejecting fuel. Conservation of energy.

Mechanics of particles in two dimensions. Vector formation and equations of motion in Cartesian and plane polar co-ordinates. Projectiles moving under gravity, including such motion subject to a damping force proportional to velocity.

Torque and angular momentum. Conservation of angular momentum. Inverse square central forces. Classification of orbits as bound or unbound. Examples of planetary and satellite motion (derivation of equation for u=1/r not required; explicit treatment of hyperbolae and ellipses not required). Rutherford scattering (calculation of the cross- section not required).

Systems of point particles. Centre of mass (or momentum) frame and its uses.

Moment of inertia of a system of particles. Use of perpendicular and parallel-axis theorems. Moment of inertia of simple bodies (the formula for any moment of inertia will be given). Solution of simple dynamical problems involving rotations about a fixed axis.

Vibrations of mechanical systems including vibrations with damping, and including vibrations with a forcing term, but restricted to one variable other than time, resonance and Q-factor. Critical damping. Compound pendulum.

Special theory of relativity restricted throughout to problems in one space dimension. The constancy of the speed of light; simultaneity. The Lorentz transformation

(derivation not required). Time dilation and length contraction. The addition of velocities. Invariance of the space-time interval. Energy, momentum, rest mass and their relationship for a single particle. Conservation of energy and momentum

(transformation not required). Elementary kinematics of the scattering and decay of sub-atomic particles, including the photon. Relativistic Doppler effect is excluded.

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Subject 6. Physics 2: Waves, Optics and Quantum Physics

Physical characteristics of optical wave motion in one dimension: amplitude, phase, frequency, wavelength, wave number, wave vector, velocity. Superposition of two waves of different frequencies: beats and elementary discussion of construction of wave packets; qualitative discussion of dispersive media; relations for phase and group velocities. Refractive index and optical path length.

Elementary geometrical optics: reflection and refraction at plane boundary; total internal reflection; deviation by a prism. Reflection and refraction at a spherical boundary. Image formation by concave mirror and by converging and diverging thin lenses. The magnifying lens; simple astronomical telescope consisting of two convex lenses; simple reflecting telescope.

Wave Optics: simple two slit interference (restricted to slits of negligible width). The diffraction grating, its experimental arrangement; conditions for proper illumination. The dispersion of a diffraction grating. (The multiple slit interference pattern and the resolution of a diffraction grating are excluded). Two beam interference by division of amplitude: including simple discussion of the standard Michelson interferometer (and excluding the Michelson stellar interferometer). Fraunhofer diffraction by a single slit: including experimental arrangements. Application to resolution of a single lens.

Limitations of classical physics: qualitative discussion of the problem of the stability of the nuclear atom; photo-electric effect; Franck-Hertz experiment and the existence of energy levels. Experimental evidence for wave-particle duality; X-ray diffraction and Bragg law; Compton scattering (derivation of the Compton formula not required); electron and neutron diffraction. Einstein and de Broglie's relations (E=hv, p=h/[lambda]).

Quantum interference and the two slit experiment. Comparison with classical optics and classical mechanics. The concept of the wave-function as a probability amplitude and the probabilistic interpretation of |[upsilon](x)|2. The one-dimensional time independent Schrödinger equation and solutions for plane waves. Heuristic treatment based on position and momentum operators and energy conservation.

The position-momentum uncertainty relation and simple consequences. Qualitative wave mechanical understanding of the size and stability of the hydrogen atom.

Quantisation as an eigenvalue problem, illustrated by solutions in an infinite square well and by qualitative treatment of the finite well. Analogy with standing waves on a stretched string. Reflection and transmission at potential steps. Qualitative treatment of barrier penetration for simple rectangular barriers. Simple examples and comparison with classical mechanics. [The level of treatment is that to be found in the following books: A.P. French and E.F. Taylor, An Introduction to Quantum Physics, MIT series, Chapman and Hall 1978; K Krane, Introduction to Modern Physics, Wiley 1983; H C Ohanian, Modern Physics, second edition, Prentice Hall 1995.]

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Subject 7. Physics 3: Electromagnetism

Scope: The treatment is restricted to linear, homogeneous isotropic media, and excludes electromagnetic waves. A knowledge of vector operators will not be required.

