University Agenda

Contents of this section:

[Note. An asterisk denotes a reference to a previously published or recurrent entry.]

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CONGREGATION 3 June

Notice

The meeting of Congregation is cancelled. The sole business comprises questions to which no opposition has been notified and in respect of which no request for an adjournment has been received, and Mr Vice- Chancellor will accordingly declare the preambles adopted without a meeting under the provisions of Tit. II, Sect. iii, cl. 11 (Statutes, 1995, p. 8).

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CONGREGATION 17 June 2 p.m.

¶ Members of Congregation are reminded that written notice of any intention to vote against the preamble of the statute at item 1 below, or the special resolutions at item 2 below, signed in each case by at least two members of Congregation, must be given to the Registrar by noon on Monday, 9 June.

1 Promulgation of Statute

Statute: Provision for professorial fellowships at Kellogg College

Explanatory note

The existing statute relating to Kellogg College does not make provision for it to elect professorial fellows as a specific category of fellow. The post of Director of the Oxford University Museum of Natural History, which is of professorial status, has been associated with the college, and Council has approved the college's request that specific provision be made to allow it to elect the holder of this post, and the holders of any comparable posts which may from time to time be allocated to it, to the appropriate category of fellowship. The following statue, and the decree to be made by Council if the statute is approved, provide accordingly.

WHEREAS it is expedient to make provision to enable Kellogg College to elect professorial fellows, THE UNIVERSITY ENACTS AS FOLLOWS.

In Tit. VII, Sect. V (Statutes, 1995, p. 47), insert as new cl. 10 as follows and renumber existing cll. 10--11 as cll. 11- -12:

`10. The governing body may elect to Professorial Fellowships at the college, on terms approved by Council, university professors, university readers, and holders of other university offices which are declared by any university statute or decree to qualify the holder for a Professorial Fellowship.'

Decree to be made by Council if the Statute is approved

1 In Ch. VII, Sect. VII, § 1, SCHEDULE, concerning persons whose offices entitle them to hold fellowships (Statutes, 1995, p. 503), after `Keeper of the Museum of the History of Science' insert:

`Director of the Oxford University Museum of Natural History'. 2 Ibid., § 2, SCHEDULE A, concerning persons whose offices qualify them to hold professorial fellowships (p. 504), after `The Director of Postgraduate Medical Education and Training' insert:

`The Director of the Oxford University Museum of Natural History'.

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2 Voting on Special Resolutions

Special Resolution (1): Conferment of Degree by Diploma

That the conferment of the Degree of Doctor of Civil Law by Diploma upon HIS EXCELLENCY VÁCLAV HAVEL, President of the Czech Republic, be approved.

¶ If the special resolution is approved, the degree will be conferred at a ceremony on a date to be announced.

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Special Resolution (2): Site for the Institute for American Studies

Explanatory note

Council has noted that sufficient funds are now in place to allow the proposed development of the Institute for American Studies to proceed, and has agreed, on the recommendation of the Buildings Committee, to promote the following special resolution allocating a site behind No. 1 South Parks Road for a building of approximately 2,200 sq.m. to house the institute.

Text of Special Resolution (2)

That a site behind No. 1 South Parks Road be allocated for a building of approximately 2,200 sq.m. to house the Institute for American Studies.

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Special Resolution (3): Said Business School

Explanatory note

Council announced in the Gazette of 16 January 1997 (p. 592) that Council, Mr Said and his fellow Trustees of the Wafic Rida Said Business School Foundation had jointly concluded that it was not appropriate to proceed with the proposal to build new premises for the University's Business School on the Mansfield Road site, and hence Council had resolved to withdraw the decision to hold a postal vote on the earlier resolution to allocate that site. Council also indicated that it would make every effort to identify, and if appropriate to secure, an alternative site, given the joint commitment of Council, Mr Said and his fellow trustees to the goal of developing a world-class business school on a central site in Oxford. This was on the basis that the search would continue until the end of Trinity Term 1997 and that a further report would be made to Congregation during or at the end of that period. In the meantime Mr Said agreed to await the outcome of that search before deciding with his fellow trustees the position in respect of his earlier offer of a benefaction of £20m for the University's Business School.

