Examinations and Boards

Contents of this section:

[Note. An asterisk denotes a reference to a previously published or recurrent entry.]

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CHANGES IN REGULATIONS

With the approval of the General Board, the following changes in regulations made by boards of faculties and committees will come into effect on 17 May.

1 Board of the Faculty of Anthropology and Geography and Committee for Archaeology

(a) Honour Moderations in Archaeology and Anthropology

With effect from 1 October 1996 (for first examination in 1997)

1 In Examination Decrees , 1995, p. 28, l. 17, delete `Case studies in archaeological methods' and substitute `The nature of archaeological enquiry'.

2 Ibid., l. 22, after `available to' insert `the chairman of'.

3 Ibid., l. 27, after `of study.' insert `These notebooks must bear the candidate's examination number but not the candidate's name, which must be concealed.'

4 Ibid., l. 28, after `course of practical work' insert `to the satisfaction of the examiners'.

(b) Honour School of Archaeology and Anthropology

With effect from 1 October 1996 (for first examination in 1997)

1 In Examination Decrees , 1995, p. 140, l. 3, after `available to' insert `the chairman of the'.

2 Ibid., l. 9, after `of study.' insert `These notebooks must bear the candidate's examination number but not the candidate's name, which must be concealed.'

3 Ibid., l. 10, after `course of practical work' insert `to the satisfaction of the examiners'.

4 Ibid., p. 142, l. 10, delete `with the thesis' and substitute `at the same time that the thesis is submitted, but in a separate sealed envelope addressed to the chairman of the examiners.'

5 Ibid., p. 140, delete l. 51.

6 Ibid., p. 141, delete l. 4.

7 Ibid., renumber existing items [f]–[g] under Schedule A as items [e]–[f] and existing items [i]–[l] as items [g]–[j].

8 Ibid., l. 12, delete `The spread of farming in Africa' and substitute `Farming and early states in Sub-Saharan Africa'.

9 Ibid., l. 25, after `the candidate.' insert `All copies must bear the candidate's examination number but not his/her name.'

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2 Board of the Faculty of Biological Sciences

(a) Honour School of Natural Science ([from 1 October 1996: Molecular and Cellular] Biochemistry): Part I

With effect from 1 October 1996 (for first examination in 1997)

1 In Examination Decrees , 1995, p. 439, l. 33, after `own work.' insert: `This certificate must be placed in a sealed envelope addressed to the Chairman of Examiners and submitted with the notebooks. Each notebook, and the envelope containing the certificate, must be clearly labelled with the candidate's number. The name and college of the candidate must not appear on any of the notebooks or on the envelope.'

2 Ibid., ll. 36–8, delete from `The examiners shall' to `proceed to Part II.' and substitute:

`In assessing the record of practical work and exercises in data handling, the examiners shall have regard to the attendance record of the candidates at each and every class provided, and to the marks recorded for each and every class provided. Candidates whose overall performance in either the written papers or in practical work and data handling is judged by the examiners to be insufficient to warrant the award of Honours may either be deemed to have failed the examination, or may, at the discretion of the examiners, be awarded a Pass degree. Candidates in either category will not be allowed to proceed to Part II.'

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(b) Honour School of Natural Science ([from 1 October 1996: Molecular and Cellular] Biochemistry): Part II

With effect from 1 October 1996 (for first examination in 1997)

1 In Examination Decrees , 1995, p. 440, l. 20, after `the first draft.' insert: `This statement must be submitted at the same time as the project in a sealed envelope addressed to the Chairman of Examiners. Each project, and the envelope containing the statement, must be clearly labelled with the candidate's number. The name and college of the candidate must not appear on the project or on the envelope.'

2 Ibid., delete from `It shall be the duty' in l. 49, p. 440, to l. 2, p. 441, and substitute:

`It shall be the duty of the Secretary of the Sub-faculty to submit this proposal to the Chairman of the Sub-faculty and to the Chairman of Examiners for approval. The Chairman of the Sub-faculty and the Chairman of the Examiners shall determine the option (if any) in which the proposed essay falls. In the event of the two Chairmen not giving their joint approval, the candidate shall write the essay on a topic from the list published by the Examiners. It shall be the duty of the Secretary of the Sub-faculty to communicate the outcome of the submission to the candidate, stating the option in which the essay is to be written, not later than 12 noon on Monday of the third week of Hilary Term in the academic year in which the examination is to be taken.'

3 Ibid., p. 441, after l. 7, insert: `The essay (two copies) must be legibly typed on one side only of A4 paper, held firmly in a stiff cover, and submitted by Friday of the fifth week of the Full Term in which the examination is held, addressed "The Clerk of the Schools, Oxford, for the Chairman of the Examiners in the Final Honour School of Natural Science (Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry Part II)".'

4 Ibid., l. 12, after `as the essay.' insert: `This certificate must be submitted at the same time as the essay in a sealed envelope addressed to the Chairman of Examiners. Each essay, and the envelope containing the certificate, must be clearly labelled with the candidate's number. The name and college of the candidate must not appear on the essay or on the envelope.'

5 Ibid., delete ll. 19–23.

6 Ibid., p. 440, l. 40, before `topic' insert: `subject that falls within a'.

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3 Board of the Faculty of Clinical Medicine

Second Examination for the Degree of BM

With immediate effect

1 In Examination Decrees , 1995, p. 872, l. 27, delete `and Rheumatology'.

2 Ibid., l. 37, delete `options' and substitute `special study subjects'.

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4 Board of the Faculty of English Language and Literature

(a) Moderations in English Language and Literature

With effect from 1 October 1996 (for first examination in 1997)

In Examination Decrees , 1995, p. 43, delete ll. 9–12, and substitute: `Candidates will be expected to answer questions on such topics as: the nature of `literary' language, of literary form; textuality and intertextuality; theories of the novel; problems of interpretation; the production and reception of literary texts; the relation of literature to gender, to history, to ideology, to psychoanalysis; theories of culture, of cultural difference.'

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(b) Honour School of English Language and Literature

With effect from 1 October 1996 (for first examination in 1997)

1 In Examination Decrees , 1995, p. 216, ll. 10–11, delete `The thesis . . . own work,' and substitute: `A certificate signed by the candidate to the effect that the thesis is the candidate's own work, placed in a sealed envelope bearing the candidate's examination number and addressed to the Chairman of Examiners, must be presented together with the thesis.'

2 Ibid., p. 217, ll. 19–20, delete `Each essay . . . work.' and substitute: `A certificate signed by the candidate to the effect that each essay is the candidate's own work, placed in a sealed envelope bearing the candidate's examination number and addressed to the Chairman of Examiners, must be presented together with each essay.'