Electrostatics in vacuo: Coulomb's law and its experimental basis. Electric field and potential due to a charge and to a system of charges. The electric dipole; its electric field and potential. The couple and force on, and the energy of, a dipole in an external electric field. Energy of a system of charges; energy stored in an electric field. Gauss' Law in integral form; field and potential due to surface and volume distributions of charge. Force on a conductor. The capacitance of parallel plate, cylindrical and spherical capacitors.

Electrostatics in the presence of dielectric media: Modification to Gauss' Law: polarization, the electric displacement, relative permittivity. Capacitance and energy in the presence of dielectric media.

Magnetic effects in the absence of magnetic media: The B-field. Steady currents: the B-field set up by a current; the Biot-Savart Law. The force on a current and on moving charges in a B-field. The magnetic dipole; its B-field. The force and couple on, and the energy of, a dipole in an external B-field. Energy stored in a B-field . Gauss' Law in integral form. Simple cases of the motion of charged particles in electric and magnetic fields.

Magnetic media: Magnetization, the H-field, magnetic permeability. Ampère's Law in integral form. Energy in the presence of magnetic media. The electromagnet. Questions on magnetic media involving non-uniform fields will not be set.

Electromagnetic induction: The laws of Faraday and Lenz. Self and mutual inductance: calculation for simple circuits. The transformer.

Circuits: Growth and decay of currents in LCR circuits. AC theory; the use of complex impedance in circuit analysis under steady state conditions. The quality factor Q of a circuit.'

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2 Ibid., delete from p. 104, 1. 37 to p. 105, 1. 21 inclusive and substitute:

`Subject 16. Mathematics: 1

Functions of one variable: Elementary ideas of sequences, series, limits and convergence. (Questions on determining the convergence or otherwise of a series will not be set). Taylor and MacLaurin series and their application to the local approximation of a function by a polynomial and to finding limits. (Knowledge of and use of the exact form of the remainder are excluded.) Differentiation of functions of one variable including function of a function and implicit differentiation; changing variables in a differential equation, Leibniz's theorem. Integration including the methods of integration by parts and by change of variable, though only simple uses of these techniques will be required, such as [long s]xsinxdx and [long s]xexp(-x2)dx. The relation between integration and differentiation ie [long s]ab dx(df/dx) and d/dx([long s]axdx'f(x')).

Vectors: Vector algebra, scalar and vector products, triple products. Elementary vector geometry of lines and planes. Time dependent vectors and differentiation of vectors, simple applications to mechanics.

Differential calculus of functions of more than one variable: Functions of two variables as surfaces. Partial differentiation, chain rule and differentials and their use to evaluate small changes. Simple transformations of first order coefficients (questions on transformations of higher order coefficients are excluded). Taylor expansion for two variables, maxima, minima and saddle points of functions of two variables. Lagrange multipliers for stationary points of functions of two variables.

Multiple integrals and vector analysis: Double Integrals and their evaluation by repeated integration in Cartesian, plane polar and other specified coordinate systems. Jacobians. Line, surface and volume integrals, evaluation by change of variables

(Cartesian, plane polar, spherical polar coordinates and cylindrical coordinates only unless the transformation to be used is specified). Integrals around closed curves and exact differentials. Green's theorem in the plane. Scalar and vector fields. The operations of grad, div and curl and understanding and use of identities involving these. The statements of the theorems of Gauss, Green and Stokes with simple applications. Conservative fields.

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Subject 17. Mathematics: 2

Linearity and its importance in physics. Complex algebra: Complex numbers, definitions and operations. The Argand diagram; modulus and argument (phase) and their geometric interpretation; curves in the Argand diagram. De Moivre's theorem and its applications to evaluation of the roots of unity, to the solution of polynomial equations and to the summation of series of sines and cosines. Elementary functions

(polynomial, trigonometric, exponential, hyperbolic, logarithmic) of a complex variable. (Complex transformations and complex differentiation and integration are excluded.)