Council now believes that it has identified an entirely satisfactory site for the new building and is at an advanced stage in seeking to acquire the freehold. On the assumption that it is able to do so, the following special resolution allocates a site of up to 2.4 acres on the Oxford station forecourt for the construction of a building for the school if planning consent for the building is given. Mr Said and his fellow trustees have indicated their willingness to accept the site and, if the special resolution is adopted and planning permission is obtained, Mr Said has generously agreed to make his £20m benefaction.

The resolution therefore also seeks the endorsement by Congregation of the arrangements which would govern Mr Said's benefaction. These are set out in further detail in the following paragraphs of this explanatory note and in the decree set out below which Council will make if the special resolution is approved. These arrangements represent what in the view of Council and the General Board are entirely appropriate arrangements for the University and the University's Business School. They take account of the views of Congregation as expressed in the debate on 5 November 1996 and of discussions both in the context of Mr Said's original offer and subsequently between representatives of the University and Mr Said and the Trustees of the Said Business School Foundation. In the view of Council and the General Board the proposed arrangements fully address both the concerns expressed earlier by members of Congregation and those of Mr Said and his fellow trustees.

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The site

After an exhaustive trawl of possibilities, the University's Working Party on Sites, chaired by the Master of Balliol, identified as the sole possible alternative site, given the timescale on which the University wished to proceed, the station forecourt site off Botley Road, currently owned by Railtrack. In so doing, the working party eliminated as a possibility the Radcliffe Infirmary site, since it became clear during discussions held with the relevant NHS authorities during Hilary Term that there was no possibility of the early acquisition of either part of that site or an existing building adequate to accommodate the requirements of the school, though discussions on the acquisition of that site for university purposes in the longer term are proceeding. The working party thought that the station site was entirely suitable for a world-class business school, offering the advantages of ample area, proximity to the rest of the University, location by the rail and western road entries to the city and a highly visible road frontage. Council and the General Board share this view and have also noted that the location of a prestigious building on this site, with appropriate landscaping, will do much to improve the amenity of this area and significantly enhance the western approach to the city.

The station site comprises a total of 4.3 acres, of which some 0.7 acres constitute the Rewley Abbey ruins and therefore cannot be developed. The site is currently zoned as 2.3 acres for offices and 2 acres (at the rear of the site, including the Rewley Abbey ruins) for an hotel. The site has not been marketed by Railtrack, and its possible availability came to light only during the inquiries carried out by the working party following the rejection of the Mansfield Road site. Council and the General Board, on the recommendation of their joint Resources Committee, agreed in Hilary Term to pursue the purchase of a number of sites in central Oxford, as and when they came on the market, for future university development, including the station forecourt site itself.

The proposal is that the University should allocate a site of some 2.4 acres (the precise extent has yet to be determined) on that part of the site immediately adjacent to Botley Road for use by the Business School. The University would retain the freehold of the site but would grant a 299-year lease to the Said Business School Foundation to enable it to construct thereon a building for the school. Both the site and the building would be owned by the University, but the University would lease both site and building to the foundation for 299 years, and would do so at a peppercorn rent for so long as the site was used for the school or such other use as may be agreed between the University and the foundation. Details of the proposed arrangements are set out in clauses 8 and 12 of the decree. The value of the site leased would count towards the University's contribution by way of matching funding (see below). The foundation would then buy from the University or from Railtrack the balance of the site (i.e. some 2 acres of the total 4.3-acre site). This space may well be needed for possible future expansion of the school, and will be made available by the foundation to the school on such terms as the University and the foundation may agree. In the interim it would be used for landscaping purposes. It includes in any case the Rewley Abbey ruins which cannot be built on and could be used only as an architectural and historical feature of the development. The circumstances which would apply in the event that the building ceased to be used for the Business School, or it were to be decided that there was no longer a need for any expansion space, are set out in clauses 9 and 11 respectively of the decree. As will be seen, the University has an option, but no obligation, to buy back the lease or purchase the adjacent site (unless in the case of the latter planning permission has not been granted and vacant possession not obtained within one year of the date of the decree, in which case the foundation will sell to the University, and the University will buy, the adjacent site at cost, plus VAT if applicable, as indicated in clause 10).