3 Ibid., delete from l. 34 on p. 215 to l. 4 on p. 216 and substitute:

`an essay of about 6,000 words on any subject which forms part of, or is connected with, the subjects of the course being offered, provided that the candidate has obtained approval of the subject from the Deputy Chairman of the Board of the Faculty of English Language and Literature by the end of the Michaelmas Full Term preceding the examination[1] ; or (b) any essay or part of an essay which he has already sent in, or proposes to send in, for any University essay prize, the whole not exceeding about 6,000 words, provided that its subject is, in the opinion of the Deputy Chairman of the Board, relevant to the study of the English language or of'.

4 Ibid., p. 217, after l. 26 insert:

`(g) Essays deemed to be of excessive length may be penalised.'

5 Ibid., p. 222 (as modified by change in regulations 1, Para 3, in Gazette , 13 July 1995, p. 1395), after `(w) Language, Film and the Media' insert `[The numbers entering for this paper may be restricted.]'.

6 Ibid., in the final line of (i)(a), replace `at' with `from' and at the end of the line insert `by Monday of the fifth week in the Trinity Term preceding that in which it will be examined.

5 Boards of the Faculties of English Language and Literature and Modern History

(a) Honour School of Modern History and English

(i) With effect from 1 October 1996 (for first examination in 1997)

In Examination Decrees , 1995, p. 401, ll. 33–4, delete `This certificate . . . thesis.' and substitute: `This certificate, placed in a sealed envelope bearing the candidate's examination number and addressed to the Chairman of Examiners, must be presented together with the thesis.'

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(ii) With effect from 1 October 1997 (for first examination in 1998)

1 In Examination Decrees , 1995, p. 399, delete ll. 18–45 and insert: `Each candidate shall offer seven papers as set out below. Papers will be of three hours' duration, except where otherwise indicated. The subjects of the examination in the Honour School shall be: (i) and (ii) Two compulsory interdisciplinary papers, chosen from the list below (candidates should note that this list will vary from time to time, according to the availability of teaching resources, but will always cover a range of periods):

(a) Literature and Religion in Early Modern England

(b) Mapping New Territories, c.1770–1830

(c) The Dangerous Flood of History: Literature and Politics in the 1930s.

Further details of the interdisciplinary papers will be available from the English Faculty Office and Modern History Faculty Office.

(iii) A period of British History not taken in Honour Moderations.

(iv) and (v) Two subjects from Course One or Course Two of the Honour School of English Language and Literature [the English Board may wish to specify at least one compulsory paper].

(vi) and (vii) Either two papers from the Honour School of Modern History, which shall consist of a Special Subject, or some combination of a Further Subject, General History Period, or additional British History period (though with only one Further Subject allowed)

or one additional subject from the Honour School of English Language and Literature, plus one subject from the Honour School of Modern History which shall be either a Further Subject, a General History period or an additional British History period.

The rules for extended essays shall follow those of the parent Schools, except that candidates may substitute an extended essay for one of the interdisciplinary papers provided that they are not offering more than one extended essay elsewhere in the syllabus. When an extended essay is to be substituted for an interdisciplinary paper, the candidate should write, through the Senior Tutor of his or her college or society, to request the approval of the Chairman of the Examiners for the Joint School of Modern History and English for the proposed essay title, not later than the Friday of the second week of the Michaelmas Full Term immediately preceding the examination. Notification of whether or not approval is forthcoming will be given by the Friday of Week Four of that term. Essays on approved interdisciplinary titles, which should be of up to 6,000 words, should be submitted to the Chairman of the Examiners for the Joint School of Modern History and English at the Examination Schools, Oxford, by the Friday of Eighth Week of the Hilary Full Term preceding the examination.

A thesis may be offered as under the existing regulations of the Modern History syllabus, provided that no more than one thesis can be submitted if extended essays are offered.'

2 Ibid., delete pp. 400–1.

3 Ibid., p. 402, delete ll. 1–7.

(b) Pass School of Modern History and English

With effect from 1 October 1997 (for first examination in 1998)

In Examination Decrees , 1995, p. 402, delete ll. 15–25 and insert:

`(a) One of the interdisciplinary papers as prescribed for the Honour School of Modern History and English (candidates should note that this list will vary from time to time, according to the availability of teaching resources; details of the interdisciplinary papers available in any given year may be obtained from the English Faculty Office and Modern History Faculty Office);

(b) Two papers as prescribed for the Honour School of Modern History: (i) one period paper on the History of the British Isles not taken in the First Public Examination; and (ii) one paper taken from the list of Further Subjects (candidates should note that not all Further Subjects will be available to all candidates in every year). A thesis may be offered in accordance with the detailed regulations for the Honour School of Modern History in lieu of either (i) or (ii);

(c) Two papers as prescribed for the Honour School of English Language and Literature.'

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6 Board of the Faculty of Literae Humaniores

(a) Honour Moderations in Classics

With effect from 1 October 1996 (for first examination in 1997)

1 In Examination Decrees , 1995, p. 28, l. 39, delete `Virgil' and substitute `Virgil'.

2 Ibid., p. 31, l. 3, delete `Philoetetes' and substitute `Philoctetes'.

3 Ibid., p. 40, delete l. 23 and substitute: `Augustine: Confessions I–IV, Clark (Cambridge University Press)'.

(b) Honour School of Literae Humaniores

With effect from 1 October 1998 (for first examination in 1999)

1 In Examination Decrees , 1995, delete from p. 282, l. 45 to p. 283, l. 6 and substitute:

`(a) Thucydides and Rhetoric with special reference to the following texts. Compulsory passages for translation and comment will be set from those in list (a).

(alpha) Thucydides I. 20–3, 31–44, 66–88, 139–46; II. 34–65; V. 86–116.
Herodotus VII. 8–19.
Gorgias, Helen .
Antiphon, Tetralogies .
Euripides, Supplices 399–597, 837–917.

(beta) Thucydides III. 1–85.
Herodotus I. 26–33, VII. 44–55.
Gorgias, Palamedes, Epitaphios (frag. 5–6).
Antiphon, De Caede Herodis .
Plato, Menexenus .
Andocides, de Mysteriis .
Lysias 2.
Euripides, Supplices 1–398, 598–836, 918–end.

7 Boards of the Faculties of Literae Humaniores and Modern Languages Honour School of Classics and Modern Languages

With effect from 1 October 1998 (for first examination in 1999)

(As for the Honour School of Literae Humaniores (see 6 (b) above).)

8 Boards of the Faculties of Literae Humaniores and English Language and Literature

Honour School of Classics and English

With effect from 1 October 1998 (for first examination in 1999)]

(As for the Honour School of Literae Humaniores (see 6 (b) above).)