Matrices: Elementary properties (addition, multiplication, inverse) of two- and three- dimensional matrices. Determinants: minors, cofactors, evaluation by row and column manipulation. Application of matrix methods to the solution of simultaneous linear equations; cases in which solutions are unique, non-unique or do not exist; geometric interpretation of these cases. Linear independence.

Ordinary differential equations: Classification and terminology. Linear homogeneous differential equations and superposition. First order linear differential equations; integrating factors. Second order linear differential equations with constant coefficients; complementary functions and particular integrals; applications to damped and forced vibrations and to complex impedance in AC circuits. Simultaneous linear differential equations: solutions by elimination and by a suitable choice of coordinates.

Normal modes: Coupled undamped oscillations in systems with two degrees of freedom. Normal frequencies, and amplitude ratios in normal modes. General solutions (for two coupled oscillators) as a superposition of modes. Total energy, and individual mode energies.

The one dimensional wave equation: Derivation, and application to transverse waves on a stretched string. Characteristics of wave motion: amplitude, phase, frequency, wavelength, wavenumber, wave vector, phase velocity. (Questions on sound waves in gases will not be set.) Modes of a string with fixed end points (standing waves); general solution as a superposition of modes. Energy in a vibrating string. Travelling waves: energy, power, impedance, reflection and transmission at a boundary.

Fourier series: General series with both sine and cosine functions. Formulae for the Fourier coefficients. Full-range and half-range series, even and odd functions. Discontinuities; summation of series; integration and differentiation of Fourier series.(Questions on Parseval's theorem will not be set.)

Partial differential equations in two independent variables: Method of separation of variables for the one-dimensional wave equation; separation constants; boundary and initial conditions. Method of separation of variables for Laplace's equation in two dimensions, using Cartesian and polar coordinates. Solution of boundary and initial value problems using Fourier series.'

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3 Committee on Continuing Education

Postgraduate Certificate (Continuing Education)

Architectural History

With immediate effect

In Examination Decrees, 1997, p. 966, after l. 19, insert:

`1. Course

(a) The course will consist of lectures and classes on architectural history and on site evaluation and survey. The course may be taken on a part-time basis over a period which shall normally be of one year's duration and shall not exceed two years.

(b) The course will consist of three taught units, two of which will be on architectural history and one of which will be on site evaluation and survey, which will be offered in three ten-week terms.

2.Every candidate will be required to satisfy the examiners in the following:

(a) attendance at the classroom-based courses;

(b) submission of the following portfolio of written work:

(i) three essays or projects linked to unit one each of which shall not exceed 1,500 words in length;

(ii) two essays linked to unit two, each of which shall not exceed 2,500 words in length;

(iii) a workbook linked to unit three;

(iv) a dissertation which shall not exceed 8,000 words in length on a topic agreed by the Board of Studies.

The assignments under (i)–(iii) and the dissertation under (iv) will be forwarded to the examiners c/o the Registry, Department for Continuing Education, Wellington Square, Oxford OX1 2JD by such dates as the examiners shall determine and shall notify to candidates.

3. Candidates will be expected to attend a viva voce examination at the end of the course of studies unless dispensed by the examiners.

4. The examiners may award a distinction to candidates for the certificate.

5. Candidates who fail to satisfy the examiners in the assignments under 2.(i)–(iii), or the dissertation under 2.(iv), or both, may be permitted to resubmit work in respect of part or parts of the examination which they have failed for examination on not more than one occasion which shall normally be within one year of the initial failure.'

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The examiners appointed by the following faculty boards give notice of oral examination of their candidates as follows:

Biological Sciences

J.M. SONNENFIELD, Brasenose: `StpA from Salmonella typhimurium and Escherichia coli'.
Department of Plant Sciences, Friday, 9 January, 2 p.m.
Examiners: P.B. Rainey, D. Maskell.

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English Language and Literature

C. MARLIN, Lady Margaret Hall: `A prison officer and a gentleman: the life and writings of Major Arthur Griffiths (1838–1908), prison inspector and novelist'.
St Hugh's, Monday, 12 January, 2 p.m.
Examiners: P.D. McDonald, J. Richards.

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Literae Humaniores

J. TAYLOR, Balliol: `Time and tense'.
Examination Schools, Wednesday, 21 January, 10 a.m.
Examiners: R. Le Poidevin, R.G. Swinburne.