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Funding

As will be seen from the first clause of the decree, Mr Said's £20m benefaction would be used for two purposes: £2m would be for the purchase of the adjacent site and £18m for the construction of a building on the site. It is estimated that construction costs will amount to some £20m, that in addition there will be VAT of some £4m and fees of some £3m. Given that the benefactor is making available £18m for the building itself, there is a funding gap of some £9m on the costs of the building, which it is expected the University should seek to bridge by fund raising, making use of naming opportunities within the building. All funding other than the cost of the site itself will be raised from outside sources. In detail, the breakdown of the University's contribution is expected to be as follows:

(a) value of the site (say, £3.75m);

(b) endowment of posts (£12.25m, of which £8m has already been raised); and

(c) the funding gap on the building (£9m). The University would have until the completion of the building (by, say, the year 2000 at the earliest) to raise the matching funding. There have already been very positive discussions with a potential benefactor who is considering making a significant contribution towards the shortfall of £9m, provided that the proposals receive the whole-hearted support of Congregation and that the potential benefactor is content with the overall plans and design of the buildings of which his contribution will form part. Mr Said has also indicated his willingness, if the benefaction proceeds, to make an interest-free loan to cover a proportion of any shortfall (not more than £5m on funding for the building itself) for a period of not more than two-and-a-half years from the completion of the building, thus allowing the University five years in all to raise that part of the matching funding. The Development Office is confident that on this timescale it will be able to raise the balance of funding required.

The sources from which funds for posts have been raised to date have been bodies such as the Peter Moores Foundation, the American Standard Company and The Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company, which would not have made funds available for other activities within the University. The same is true of Mr Said's benefaction and is likely to be true of the sources from which the balance of matching funding will be raised. These bodies by their generous benefactions have recognised and endorsed the University's intention to create a world-class school.

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Said Business School Foundation

At present, whilst the original deed of trust governing the Wafic Rida Said Business School Foundation continues to be registered with the Charities Commission, it has lapsed since the conditions upon which it was based, for example the availability of the Mansfield Road site, have not been fulfilled. A new deed of trust for a new foundation, to be named the Said Business School Foundation, would have to be drafted in the event that Congregation approved the special resolution. The decree set out below, however, encapsulates the main terms of what would be included in the trust deed. Council and the General Board wish to draw to Congregation's attention the decision by Mr Said and his fellow trustees to change the composition of the foundation's board of trustees from six appointed by the benefactor and four appointed by the University to four each appointed by the benefactor and the University with two further trustees being appointed entirely independently by eminent business- or finance-related bodies. It was always Mr Said's intention that there should be a majority of trustees from the external world and he has therefore proposed the new breakdown of the composition of the board as a means of maintaining this objective. At the same time, this composition will make clear that he does not wish, and has never wished, to control the foundation. Mr Said was also concerned by suggestions that the foundation could interfere in the academic direction and day-to-day management of the school, and he and his trustees have therefore proposed an explicit disclaimer of this intention in the decree (clause 2).

In addition, in the new trust deed the purposes of the founder would be expressed as

(a) to further the advancement of world-class management education in Britain by the development of a Business School at Oxford University;

(b) to promote a genuine partnership between business and business schools with a view to helping to improve Britain's economic performance; and

(c) to recognise the welcome extended to the founder in Britain over many years and his attachment to the British people.

The principal charitable object of the foundation would be the development, promotion, and support of the Said Business School and the design, building, and maintenance of a building or buildings for the school. The powers of the trustees are expected to be:

(a) to invest trust moneys, including the power to appoint managers in respect of the foundation's investments;

(b) to promote support for the school;

(c) with the consent of the Director of the school, to make grants in support of the school;

(d) to solicit and accept donations or other financial assistance in co-ordination with the University;

(e) to appoint committees from time to time, provided that these committees include at least one trustee member, that their proceedings are reported promptly to the board, and that they cannot incur expenditure without a budget which has been approved by the board;

(f) to appoint advisers and agents;

(g) to open and maintain accounts at banks;

( h) to insure buildings which are part of the Foundation Fund;

(i) to build, enlarge, or improve buildings subject to the approval of the University in so far as the requirements of the school are concerned;

(j) to sell or lease land;

(k) to accept, purchase, or lease premises for offices;

(l) to permit buildings to be used by the University for the school;

(m) to provide for indemnity insurance for the trustees;

(n) to do all such other lawful things as shall further the charitable objects.

