PLEASE NOTE THAT THIS EVENT HAS BEEN CANCELLED.
In anticipation of a demographic crisis in Europe in the aftermath of the war, US President Roosevelt set up the M(igration)-Project in 1942. Convinced that demographic problems had heavily contributed to, and were further exacerbated by the two world wars, radical solutions were sought to prevent Europe from driving the world into the abyss again. Solutions proposed included the establishment of an International Settlement Authority to oversee mass emigration of those who could not be integrated into, and were thereby threatening, the stability of the envisaged European post-war order that was taking shape at Potsdam: refugees, ethnic minorities and surplus populations. This paper will analyse the work done by the M-Project, situate it in the context of US demographic policies towards Europe and European refugees, and look at how these plans affected population policies in Europe until 1950.