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9 Boards of the Faculties of Literae Humaniores and Modern History

Honour School of Ancient and Modern History

With effect from 1 October 1996 (for first examination in 1997)

1 In Examination Decrees , 1995, p. 136, ll. 23–4, delete `will be set specifically for this honour school' and substitute `is a modified version of that set for the Honour School of Modern History'.

2 Ibid., l. 27, delete `the first section, and in each of their answers to that section' and substitute `each section, and in their answers in the first section'.

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10 Boards of the Faculties of Literae Humaniores and Oriental Studies

Regulations for Philosophy in some of the Honour Schools

With effect from 1 October 1998 (for first examination in 1999)

1 In Examination Decrees , 1995, p. 481, l. 28, after `Mathematics and Philosophy' insert `Oriental Studies'.

2 Ibid., p. 487, l. 32, delete `132, and 133' and substitute `and 132 may be offered only by candidates in Literae Humaniores and Oriental Studies , and subject 133'.

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11 Boards of the Faculties of Literae Humaniores and Theology

Honour School of Philosophy and Theology

(i) With immediate effect (for first examination in 1996)

As for the Honour School of Theology (see 21 (a) (i) below).

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(ii) With effect from 1 October 1997 (for first examination in 1998)

As for the Honour School of Theology (see 21 (a) (ii) below).

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(iii) With effect from 1 October 1996 for one year (for first examination in 1997 only)

As for the Honour School of Theology (see 21 (a) (iii) below).

(iv) With effect from 1 October 1997 (for first examination in 1998)

As for the Honour School of Theology (see 21 (a) (iv) below).

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12 Board of the Faculty of Mathematical Sciences

Honour Moderations in Mathematics and Computation

With effect from 1 October 1996 (for first examination in 1997)

1 In Examination Decrees , 1995, p. 56, after l. 12 insert: `Practical weight: one-sixth. Paper of 2 hours 30 minutes.'

2 Ibid., after l. 26 insert: `Paper of 3 hours.'

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13 Board of the Faculties of Mathematical and Physical Sciences

(a) Honour School of Engineering and Computing Science

With effect from 1 October 1997 (for first examination in 1998)

1 In Examination Decrees , 1995, p. 188, delete ll. 13–20 and substitute:

`Candidates will be required to take three papers as follows:

at least one of:

IE1, Information Engineering I
IE2, Information Engineering II

plus one or two papers chosen from a selection of those available for Section II of the Honour School of Computation. Specification of which Section II papers may be taken will be published in the University Gazette by the Standing Committee for Engineering and Computing Science two years in advance of the relevant examination. The subjects of papers IE1 and IE2 are specified in the appended schedule. The subjects of Section II shall be published in the University Gazette .

Performance in papers from Section II of the Honour School of Computation will be taken to include performance both in the written paper and any practical work associated with the papers. The examiners will consider all papers as having equal weight. Any practical work associated with papers from Section II of the Honour School of Computation must'.

2 Ibid., p. 188, l. 44, delete `and IE3'.

3 Ibid., delete from p. 186, l. 33, to p. 188, l. 11 and substitute:

`Candidates will be required to take seven written papers as follows: Papers A1, A2, A3, and B4 in the Honour School of Engineering Science, Papers ECS1 and ECS2 as specified in the appended schedule,

one of the following:

Paper B3 in the Honour School of Engineering Science,
or ,
Paper ECS3, or ECS4, or ECS5, or ECS6 as specified in the appended schedule.

In addition the following, as specified in the appended schedule, shall each be considered by the Examiners as equivalent to one written paper:
ECS7 Practical work,
ECS8 Engineering and Society coursework,
ECS9 Project report.

In the assessment of Paper ECS7 the examiners shall taken into consideration failure of a candidate to complete practical work associated with the Engineering papers to a level prescribed from time to time by the Sub-faculty of Engineering Science. Failure to complete coursework modules to a satisfactory standard will also be taken into account, except that exemption from the requirement to complete coursework modules shall be granted to a candidate who, in Trinity Term of the second year, completes an approved exchange scheme. The Chairman of the Sub-faculty of Engineering Science shall provide a list, by the end of the sixth week of the Trinity Term in the year of the Part I examination, showing the extent to which each candidate has satisfied these requirements.

By noon on Friday of the ninth week of Trinity Term in the year preceding the Part I examination, each candidate shall submit a portfolio for Engineering and Society coursework (ECS8) containing one essay or report on each of three approved topics as specified in the regulations of the Honour School of Engineering Science.

By noon on Friday of the fourth work of Trinity Term in the year of the Part I examination, candidates shall submit the following:

Reports of practical exercises associated with Paper ECS1. For a report to be considered by the examiners, it must be signed by a demonstrator and must be accompanied by a statement that it is the candidate's own work except where otherwise stated.

The project report ECS9.

Work submitted for ECS1, ECS8, and ECS9 shall be addressed to the Chairman of Examiners, Honour School of Engineering and Computing Science, c/o Clerk of the Examination Schools, Examination Schools, High Street, Oxford.

Reports of practical exercises associated with papers ECS2, ECS3, ECS4, ECS5, ECS6 shall be submitted as specified in the regulations for the examination from which they are drawn.

Candidates may resubmit practical work and work previously submitted for ECS7, ECS8, ECS9. It must be physically presented at the time and in the manner prescribed for current submission. No such work will be accepted if it has already been submitted, wholly or substantially, for another honour school or degree of this University, or for a degree of any other institution.

Candidates may be examined viva voce at the examiners' discretion.

Schedule

ECS1 Structures, Algorithms, and Numerical Computation

Practical weight: one-sixth. Paper of 2 hours 30 minutes.

Structures and Algorithms: Elementary propositional and predicate calculus. Mathematical induction. Discrete mathematics: basic properties of sets, relations and functions, sequences, bags, trees. Examples in specifying information systems.

Orders of growth: the big-O notation and its basic properties, lower and upper bounds, simple recurrence relations. Complexity of standard algorithms for matrix multiplication, solution of linear equations. Searching algorithms: bisection, Fibonacci search. Sorting algorithms in memory and on backing store, Dynamic programming. The fast Fourier transform and simple applications.

Numerical Computation:

Discretisation of partial differential equations by finite difference, finite volume, and finite element methods; stability, mesh adaption, error estimates, and implementation issues. Iterative methods; conjugate gradient and multi-grid. Solution of non-linear equations; regions of convergence, bifurcation.

ECS2 Imperative Programming (Honour School of Computation Paper I.1)

ECS3 Programming Language Principles (Honour School of Computation Paper I.2)

ECS4 Concurrency and Distributed Systems (Honour School of Computation Paper I.3)

ECS5 Architecture (Honour School of Computation Paper I.4)

ECS6 Functional Programming and Algorithm Design (Honour Moderations in Mathematics and Computation Paper A7)

ECS7 Practical work associated with Engineering papers A1, A2, A3 together with coursework modules as specified from time to time by the Standing Committee for Engineering and Computing Science

ECS8 Engineering and Society coursework (Honour School of Engineering Science Part I, Paper A7)

ECS9 Project Report A report on a project carried out under supervision as approved by the Standing Committee for the Honour School of Engineering and Computing Science. The report must not exceed 6,000 words plus twenty-five pages of diagrams, listings, photographs, etc.'