There will also be provision for such points of detail as provision for proxies, the fact that decisions of the board and the Buildings Committee will be made by a simple majority (in the case of the Buildings Committee provided that both the Vice-Chancellor and the benefactor assent to the decision of the majority), and provisions for amendments to the trust deed other than as provided for in clause 18 of the decree (i.e. that these may be made by four-fifths of the trustees). One crucial role of the Foundation's Buildings Committee will be to ensure that the project keeps within budget.

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The directorship of the school

The position regarding the appointment of the Director is set out in clause 13 of the decree. Council and the General Board have endorsed these arrangements and are confident that they will work satisfactorily. As explained above, the board of the foundation would consist of four representatives of the University, four representatives of the benefactor (expected to be persons of eminence in the world of business, finance or business studies), and two independent members of eminence in the world of business or finance. The University would not in any case wish to appoint a director of its business school who would not command the whole-hearted support of such a board.

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The Committee for the School and its Council

Clause 15 of the decree broadly reflects the current provisions in Ch. III, Sect. LIII (Statutes, 1995, pp. 301--3) governing the composition of the Committee for the School and the proportion of members of the committee to be elected by the Council, save that it amends the provision for persons to be elected or co-opted `who need not be members of Congregation' to provide explicitly that in general they should not be members but persons from outside the University drawn from appropriate walks of life. It is recognised that the University must be in a position to amend its own legislation as and when appropriate, and it is envisaged that this will be achieved through the operation of clause 18 of the draft decree.

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Salaries of members of academic staff of the school

Council and the General Board are fully aware of concerns which have been expressed in respect of possible levels of salary of members of academic staff within the school in comparison with other academic staff of the University. They also recognise a number of concerns generally about the University's current salary structures and the effects of these on recruitment, concerns which may need to be addressed irrespective of developments in Management Studies. At the same time the General Board has had to address unique problems of recruitment, even greater than those experienced in other disciplines, in certain specific areas (e.g. Finance) within Management Studies. The General Board and Council have therefore agreed arrangements, under which some enhancement will be possible, through the voluntary surrender of some proportion of the entitlement to up to 30 days' consultancy and the assumption of additional teaching duties. These arrangements will be operated under the Board's aegis through a small joint working party of representatives of the Board and the school and on the basis that each case will be brought individually to the Board for consideration. (The school itself is anxious in so far as possible to work within the existing framework of academic appointments, and these arrangements would be operable only when an attempt to fill a post on standard university terms had been made and had proved to be unsuccessful.)

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Summary

Following discussion within the University of the reports written by the committees chaired respectively by Sir Claus Moser and Mr Donald Hay, it has been the University's intention since 1990 to embark on a major expansion of Management Studies. From the outset it has been clear that significant external funding would be required to support this expansion, and the target under the Campaign for Oxford was set at £40m. These plans have evolved, but the total cost of the development has changed little in broad terms. The proposals currently before Congregation reflect these intentions.

The school aims to establish itself quickly as a world-class institution ranking with the best schools in Europe and the United States. Most of the leading schools in Europe are stand-alone institutions, a fact which creates a particular opportunity for Oxford to develop a school which, like some American institutions, is closely integrated into a major university.

One of the primary goals of the school is to make a research contribution of international distinction. Management Studies is the study of the structure of organisations, the behaviour of people in those organisations and their interaction with the rest of society. It is concerned with the way in which organisations can be best arranged to achieve the goals of society and how they respond to its changing needs and technological opportunities. Its focus is on the workings of some of the most important institutions of the late twentieth century analogous to scholarly interest in the church, the monarchy and government in previous generations. There are plans for major research initiatives in international business and the management of technology which will be undertaken jointly with Economics, Politics, Engineering, and other Sciences. Its existing undergraduate programmes involve joint degrees with Engineering and Economics, and there are plans to develop Management as a component of other joint degrees.