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Medieval and Modern Languages

J. DOWLING, Wolfson: `Moyd un kale, froy un vayb: characterisation of the feminine in early eighteenth-century Yiddish chapbooks'.
Examination Schools, Monday, 12 January, 2 p.m.
Examiners: D.F. Cram, A. Paucker.

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Modern History

E. CHALUS, Wolfson: `Women in English political life, 1754–90'.
Somerville, Monday, 26 January, 9.30 a.m.
Examiners: J.M. Innes, J. Brewer.

S.N. HAIDER, New College: `The monetary system of the Mughal Empire'.
St Antony's, Friday, 16 January, 2.15 p.m.
Examiners: C.A. Bayly, A.D.H. Bivar.

M.C. KILBURN, St John's: `Royalty and public in Britain 1714–89'.
Somerville, Wednesday, 14 January, 2.15 p.m.
Examiners: J.M. Innes, F.K. Prochaska.

J. WATSON, Balliol: `The internal dynamics of Gaullism, 1958–69'.
Social Studies Faculty Centre, Wednesday, 14 January, 2.15 p.m.
Examiners: J.E.S. Hayward, J. Jackson.

J. WRIGHT, Magdalen: `Religious dissimulation, conformity, and compromise in England c.1547–c.1603'.
Jesus, Monday, 5 January, 2 p.m.
Examiners: F.M. Heal, E. Duffy.

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Physical Sciences

R. COLDEA, Linacre: `Neutron scattering studies of two magnetic phase transitions'.
Brasenose, Monday, 22 December, 10 a.m.
Examiners: A.M. Tsvelik, G. Haydon.

D.J. LEE, Brasenose: `The effects of damping and of retardation in models of superconductivity'.
Sub-department of Theoretical Physics, Sunday, 4 January, 9.30 a.m.
Examiners: N. Dorey, I. Kogan.

R. SMITH, Christ Church: `Terrain-aided navigation of an underwater vehicle'.
Department of Engineering Science, Monday, 12 January, 10 a.m.
Examiners: M.L.G. Oldfield, D.M. Lane.

T.T. TUCKER, Balliol: `Investigations into the generation and cycloaddition reactions of chiral carbonyl ylides'.
Dyson Perrins Laboratory, Wednesday, 7 January, 2 p.m.
Examiners: C.J. Moody, M.G. Moloney.

R. WILMOUTH, Worcester: `Structural studies on the mechanism and inhibition of elastase'.
Dyson Perrins Laboratory, Monday, 5 January, 10.30 a.m.
Examiners: V. Fulop, R.A. Field.

J.R. WOODWARD, Pembroke: `The effect of magnetic fields in chemistry and physiology'.
Old Physiology Building, Wednesday, 7 January, 2.15 p.m.
Examiners: B. Brocklehurst, D.T. Edmonds.

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Physiological Sciences

N. CLARKE, St Cross: `Neuronal microcircuits of the entopeduncolar nucleus and subthalmic nucleus in the rat'.
Department of Pharmacology, Monday, 19 January, 11.30 a.m.
Examiners: A.D. Smith, Y. Smith.

G. HEINERT, St Hugh's: `Hypoxic and hypercapnic cerebal vasodilatation'.
University Laboratory of Physiology, Wednesday, 7 January, 10.45 a.m.
Examiners: A. Guz, P.A. Robbins.

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Psychological Studies

L. SHIH CHING TAN, Linacre: `Numerical understanding in infancy'.
Department of Experimental Psychology, Monday, 12 January, 11 a.m.
Examiners: P.L. Harris, J.G. Bremner.

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Social Studies

P.A. JONES, St Antony's: `Working it out in Africa: empirical essays on African wages, productivity, and skill formation'.
Examination Schools, Monday, 5 January, 2 p.m.
Examiners: P. Collier, A. Wood.

G. MAVROTAS, Lincoln: `The effectiveness of foreign aid: a study using disaggregated data'.
St Hilda's, Tuesday, 20 January, 10 a.m.
Examiners: M.B. Gregory, D. Greenaway.