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(b) Pass School of Engineering and Computing Science

With effect from 1 October 1997 (for first Part I examination in 1998 and first Part II examination in 1999)

1 In Examination Decrees , 1995, p. 189, delete ll. 10–11 and substitute: `(i)–(vi) Papers A1, A2, A3, B4, ECS1, ECS2 provided that at least one of papers ECS1 and ECS2 is included;

(vii) one of the papers B3, ECS3, ECS4, ECS5, ECS6;

(viii) Paper ECS9, the Project report.'

2 Ibid., p. 198, l. 16, after `coursework' insert `(Papers ECS7 and ECS8)'.

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14 Board of the Faculty of Medieval and Modern Languages

(a) Preliminary Examination in Modern Languages

With effect from 1 October 1996 (for first examination in 1997)

In Examination Decrees , 1995, p. 101, delete l. 50 `Camoes, Auto de Filodemo'.

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(b) Honour School of Modern Languages

(i) With effect from 1 October 1996 (for first examination in 1997)

1 In Examination Decrees , 1995, p. 416, l. 16, delete `14th' and substitute `17th'.

2 Ibid., p. 426, l. 1, delete `under the regulations for that honour school'.

(ii) With effect from 1 October 1997 (for first examination in 1998)

1 In Examination Decrees , 1995, p. 415, l. 42, delete `The colloquial koine' and substitute `The literary vernacular'.

2 Ibid., p. 419, delete ll. 29–34 and substitute:

`Candidates may choose one of either A or B: [2] A: Byzantine texts:

Paul the Silentiary, Ekphrasis of Haghia Sophia (ed. Friedlander).
Christ and Paranikas, Anthologia graeca carminum Christianorum , pp. 147–236 and 247–52.
The Life of St Andreas Salos (ed. L. Ryden).
Michael Psellos, Chronographia , bk. VI (ed. S. Impellizzeri, vol. 1, pp. 246–320, and vol. 2, pp. 8–152).

B. Medieval vernacular texts:

Digenis Akritis: the Grottaferrata and Escorial Versions (ed. E.M. Jeffreys).
Le Roman de Libistros et Rhodamné (ed. J.A. Lambert). Ptochoprodromos (ed. H. Eideneier).' 3 Ibid., p. 422, delete ll. 18–20 and substitute:

`(1) Digenis Akritis: the Grottaferrata and Escorial Versions (ed. E.M. Jeffreys).

(2) The vernacular verse romances.'

4 Ibid., p. 425, l. 50 et seq., as amended, delete `(as a paper but not as an Extended Essay.)'

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15 Boards of the Faculties of Medieval and Modern Languages and English Language and Literature

(a) Preliminary Examination in English and Modern Languages

With effect from 1 October 1996 (for first examination in 1997)

As for the Preliminary Examination in Modern Languages (see 14 (a) above).

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(b) Honour School of English and Modern Languages

(i) With effect from 1 October 1996 (for first examination in 1997)

As for the Honour School of Modern Languages (see 14 (b) (i) above).

(ii) With effect from 1 October 1996 (for first examination in 1997)

As for the Honour School of Modern Languages (see 14 (b) (ii) above).

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16 Boards of the Faculties of Medieval and Modern Languages and Literae Humaniores

(a) Preliminary Examination in Philosophy and Modern Languages

With effect from 1 October 1996 (for first examination in 1997)

As for the Preliminary Examination in Modern Languages (see 14 (a) above).

(b) Honour School of Classics and Modern Languages

(c) Honour School of Philosophy and Modern Languages

(i) With effect from 1 October 1996 (for first examination in 1997)

As for the Honour School of Modern Languages (see 14 (b) (i) above).

(ii) With effect from 1 October 1997 (for first examination in 1998)

As for the Honour School of Modern Languages (see 14 (b) (ii) above).

(d) Honour School of Classics and Modern Languages

With effect from 1 October 1998 (for first examination in 1999)

1 In Examination Decrees , 1995, p. 161, l. 49, delete `into' and substitute `from'.

2 Ibid., p. 162, l. 33, align `(b)' with `(a)' in l. 32.

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17 Boards of the Faculties of Medieval and Modern Languages and Modern History

(a) Preliminary Examination in Modern History and Modern Languages

With effect from 1 October 1996 (for first examination in 1997)

As for the Preliminary Examination in Modern Languages (see 14 (a) above).

(b) Honour School of Modern History and Modern Languages

(i) With effect from 1 October 1996 (for first examination in 1997)

1 As for the Honour School of Modern Languages (see 14 (b) (i) above).

2 In Examination Decrees , 1995, p. 405, delete ll. 32–5 and substitute:

`One of the Honour School of Modern Languages, Papers IV, V, IX, X, XI.'

3 Ibid., p. 406, l. 21, delete `in the language'.

(ii) With effect from 1 October 1997 (for first examination in 1998)

As for the Honour School of Modern Languages (see 14 (b) (ii) above).

18 Boards of the Faculties of Medieval and Modern Languages and Oriental Studies

(a) Preliminary Examination in European and Middle Eastern Languages

With effect from 1 October 1996 (for first examination in 1997)

As for the Preliminary Examination in Modern Languages (see 14 (a) above).

(b) Honour School of European and Middle Eastern Languages

(i) With effect from 1 October 1996 (for first examination in 1997)

As for the Honour School of Modern Languages (see 14 (b) (i) above).

(ii) With effect from 1 October 1997 (for first examination in 1998)

As for the Honour School of Modern Languages (see 14 (b) (ii) above).

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19 Board of the Faculty of Oriental Studies

Honour School of Oriental Studies: Egyptology

With effect from 1 October 1996 (for first examination in 1997)

In Examination Decrees , 1995, p. 464, delete ll. 46–9 and p. 465, delete ll. 1–2 and substitute:

`2–4 Prepared texts in Old, Middle, and Late Egyptian (lists of texts are available from the Oriental Institute).

Four passages, one in Old Egyptian, two in Middle Egyptian, and one in Late Egyptian, will be set for examination by essay. Candidates must present an essay on one passage. Essays should be typed and provided with proper scholarly apparatus. The passages will be assigned in the Oriental Institute at 10 a.m. on Monday of First Week in Full Term in the term in which the final examination is to be offered, and must be handed in to the Clerk of the Examination Schools no later than 12 noon on Monday of Second Week. Essays should not exceed 2,500 words in length.