The new MBA admitted its first students in 1996 and these are at present accommodated in temporary premises in the Radcliffe Infirmary. The first year's programme, with 49 students of high academic calibre recruited from 22 countries and now members of 23 colleges, draws on not only the existing Management Studies Faculty but also lecturers in Economics, Law, Politics, and Science. Eleven colleges now have fellows in Management Studies and a further four have college lecturers.

The development of the school will be situated physically and intellectually in the heart of the University. It will act as a focal point in bringing together the academic expertise of the University as a whole with business and with government. By educating the international business leaders of the next century it will enable Oxford to maintain and develop the University's influential role in public affairs around the world.

Council and the General Board firmly believe that the benefaction from Mr Said would provide the University with a unique opportunity for realising its plans in full and on terms which are fully acceptable. In the light of the above, Council and the General Board ask Congregation to approve the following special resolution.

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Text of Special Resolution (3)

That this House

(a) endorse the development of the School of Management Studies, to be renamed the Said Business School in the event of a benefaction from Mr Said being forthcoming, through the construction of a new building on the Oxford station forecourt site on the broad terms and conditions set out in the explanatory note to this resolution and in the decree published with this resolution;

(b) agree, subject to the acquisition by the University of the freehold of the site, to allocate a site of up to 2.4 acres for the construction of a building for the school if planning consent for the building is given; and

(c) endorse the terms of the decree set out below which Council will make if the resolution is approved.

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Decree to be made by Council if the Special Resolution is approved

1. In the light of the munificent benefaction of £20 million by Mr Wafic Rida Said for the University's School of Management Studies, the School shall be renamed the Said Business School. £18 million of this benefaction shall be used towards the construction of a building for the School, and the remaining £2 million for the purchase of a site (the `adjacent site') adjacent to the site for the School which will be held by the Foundation for the future expansion requirements of the School.

2. Notwithstanding any provisions of this decree the academic direction and day-to-day management of the School shall be entirely and exclusively the responsibility of the University.

3. For the purposes of a deed of trust to be executed there shall be a Body of Trustees of the Said Business School Foundation and such Trustees shall consist of

(1) the Vice-Chancellor of the University for the time being;

(2) the Benefactor or his successor in title;

(3) a distingished representative from the worlds of business or finance who shall be nominated by the President of the Confederation of British Industry, or by the President or Chairman of such other eminent business- or finance-related successor body as the Trustees may decide;

(4) a distinguished representative from the worlds of business or finance who shall be nominated by an eminent business- or finance-related body or its President or Chairman, the nominating body or nominating person to be decided by the Trustees and to remain constant as far as circumstances permit;

(5)--(7) three representatives of the University to be appointed by the Vice-Chancellor after consultation with Council;

(8)--(10) three representatives to be appointed by the Benefactor.

The Chairman of the Trustees, who shall have no casting vote, will be elected by the Trustees from among their number to serve for two years and shall be eligible for re-election.

4. With the exception of the Benefactor no person shall become or remain a Trustee after reaching the age of 75 years. The person or body appointing any Trustee (or his, her or its successor in title) shall have power from time to time to revoke the appointment with immediate effect and shall have power to make new appointments of Trustees, subject to the provisions of cl. 3, in place of Trustees who were appointed by him, her or it and who have died, retired or whose appointment has been revoked. Any Trustee who desires to retire may do so two months after giving to the other Trustees notice in writing of such desire.

5. The quorum for meetings of the Trustees shall be six Trustees, including at least two of the Trustees referred to in cl. 3(1), (5)--(7) and at least two of the Trustees referred to in cl. 3(2), (8)--(10).

6. The Trustees shall be responsible for the construction of a building for the School. They shall acquire and hold the adjacent site as Trustees of the Foundation and shall fulfil their responsibilities under the trust deed of the Foundation.

7. There shall be a Buildings Committee of the Board of Trustees which shall supervise generally and shall oversee the construction of the building of the School on the site. The Buildings Committee shall be composed as follows:

(1) the Vice-Chancellor;

(2) the Benefactor;

(3) one member to be appointed by the Vice-Chancellor after consultation with Council with the approval of the Benefactor, such approval not to be unreasonably withheld or delayed; and

(4) one member to be appointed by the Benefactor with the approval of the Vice-Chancellor after consultation with Council, such approval not to be unreasonably withheld or delayed.

