Education, inequality and institutions: evidence from international assessments 1995-2015 | University of Oxford

Education, inequality and institutions: evidence from international assessments 1995-2015

Speaker
Dr Robin Shields, University of Bath
Event date
Event time
17:00 - 18:30
Venue
Department of Education
15 Norham Gardens
Oxford
Oxfordshire
OX26PY
Venue details

Seminar Room A (via Reception)

Event type
Lectures and seminars
Event cost
None
Disabled access?
Yes
Booking required
Not required

This seminar will present recent research the relationship between economic inequality and educational achievement as measured by large scale assessments. We begin by identifying a debate within the literature between those who advocate a "skills premium" for achievement and those who warn against the harmful consequences of inequality for achievement. We use a more extensive empirical dataset and more robust statistical models to show that the relationship between achievement and inequality is moderated by income: in other words, the relationship is different in high-income and low-income countries. The former demonstrates a relationship consistent with the “skills premium” literature, while the latter suggest that inequality has negative consequences for achievement. We then evaluate possible models of the causal relationships involved, looking at varieties of capitalism and capabilities as two alternative explanatory frameworks.