Two thirds of the material in the lists of prescribed texts will be selected for examination in papers 2–3. Candidates will be informed of the selection to be examined on Friday of Eighth Week of the Hilary Term preceding the Final examination. The passages to be examined by essay will be drawn from the third of the list of prescribed texts which is not to be examined in papers 2–3.'

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20 Board of the Faculty of Physical Sciences

(a) Honour School of Engineering Science

With effect from 1 October 1997 (for first Part I examination in Trinity Term 1998, and first Part II examination in Trinity Term 1999)

In Examination Decrees , 1995, delete from p. 179, l. 27 to p. 184, l. 3 and substitute:

`(ii) Regulations

Part I

Candidates will be required to take seven written papers, each of three hours, as follows: the five papers A1 to A5 in group A together with two papers taken from B1 to B5 in group B. In addition, they will be required to take three coursework subjects A6 to A8, each to be considered by the examiners as equivalent to one written paper.

Group A: Core course

Paper A1. Mathematical Methods.
Paper A2. Electricity and Electronics.
Paper A3. Control, Dynamics, and Computers.
Paper A4. Structures and Materials.
Paper A5. Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics.
Paper A6. Engineering Practical Work.
Paper A7. Engineering and Society Coursework.
Paper A8. Part I Design Project.

Group B: Basic Options

Paper B1. Mechanical Engineering.
Paper B2. Civil Engineering.
Paper B3. Electrical Engineering.
Paper B4. Information Engineering.
Paper B5. Chemical Engineering.

Candidates shall be required to submit a portfolio for Engineering and Society coursework (A7) containing one essay or report on each approved topic specified by the Sub-faculty of Engineering Science. Written work shall be typed and each essay or report shall have not more than 2,000 words. Approved topics shall be (a) a management case study AND (b) a safety assessment AND (c) EITHER "the engineering profession" or an alternative approved topic. A list of alternative approved topics shall be published in the Gazette by the Chairman of the Sub-faculty not later than Friday of the first week of Hilary Full Term in the academic year preceding that in which the written examination is to be taken. The portfolio of work shall be submitted to the Chairman of Examiners, Honour School of Engineering Science, c/o Clerk of Schools, Examination Schools, High Street, Oxford, not later than noon on Friday of the ninth week of the Trinity Full Term of the year preceding the written examinations. The material must be the candidate's own work and the candidate shall sign and present with the portfolio a detachable certificate to this effect.

Essays or reports previously submitted for the Honour School of Engineering Science may be resubmitted. No essay or report will be accepted if it has already been submitted wholly or substantially for another honour school or degree of this University, or for a degree at any other institution. Resubmitted work must be physically presented at the time and in the manner prescribed for submission.

Candidates shall submit to the examiners reports and supporting material on the Part I Design Project (A8) completed as a part of their course of study. The subject of the project shall be approved by the Projects Committee of the Sub-faculty of Engineering Science and the report on the project and supporting material shall be submitted to the Chairman of the Examiners, Honour School of Engineering Science, c/o Clerk of the Schools, Examination Schools, High Street, Oxford, by noon on Friday of the fourth week of Trinity Term in the year of the Part I examination. The examiners shall consider the project report as the equivalent of a written paper. The project report must not exceed 6,000 words plus twenty-five pages of diagrams, photographs, etc.

Project reports previously submitted for the Honour School of Engineering Science may be resubmitted. No project report will be accepted if it has already been submitted wholly or substantially for another honour school or degree of this University, or for a degree at any other institution. Resubmitted work must be physically presented at the time and in the manner prescribed for submission.

In the assessment of Paper A6 the examiners shall take into consideration failure of a candidate to complete the practical work to a level prescribed from time to time by the sub-faculty. Failure to complete coursework modules to a satisfactory standard will also be taken into account by the examiners, except that exemption from the requirement to complete coursework modules shall be granted to any candidate who, in Trinity Term of the second year, participates in an exchange scheme approved by the sub-faculty. The Chairman of the Sub-faculty of Engineering Science shall provide a list, by the end of the sixth week of the Trinity Term in the year of the Part I examination, showing the extent to which each candidate has satisfied these requirements.

Candidates may be examined viva voce at the examiner's discretion.

Part II

In Part II a candidate shall be required to offer three written papers from group C. The detailed requirements and arrangements for written papers, and the list of subjects and the syllabuses from which the papers in group C may be selected shall be approved by the Sub-faculty of Engineering Science and published in the Gazette by the Chairman of the Sub-faculty of Engineering Science not later than the end of the Trinity Full Term of the academic year preceding the year of the examination of part II. The Sub-faculty will divide the papers into Lists; candidates will be required to select their three group C papers from different Lists.

Each individual candidate shall submit two copies of his or her own report on the part II Design Project completed as part of the course of study. The subject of the project shall be approved by the Projects Committee of the Sub-faculty of Engineering Science and the report on the project shall be submitted to the Chairman of Examiners, Honour School of Engineering Science, c/o Clerk of Schools, Examination Schools, High Street, Oxford, by noon on Friday of the fourth week of Trinity Term. The report shall be considered by the examiners in deciding the class of a candidate as equivalent to two written papers. The project report must not exceed 10,000 words plus forty pages of diagrams, photographs, etc. Project reports previously submitted for Part II of the Honour School of Engineering Science may be resubmitted. No project report will be accepted if it has already been submitted wholly or substantially for Part I or for another honour school or degree of this University, or for a degree of any other institution.

Candidates may be examined viva voce at the examiner's discretion.

Schedule

Group A: Core course

Paper A1: Mathematical Methods

Fourier series; convolution; Fourier transforms; spectra; sampling and reconstruction; random processes.

Vector algebra; vector calculus; Gauss' and Stokes' theorems; derivation of vector equations describing properties of continuous media such as continuity and Laplace's equation.

Solution of partial differential equations in two independent variables; boundary conditions; application to engineering problems; the wave equation; wave propagation and dispersion.

Linear transformations and equations; matrix rank and diagonalisation; computation of solutions of simultaneous linear equations, iterative algorithms; eigenvalue computation; curve fitting and algorithms for data approximation; computation solution of differential equations.

Paper A2: Electricity and Electronics

Field effect and bipolar transistors; switching circuits. Differential amplifiers and feedback. Electronic instrumentation and signal conditioning. Interface to computer systems.

Steady electric and magnetic fields. Slowly varying fields; Faraday's law, generation of e.m.f. Rapidly varying fields; Maxwell's equations. Electromagnetic waves and the wave equation. RF to optical examples.

The transmission line; wave propagation and impedance matching. Analogue and digital communication systems. Noise. Introduction to typical systems, including optical fibres.

Introduction to electrical power systems. Magnetic circuits; BH loops, reluctance and inductance. Transformers. Electromechanical energy conversion; d.c. and a.c. machines; design constraints and construction.