The quorum for meetings of the Buildings Committee shall be all four members.

8. The University shall grant the Said Business School Foundation a 299-year lease of the site for the building for the School and of the building to be erected on the site. For as long as the building is used for the School or such other use as may be agreed between the University and the Foundation the University will charge the Foundation a peppercorn rent for the lease.

9. If during the period of the lease for any reason after the construction and furnishing of the building have been completed the building shall cease for a continuous period of twelve months to be used exclusively as the School, then either

(a) the University and the Said Business School Foundation will agree an alternative use for the building; or, if this is not possible,

(b) the Foundation will offer the University the option to buy the lease for a consideration equal to the open market value at that time of the lease, less the proportion to the original cost of the building and the site represented by funding raised from sources other than the Foundation or the Benefactor, plus VAT if applicable.

The open market value assumes

(i) a willing seller;

(ii) a willing buyer;

(iii) that there had been a reasonable period for the proper marketing of the lease;

(iv) that no account is taken of any additional bid by a purchaser with a special interest;

(v) that there is no restriction on the assignment of the lease;

(vi) that the use of the site and building is not limited to the use as a Business School.

The open market value shall be determined by agreement between a valuer appointed by the University and a valuer appointed by the Foundation within six months from the date of cessation and if not so agreed within that time shall be determined by an arbitrator, such arbitrator to be nominated (in the absence of agreement) by the President for the time being of the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors and the arbitration to be conducted in accordance with the Arbitration Acts 1950 and 1979 or any statutory modification or re-enactment thereof for the time being in force.

If neither (a) nor (b) above is agreed within one year, then the Foundation will be free for the remainder of the lease to use the building for whatever purpose it wishes, including an assignment of the lease, at such rent, if any, as may be agreed between the University and the Foundation.

10. The benefaction is conditional on planning permission for the building on the main site being granted, vacant possession of the entire site being obtained, and the problem of the routing of services away from the site being resolved to the satisfaction of the Foundation. If these conditions are not met within one year of the date of this decree, then the Foundation will sell, and the University will buy, the adjacent site for the amount for which the Foundation purchased it plus VAT if applicable. 11. If it ever transpires that the School will not need the adjacent site for expansion purposes and the Foundation decides to sell the adjacent site, the University will be given the right of first refusal on the purchase of this land. 12. For as long as the building is used for the School or such other use as may be agreed between the University and the Foundation the University will be responsible for

(a) insuring the building on behalf of the Foundation on a full reinstatement basis;

(b) maintaining the structure, repair and decoration of the building to a standard consistent with its use as a pre-eminent world-class business school;

(c) the operation and use of the building according to current Health and Safety legislation and the University's policies for such buildings;

(d) upgrading the building to meet changes in legislation. 13. The Directorship of the School, which shall be called the Peter Moores Directorship, shall be held for a period of five years and may be renewed for periods of five years thereafter. The appointment of the Director shall be made by Council, on the recommendation of the General Board, after consultation with the Peter Moores Foundation and with the approval of the Said Business School Foundation, such approval not to be unreasonably withheld. 14. The income from non-publicly funded courses offered by the School will be paid into the School budget for the support of its activities. Income from research grants and contracts will be treated in the same way. The income so received by the School will be used exclusively for the support of the School's activities except that the University may deduct in any year up to 22 per cent (or such other percentage as may be agreed from time to time between the University and the Foundation, such agreement not to be unreasonably withheld) of the income so paid into the School's budget to meet the reasonable costs of support provided from the central facilities of the University to the School in respect of services used by the School such as are illustrated in (a)--(d) below:

(a) use of central academic facilities such as the Bodleian Library, the faculty libraries, computing services and the language centre and any other relevant facilities;

(b) the use of the central services for the payment of bills, the operation of the payroll and the organisation of superannuation accounting and of personnel services;

(c) the use of central administrative services such as committee servicing, examination arrangements and the award of degrees; and

(d) the use of building and maintenance services.