Paper A3: Control, Dynamics, and Computers

Introduction to Control, system modelling; steady state and transient behaviour. Stability. Analysis and design of simple control systems, both continuous and discrete time.

Introduction to practical systems including computer implementation.

Dynamics; motion with rotation and translation. Kinematics; motion in rotating frames of reference. Mechanism analysis. Cams and equivalent mechanisms.

Mechanical vibrations; system modelling, applications.

Elements of computer architecture; separation of data and control; hardware description languages; input/output; data buses.

Paper A4: Structures and Materials

Elastic analysis of statically determinate and indeterminate frames; the stiffness matrix method. Shear stresses due to torsion.

Elastic continuum problems in two and three dimensions; equilibrium, compatibility, stress-strain relationships and boudnary conditions. The finite element method in two dimensions.

Elastic instability of struts; plastic collapse of beams and frames.

Alloys and strengthening mechanisms; equilibrium diagrams, diffusion, heat treatment.

Plasticity; microscopic and macroscopic behaviour, Von Mises' yield criterion. Creep. Fracture and fatigue.

Paper A5: Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics

Baisc concepts of fluid mechanics. Hydrostatics. Conservation of mass, momentum, and energy. Stream function. Potential theory. Examples of potential flows. Lift and drag coefficients. Vorticity, circulation. Magnus effect, Kutta-Joukowsky theorem.

Applied fluid mechanics. Dimensional anlaysis, similarity, and model testing.

Turbomachinery. Boundary layer theory. Friction drag. Simple incompressible viscous flows. Turbulent flow in pipes and pipe circuits. Steady flow in open channels. Thermodynamic Machines. Refrigeration systems, steam cycles, internal combustion engines, gas turbine cycles, compressors.

Heat and Mass Transfer. Conduction, radiation, convection, heat exchangers, heat transfer coefficients. Mass transfer by convection and diffusion. An introduction to combustion.

Paper A6: Engineering Practical Work

Practical exercises including: engineering computation, electricity, electronics, control, computer architecture, structures, mechanics, materials, thermodynamics, fluid mechanics.

Paper A7: Engineering and Society

Paper A8: Design Project

Group B: Basic options

Paper B1: Mechanical Engineering

Applications of elasticity and plasticity, mechanics of non-metallic materials, power transmission, dynamics of machines, gas dynamics and hygrometry.

Paper B2: Civil Engineering

Structural design, soil mechanics, hydraulics, civil engineering projects.

Paper B3: Electrical Engineering

Communications systems, electrical properties of materials, signal processing, semiconductor devices, and integrated circuits.

Paper B4: Information Engineering

State-space systems, feedback control, computer-controlled systems, applied estimation, two-dimensional signal analysis, computational geometry.

Paper B5: Chemical Engineering

Chemical thermodynamics, separation processes, chemical reactors, process design.

Group C: Advanced Options

These papers will contain questions on the subjects for each paper as published in the Gazette by the Chairman of the Sub-faculty of Engineering Science.'

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(b) Pass School of Engineering Science

With effect from 1 October 1997 (for first Part I examination in Trinity Term 1998, and first Part II examination in Trinity Term 1999)

1 In Examination Decrees , 1995, p. 184, l. 11, after `A6', insert `A7, A8'.

2 Ibid., p. 184, l. 12, delete `one' and substitute `two'.

3 Ibid., p. 184, l. 12, delete `B6'.

4 Ibid., p. 184, delete ll. 13–14.

5 Ibid., p. 184, l. 18, after `coursework' insert `modules'.

6 Ibid., p. 184, l. 18, delete `These will be taken into consideration in the assignment of the degree' and substitute

`Failure to complete coursework modules to a satisfactory standard will also be taken into account by the examiners, except that exemption from the requirement to complete coursework modules shall be granted to any candidate who, in Trinity Term of the second year, participates in an exchange scheme approved by the Sub-faculty'.

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(c) Honour School of Engineering and Materials

(i) With effect from 1 October 1997 (for first examination in 1998)

1 In Examination Decrees , 1995, p. 204, l. 32, delete `seven' and substitute `six'.

2 Ibid., p. 204, delete ll. 33–8 and substitute `Papers A1, A2, A5 as set for the Honour School of Engineering Science, and:
ME1. Structure of Materials.
ME2. Properties of Materials.
ME3. Structural Transformations.

In addition candidates will sit shortened versions of the Honour School of Engineering Science papers A3 and A4. The results of the two papers (A3s and A4s) in combination will be treated by the examiners as the equivalent of one paper.'

3 Ibid., p. 204, l. 39, after `schedule.' insert:

`They will be required to take three further subjects, each of which will be considered by the examiners as equivalent to one written paper, as follows:

A6, Engineering Practical Work
A7, Engineering and Society Coursework
ME4, Materials Practical Work.'

4 Ibid., p. 204, delete ll. 42–50 and p. 205, ll. 1 and 2, and substitute `Candidates shall be required to submit a portfolio for Engineering and Society coursework (A7) as specified in the regulations for the Honour School of Engineering Science.'

5 Ibid., p. 205, l. 3, delete `of the two essays' and substitute `The portfolio of work'.

6 Ibid., l. 5, after `examination.', insert `The materials must be the candidate's own work and the candidate shall sign and present with the portfolio a detachable certificate to this effect'.

7 Ibid., l. 8 after `Essays' insert `or reports'.

8 Ibid., l. 10 after `essay' insert `or report'.

9 Ibid., l. 12, after `institution.', insert `Resubmitted work must be physically presented at the time and in the manner prescribed for submission.'

10 Ibid., l. 14, after `study' insert `(papers A6 and ME4)'. 11 Ibid., ll. 14–15, delete `Practical work reports taken together shall be considered by the examiners as equivalent to one written paper'.

12 Ibid., l. 26, after `institution.', insert `Resubmitted work must be physically presented at the time and in the manner prescribed for submission'.

13 Ibid., delete ll. 29–39 and substitute:

`A1, A2, A5, A6, and A7: as specified in the Honour School of Engineering Science

A3s: a shortened version of A3 as specified in the Honour School of Engineering Science

This paper will contain questions on dynamics, kinematics and vibrations; computer architecture.

A4s: a shortened version of A4 as specified in the Honour School of Engineering Science

This paper will contain questions on structural forms and analysis; analysis of elastic continua; structural failure.

ME1: Structure of Materials

Crystallography and crystal defects. Elementary quantum mechanics and bonding. Metals, semiconductors, ceramics, polymers, composites. Statistical mechanics. Electronic structure of materials; physics of semiconductors.

ME2: Properties of Materials

Hardness, toughness, and strength; plasticity; fracture. Ceramics and glasses. Mechanical properties of polymers. Electrical, optical, and magnetic properties of materials.