15. Notwithstanding the provisions of Ch. III, Sect. LIII, not more than one-third or less than one-fourth of the members of the Committee for the School (currently known as the Committee for the School of Management Studies) will be elected by the Council for Business Studies (currently known as the Council for Management Studies) (`the Council') from amongst persons from industry, finance, government, public service, and sponsors of the School, such persons not generally being members of Congregation.

16. The Benefactor shall be entitled to appoint, to one of the places identified in cl. 15, one member of the Committee for the School.

17. The Benefactor shall be entitled to appoint one member to the Council.

18. This decree may be modified and/or replaced in whole or in part by further decrees or statutes, provided that the Trustees of the Said Business School Foundation shall first have approved the modification or replacement,

(a) in the case of cll. 1--14 and cll. 16--18 by a four-fifths majority; and

(b) in the case of cl. 15 by a simple majority.

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CONGREGATION 25 June

1 Encaenia

Mr Vice-Chancellor invites Pro-Vice-Chancellors, Heads of Houses, holders of the Oxford Degrees of Doctor of Divinity, Civil Law, Medicine, Music, Letters, and Science, the Proctors, the Assessor, the Public Orator, the Professor of Poetry, and the Registrar to partake of Lord Crewe's Benefaction to the University, meeting him in the Hall of Jesus College at 10.45 a.m. on Wednesday, 25 June. Thence they will go in procession to the Sheldonian Theatre, where will be spoken the Oration in Commemoration of the Benefactors of the University according to the intention of the Right Honourable Nathaniel, Lord Crewe, Bishop of Durham.

Note. Pro-Vice-Chancellors, Heads of Houses, and Doctors who propose to accept Mr Vice-Chancellor's invitation, and to be present in the Sheldonian Theatre, are requested to inform his Secretary at the University Offices, Wellington Square, not later than Wednesday, 18 June. They are reminded that, while hte academic dress of other universities may (if desired) be worn at the Encaenia Garden Party, the appropriate Oxford academic dress should always be worn at the partaking of Lord Crewe's Benefaction and at the Encaenia Ceremony.

2 Degree by Diploma

Doctor of Civil Law

HIS EXCELLENCY PROFESSOR ROMAN HERZOG, President of the Federal Republic of Germany

3 Honorary Degrees

Doctor of Civil Law

SIR MARTIN JACOMB, MA, Honorary Fellow of Worcester College, and Chairman of the British Council, of Prudential Corporation PLC, and of Delta PLC

Doctors of Letters

PROFESSOR PATRICK COLLINSON, CBE (MA Cambridge; PH.D. London), FBA, F.R.HIST.S., FAHA, Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge, Regius Professor of Modern History Emeritus, University of Cambridge, and formerly Ford's Lecturer in English History and Visiting Fellow of All Souls College

PROFESSOR SEAMUS JUSTIN HEANEY, MA (BA Belfast), Honorary Fellow of Magdalen and St John's Colleges, formerly Boylston Professor of Rhetoric and Oratory, Harvard University, and Professor of Poetry

Doctors of Science

PROFESSOR FREEMAN JOHN DYSON (BA Cambridge), FRS, Honorary Fellow of Green College, Professor Emeritus, School of Natural Sciences, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, and formerly Radcliffe Lecturer and Tanner Lecturer at Brasenose College

PROFESSOR ANNE MCLAREN, DBE, MA, D.PHIL., FRS, FRCOG, Honorary Fellow of Lady Margaret Hall, and of King's and Lucy Cavendish Colleges, Cambridge, Principal Research Associate, Wellcome/Cancer Research Campaign Institute, Cambridge, and Fullerian Professor of Physiology at the Royal Institution

Doctor of Music

SIR CHARLES MACKERRAS, AC, CBE, HON. RAM, FRCM, conductor

¶ Congregation had also approved by special resolution the conferment at this year's Encaenia of the Degree of Doctor of Civil Law, honoris causa, upon THE RT. HON. THE LORD TAYLOR OF GOSFORTH, PC (MA Cambridge), Honorary Fellow of Pembroke College, Cambridge, and formerly Lord Chief Justice of England, but the University subsequently received with great regret the news that Lord Taylor had died on 28 April 1997.

Arrangments for admission to the Sheldonian Theatre, which will be by ticket only, are published in `Notices' below.

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