ME3: Structural Transformations

Thermodynamics and kinetics of phase transformations. Microstructure. Diffusion. Surfaces and interfaces. Engineering alloys.'

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(ii) With effect from 1 October 1998 (for first Part II examination in 1999)

1 In Examination Decrees , 1995, p. 206, delete l. 11 and substitute `The subjects of these papers shall be published in the University Gazette by the Standing Committee for Engineering and Materials not later than then end of the Trinity Full Term of the academic year preceding the year of the examination of Part II.'

2 Ibid., p. 206, delete ll. 41–51, and p. 207, ll. 1–13.

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(d) Pass School of Engineering and Materials

With effect from 1 October 1997 (for first Part I examination in Trinity Term 1998, and first Part II examination in Trinity Term 1999)

1 In Examination Decrees , 1995, p. 207, l. 23, delete `vii' and substitute `vi'.

2 Ibid., l. 23, after `A1,' insert `A2,'.

3 Ibid., l. 23, delete `A4,'.

4 Ibid., l. 23, delete `A6,'.

5 Ibid., l. 25, delete `(viii) the two extended essays on Engineering and Society.' and substitute: `(vii) Papers A3s and A4s. The results of the two papers (A3s and A4s) in combination will be treated as the equivalent of one paper.

(viii) Paper A7, Engineering and Society'.

6 Ibid., l. 29, after `study', insert `(Papers A6 and ME4)'.

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21 Board of the Faculty of Theology

(a) Honour School of Theology

(i) With immediate effect (for examination in 1996 and 1997)

In Examination Decrees , 1995, p. 539, delete ll. 2–15 and substitute:

`Candidates will be expected to answer questions related to the following:

Principles of psychological explanation with particular reference to the psychology of religious experience and behaviour. Methods of investigation in the psychology of religion. The accounts of the psychology of religion given by James, Freud, and Jung, and by more recent scientific investigators. Individual and social factors in the development of religious experience. The psychology of at least one of the following areas of concern for pastoral practice: religious eduction; group relationships; marriage; sickness and health; death and bereavement. Elements of theological psychology: Body and Soul; reason, will, and emotion; religion and the concept of mental health; religious consciousness and prayer.'

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(ii) With effect from 1 October 1997 (for first examination in 1998)

In Examination Decrees , 1995, p. 539, delete ll. 2–15 and substitute: `The paper will cover theories about aspects of behaviour or experience relevant to religion and the empirical evidence on these theories. Psychological research methods and their applicability to different aspects of religion such as conversion, prayer, worship. Cognitive and non-cognitive (i.e. psychoanalytic and affective) accounts of religion. Normal and abnormal religious behaviour. Origin and development of religious concepts. Moral development. Constructs of theological psychology (e.g. soul; conscience, sin, and guilt; repentance; forgiveness; mercy) and their status in contemporary psychology. Psychology applied to pastoral concerns: religious education; marriage; health; death and bereavement; substance abuse.'

(iii) With effect from 1 October 1996 for one year (for examination in 1997 only)

Under the provisions for paper 34 (Examination Decrees , 1995, p. 540), the Theology Board offers the following paper for examination in 1997.

`The Formation of Rabbinic Judaism (70 ce–950 ce)

The course will describe the formation of rabbinic Judaism as reflected in its primary texts. Some reference will be made to the contexts of late Antiquity, early Christendom, and the Zoroastrian and Islamic worlds.

It will consider the following issues:

How did the rabbis translate (Targum) and interpret (Midrash) the Hebrew scriptures? How did they structure the religious system which emerged from their reflections on scripture (Mishna/Tosefta)? What forms of liturgy and spirituality did they create, and how did they relate to the Jewish mystidal tradition?

The Babylonian Talmud and its definition of Torah. Judaism under Islam—the Gaonic period. Confrontation with other faiths, with rationalist philosophy, and with serious critiques of both scripture and the rabbinic tradition.

The following primary rabbinic texts in translation are set for special study:

The Daily Prayer Book of the United Hebrew Congregations of the British Commonwealth of Nations (Centenary Edition, London: Signer's Prayer book Publication Committee, 1990): pages 46, 56 (Amida prayer) and 251–4 (Ethics of the Fathers chapter 1))

The Mishnah translated by H. Danby (London: Oxford University Press, 1933). Tractate Berakhoth chapters 4, 5; tractate Baba Kamma chapter 8.

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(iv) With effect from 1 October 1997 (for first examination in 1998)

In Examination Decrees , 1995, p. 538, delete ll. 37–44 and substitute:

`Candidates will be expected to know at least two of the following options in detail:

(i) K. Marx, Theses on Feuerbach and The German Ideology (ch. 1) (ed. C. Arthur, Lawrence and Wishart, London, 1985), together with Capital (chs. 1 and 13) (Penguin Books, 1990).

(ii) E. Durkheim, The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life (Allen & Unwin, London, 1976).

(iii) M. Weber, The Protestant Ethic and the Rise of Capitalism (Harper Collins, 1991).

(iv) E. Troeltsch, The Social Teaching of the Christian Churches (2 Vols. Jn. Knox, 1992).

(v) Religion and History , ed. Adams (T. & T. Clark, 1991).

(vi) Talcott Parsons, Action Theory and the Human Condition (New York, 1978).

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(b) Pass School of Theology

With effect from 1 October 1996 for one year (for examination in 1997 only)

As for the Honour School of Theology (see (a) (iii) above).

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(c) B.Th. in Applied Theology

With effect from 1 October 1996 (for first examination in 1997) 1 In Examination Decrees , 1995, p. 934, delete l. 8 and substitute: `Candidates will normally be expected to have five GCSE passes, one of which must be in English Language and two of which must be at Advanced Level. Exemptions from this requirement for mature student candidates or those otherwise qualified may be made at the discretion of the supervisory committee.'

2 Ibid., p. 952, delete ll. 1–6 and substitute `Course requirements '.

3 Ibid., p. 936, after l. 8 insert:

`The dated certification of the committee's approval of essay titles (for 7,000, 10,000, and 15,000 word essays, and field studies), the statement from a college officer indicating the nature of the supervision provided (for 10,000 and 15,000 word essays), the certification from the college confirming that the other work in a subject area has been satisfactorily completed (for 7,000 word essays), and the signed statement from the candidate that the essays and field studies are his/her own work (for 7,000, 10,000, and 15,000 word essays, and field studies), must accompany the essays and field studies when submitted for examination. These certificates and signed statements must be submitted separately in a sealed envelope addressed to the Chairman of the Examiners for the Certificates in Theology/Bachelor of Theology, at the above address.'

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22 Standing Committee for EEM and Related Schools

Honour School of Engineering, Economics, and Management

(i) With immediate effect

1 In Examination Decrees , 1995, p. 199, delete ll. 17–19.

2 Ibid., delete ll. 31–2 and substitute:

`The industrial attachment and project will normally be arranged by, and must be approved by, the project co-ordinators in Management and/or Engineering. The report shall be on a topic, approved by the standing committee, normally in Management or Engineering. Topics in Economics may be approved, but the project co-ordinators cannot undertake to arrange projects in the field of Economics.'

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(ii) With effect from 1 October 1997 (for first Part I examination in Trinity Term 1998, and first Part II examination in Trinity Term 1999)

1 In Examination Decrees , 1995, p. 197, delete ll. 19–23 and substitute:

`A2 Electricity and Electronics
A3 Control, Dynamics, and Computer
A4 Structures and Materials
A5 Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics
A6 Engineering Practical Work'.

2 Ibid., delete l. 28, and renumber B5 and B6 as B4 and B5.

3 Ibid., delete ll. 32–43 and substitute:

`The list of subjects and the syllabuses from which the papers in Group C may be selected shall be approved by the Sub-faculty of Engineering Science and published by the Chairman of the Sub-faculty of Engineering Science not later than the end of the Trinity Full Term of the academic year preceding the year of the examination of Part II. The Sub-faculty will divide the papers into lists; candidates will be required to select their group C papers from different lists.'

4 Ibid., p. 198, ll. 18–19, delete `eight papers, consisting of any five from Group A' and substitute `nine papers, consisting of all papers in Group A'.

5 Ibid., pp. 198–99, delete sect. 1. and substitute:

`1. Written papers

Candidates will be required to take three papers, consisting of paper E2 and any two papers from E3, E4, E5, M2, M3, M4, and Group C (from which the equivalent of only one paper may be offered). Candidates choosing to offer a paper from Group C must take two papers in which they would be expected to answer, in two hours, three questions from each paper. The results of the two papers in combination will be treated as the equivalent of one paper. The arrangements for the publication and selection of group C papers are specified on p. 197.'

Footnotes

[1] Candidates seeking approval of the subject of their thesis should write to the Deputy Chairman, Board of the Faculty of English Language and Literature, English Faculty Office, St Cross Building, Manor Road.'
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[2] Those who offer B may not offer options (1) and (2) in Paper X.
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EXAMINATIONS FOR THE DEGREE OF DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY

The examiners appointed by the following faculty boards give notice of oral examination of their candidates as follows:

Biological Sciences

A. ATTARAN, Wadham: `CTL cytotoxicity and cytoskeleton: a microscopical study'.
Department of Zoology, Wednesday, 29 May, 2 p.m.
Examiners: T.J. Elliott, D. Bray.

S. GREGSON, Jesus: `The early socio-demographic impact of the HIV-1 epidemic in rural Zimbabwe'.
Department of Zoology, Tuesday, 4 June, 11.30 a.m.
Examiners: G.P. Garnett, J. Cleland.

R.D. SHEIL, Linacre: `The ecology of long-term change in a Ugandan rain forest'.
Department of Plant Sciences, Thursday, 16 May, 9.30 a.m.
Examiners: D. Newbery, R.J. Whittaker.

S.D. VASCONCELOS, Linacre: `Studies on the transmission and dispersal of baculoviruses in lepidopteran populations'.
University Museum, Monday, 13 May, 2 p.m.
Examiners: S.J. Simpson, A. Cherry.

JIU-YAO WANG, St Cross: `Expression and functional characterisation of carbohydrate recognition domains of bovine conglutinin and human surfactant protein D'.
Glycobiology Institute, Thursday, 16 May, 11 a.m.
Examiners: R.A. Dwek, A.D. Postle.

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Clinical Medicine

K.L.R. DUNN, Green College: `Cytotoxicity of Neisseria meningitidis for cultured human endothelial cells'.
Institute of Molecular Medicine, Tuesday, 28 May, 2.30 p.m.
Examiners: R. Bicknell, H. Kayhty.

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English Language and Literature

J. PAULMAN, Merton: `An illumined chamber: aspects of scientific enquiry into the history of the Earth in selected Gothic novels 1789–1911'.
Exeter, Monday, 6 May, 2.15 p.m.
Examiners: M.S. Butler, P.A. Clemit.

J. RAINFORD, St Hugh's: `Olafr Haralddsson, king and saint of Norway, and the development of Skaldic style (c.1015–c.1153)'.
St Cross Building, Friday, 10 May, 2.30 p.m.
Examiners: D. Gray, R. McTurk.

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Literae Humaniores

R.E. ASH, St Hugh's: `Individual and collective identities in Tacitus's Histories'.
Examination Schools, Wednesday, 26 June, 2 p.m.
Examiners: M.T. Green, C.S. Kraus.

J.E SHERWOOD, Corpus Christi: `Perceptions of gender and the divine in Greek texts of the second and third centuries ad'.
Examination Schools, Friday, 12 July, 2.15 p.m.
Examiners: J.A. North, R.C.T. Parker.

Modern History

H.-J.K.L.R. VOTH, Nuffield: `Time use in eighteenth- century London: some evidence from the Old Bailey'.
All Souls, Wednesday, 26 June, 9.30 a.m.
Examiners: E.A. Wrigley, C.H. Feinstein.

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Psychological Studies

M.P. DA MOTA, Wolfson: `The role of grammatical knowledge in spelling'.
Department of Experimental Psychology, Wednesday, 15 May, 11 a.m.
Examiners: P.L. Harris, P. Seymour.

Committee for Management Studies

S.A. WAGNER, St Hugh's: `Environmentally-oriented consumer behaviour: a cognitive study with implications for communications management'.
Templeton, Friday, 3 May, 11.30 a.m.
Examiners: G.R. Foxall, E.B. Howard.

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EXAMINATION FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF LETTERS

The examiners appointed by the following faculty board give notice of oral examination of their candidate as follows:

Modern History

M.V. WINSTONE, Lincoln: `The church in Cromwellian England: initiative for reform of the ministry during the Interregnum'.
Examination Schools, Thursday, 9 May, 11.15 a.m.
Examiners: C. Holmes, A. Hughes.

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EXAMINATIONS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF SCIENCE

The examiners appointed by the following faculty boards give notice of oral examination of their candidates as follows:

Clinical Medicine

R.C. KNAPP, New College: `Noise in magnetic resonance imaging and the role of preamplifier technology'.
MRC Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy Unit, Tuesday, 21 May, 2 p.m.
Examiners: P. Styles, J.J.K. Best.

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Mathematical Sciences

R. PINKETT, Keble: `Hardware/software co-design and digital speech processing'.
Department of Engineering Science, Friday, 3 May, 10 a.m.
Examiners: D.J. Edwards, A. Kay.

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